Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)

(Redirected from Κομμουνιστικό_Κόμμα_Ελλάδας_(μαρξιστικό-λενινιστικό))
Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist)
Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (μαρξιστικο-λενινιστικό)
LeaderGrigoris Konstantopoulos
FoundedNovember 1976
Split fromOrganisation of Marxists–Leninists of Greece
HeadquartersEmmanouil Benaki 43,
10681, Athens
NewspaperProletariaki Simaia
(Proletarian Flag)
Political positionFar-left
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European Parliament
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The Communist Party of Greece (Marxist–Leninist) (Greek: Κομμουνιστικό Κόμμα Ελλάδας (μαρξιστικό-λενινιστικό), ΚΚΕ (μ-λ), Kommounistiko Komma Elladas (marxistiko-leninistiko), KKE (m-l)), is a Maoist communist political party in Greece.



KKE (m-l) was founded in November 1976 by the majority of the Organisation of Marxists-Leninists of Greece (OMLE), itself a splinter group of the Communist Party of Greece since 1964. The minority became the Marxist-Leninist Communist Party of Greece (M-L KKE).[1][2] Despite further subsequent splits and the creation of smaller groupings, the two parties, KKE (m-l) and M-L KKE, have remained the major representatives of Maoism in Greece to this day.[1] The student wing of KKE (m-l) was the Progressive All-Student Unionist Camp (PPSP), which was "less popular [than the mainstream organisations], but still important" at Greek universities at the time.[2][3]

In October 1977, on the eve of the first death anniversary of Mao Zedong, KKE(m-l) co-signed a declaration with the Communist Party of Germany/Marxists–Leninists, Communist Party of Spain (Marxist–Leninist), Communist Party of Italy (Marxist–Leninist) and the Portuguese Communist Party (Reconstructed). The declaration, which was published on the front page of the Albanian daily Zëri i Popullit, rejected the Three Worlds Theory.[4]

KKE (m-l) experienced a crisis in 1982 when the majority of its members left the party. This crisis was caused as a result of both international (death of Mao Zedong, the restoration of capitalism in China, etc.) and national events (government of PASOK, etc.). So the members that fighter that crisis created the new KKE (m-l)

On 16 March 2012, spurred by the ongoing Greek financial crisis, M-L KKE and KKE (m-l) announced that they would jointly contest elections as part of the Popular Resistance - Left Anti-Imperialist Cooperation (Λαϊκή Αντίσταση - Αριστερή Αντιμπεριαλιστική Συνεργασία), distancing themselves both from the traditional Communist Party of Greece (KKE) and the leftist Syriza coalition.[1][5] KKE(m-l) and MLKKE contested the May 2012 legislative election under the slogan "Down with the Memorandum of Enslavement- The People don't owe anyone anything" and fielded 186 candidates across the country.[6]

Historically, KKE (m-l) has been most active and has supporters in Ioannina, Thessaloniki and northern Greece in general, in Crete, and the Aegean islands of Lesbos and Samos.[5]

Election results

Hellenic Parliament
Election Votes % Notes
June 1989 3,361 0,05%
November 1989 3,234 0,05%
1990 2,590 0,04%
1993 8,160 0,12% As part of the Left Struggle coalition
1996 10,443 0,15% As part of the Left Struggle coalition
2000 7,301 0,11%
2004 10,754 0,15%
2007 17,541 0,24%
2009 10,480 0,15%
May 2012 16,010 0,25% On a common list with M-L KKE
June 2012 7,592 0,12% On a common list with M-L KKE
January 2015 7,999 0,13% On a common list with M-L KKE
September 2015 8,873 0,16% On a common list with M-L KKE
2019 7,778 0,14%


KKE (m-l) publishes the biweekly newspaper, Proletariaki Simaia (Προλεταριακή Σημαία, "Proletarian Flag"), founded in early 1967 as one of the newspapers of OMLE.[1]

See also


External links

Categories: 1976 establishments in Greece | Communist parties in Greece | Far-left politics in Greece | Maoist organizations in Greece | Maoist parties | Political parties established in 1976

Information as of: 06.07.2021 09:12:17 CEST

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