3996 Fugaku, provisional designation 1988 XG1, is a stony Florian asteroid from the inner regions of the asteroid belt, approximately 5.5 kilometers in diameter. It was discovered on 5 December 1988, by Japanese amateur astronomers Masaru Arai and Hiroshi Mori at Yorii Observatory in central Japan. It was named for Mount Fuji, Japan.
Orbit and classification
Fugaku is a member of the Flora family, one of the largest groups of stony asteroids in the main-belt. It orbits the Sun in the inner main-belt at a distance of 2.0–2.5 AU once every 3 years and 5 months (1,241 days). Its orbit has an eccentricity of 0.10 and an inclination of 2° with respect to the ecliptic. It was first identified as 1939 FZ at Turku Observatory in 1939, extending the asteroid's observation arc by 49 years prior to its official discovery observation.
Fugaku has been characterized as a stony S-type asteroid, the most common type in the inner main-belt.
In March 210, a rotational lightcurve of Fugaku was obtained from photometric observations at the Palomar Transient Factory in California. It gave a rotation period of 7.1912 hours with a change in brightness of 0.86 magnitude (U=2).
Diameter and albedo
According to the survey carried out by NASA's Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer with its subsequent NEOWISE mission, Fugaku measures between 5.15 and 5.88 kilometers in diameter, and its surface has an albedo between 0.34 and 0.42. The Collaborative Asteroid Lightcurve Link assumes an albedo of 0.24 – derived from 8 Flora, the largest member and namesake of this family – and calculates a diameter of 5.40 kilometers with an absolute magnitude of 13.5.
This minor planet was named for the ancient name of Mount Fuji, Japan's highest mountain and a well-known symbol. Another minor planet, 1584 Fuji, is also named for this mountain. The official naming citation was published by the Minor Planet Center on 4 May 1999 (M.P.C. 34619).
- ^ a b c d e "JPL Small-Body Database Browser: 3996 Fugaku (1988 XG1)" (2017-06-05 last obs.). Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Retrieved 19 June 2017.
- ^ a b c Schmadel, Lutz D. (2007). "(3996) Fugaku". Dictionary of Minor Planet Names – (3996) Fugaku. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. p. 340. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-29925-7_3981 . ISBN 978-3-540-00238-3.
- ^ a b c d e f "LCDB Data for (3996) Fugaku" . Asteroid Lightcurve Database (LCDB). Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ a b c Masiero, Joseph R.; Mainzer, A. K.; Grav, T.; Bauer, J. M.; Cutri, R. M.; Dailey, J.; et al. (November 2011). "Main Belt Asteroids with WISE/NEOWISE. I. Preliminary Albedos and Diameters" . The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 20. arXiv:1109.4096 . Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...68M . doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/68 . Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ a b c d Mainzer, A.; Grav, T.; Masiero, J.; Hand, E.; Bauer, J.; Tholen, D.; et al. (November 2011). "NEOWISE Studies of Spectrophotometrically Classified Asteroids: Preliminary Results". The Astrophysical Journal. 741 (2): 25. arXiv:1109.6407 . Bibcode:2011ApJ...741...90M . doi:10.1088/0004-637X/741/2/90 .
- ^ a b c d Nugent, C. R.; Mainzer, A.; Masiero, J.; Bauer, J.; Cutri, R. M.; Grav, T.; et al. (December 2015). "NEOWISE Reactivation Mission Year One: Preliminary Asteroid Diameters and Albedos" . The Astrophysical Journal. 814 (2): 13. arXiv:1509.02522 . Bibcode:2015ApJ...814..117N . doi:10.1088/0004-637X/814/2/117 . Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ a b c Waszczak, Adam; Chang, Chan-Kao; Ofek, Eran O.; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; et al. (September 2015). "Asteroid Light Curves from the Palomar Transient Factory Survey: Rotation Periods and Phase Functions from Sparse Photometry" . The Astronomical Journal. 150 (3): 35. arXiv:1504.04041 . Bibcode:2015AJ....150...75W . doi:10.1088/0004-6256/150/3/75 . Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ Veres, Peter; Jedicke, Robert; Fitzsimmons, Alan; Denneau, Larry; Granvik, Mikael; Bolin, Bryce; et al. (November 2015). "Absolute magnitudes and slope parameters for 250,000 asteroids observed by Pan-STARRS PS1 – Preliminary results" . Icarus. 261: 34–47. arXiv:1506.00762 . Bibcode:2015Icar..261...34V . doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2015.08.007 . Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ a b "3996 Fugaku (1988 XG1)" . Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
- ^ "MPC/MPO/MPS Archive" . Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 3 January 2017.
Categories: Minor planet object articles (numbered) | Flora asteroids | Discoveries by Masaru Arai | Discoveries by Hiroshi Mori | Minor planets named for places | Named minor planets | Astronomical objects discovered in 1988
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