Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy


Amadeus IX
Portrait of Amadeus IX. Fresco in San Domenico, Turin (after 1474)
Duke of Savoy
Reign29 January 1465 – 30 March 1472
PredecessorLouis
SuccessorPhilibert I
Born1 February 1435
Thonon-les-Bains
Died30 March 1472 (aged 37)
SpouseYolande of Valois
IssueAnne
Maria
Louise
Filiberto
Carlo
HouseHouse of Savoy
FatherLouis, Duke of Savoy
MotherAnne de Lusignan
ReligionRoman Catholic

Amadeus IX (1 February 1435 – 30 March 1472), nicknamed the Happy, was the Duke of Savoy from 1465 to 1472. The Catholic Church venerates him with a liturgical feast on March 30.

Contents

Life


He was born at Thonon-les-Bains, the son of Louis, Duke of Savoy, and Anne de Lusignan, daughter of Janus of Cyprus, King of Cyprus. In 1452, his mother arranged a political marriage to Yolande of Valois (1434–1478), sister of Louis XI of France and daughter of Charles VII of France. Because of his epilepsy and retirement, she was left in control of the state.[1]

France and the Holy Roman Empire competed to gain control of Savoy's strategically important Alpine's mountain passes and trade routes.[2] His sister, Charlotte of Savoy, became the second wife of Louis XI of France. French influence increased in Savoy and involved the country in the wars between France and the emperors.[3] The Castle of Moncalleri in Piedmont, Italy was initially built around 1100 as a fortress on a hill, to command the main southern access to Turin. In the mid-15th century Yolande turned it into a Renaissance Royal Palace.

Amadeus was a particular protector of Franciscan friars and endowed other religious houses as well as homes for the care of the poor and suffering.[2] He made a pilgrimage to Saint-Claude in 1471.[4] Amadeus died in 1472.[2]

He was also an avid collector of manuscripts, adding over sixty items to the ducal library started by his great-grandfather Amadeus VIII.[5]

Family


Amadeus IX had 10 children with Yolande of Valois:

  1. Luigi (1453)
  2. Anne (1455–1480), married Frederick IV of Naples (1452–1504), prince of Altamura
  3. Carlo (1456–1471), Prince of Piedmont
  4. Maria (1460–1511) married Philip of Hachberg-Sausenberg (1454–1503)
  5. Louise (1461–1503), married Hugh, Prince of Chalon and, later, became a Poor Clare nun
  6. Filiberto (1465–1482), oldest surviving son
  7. Bernardo (1467)
  8. Carlo (1468–1490)
  9. James Louis (1470–1485), Count of Genevois, France
  10. Gian Claudio Galeazzo (1472)

His daughter, Louise, became a nun of the Franciscan Second Order after being widowed at a young age. She was also beatified.

Beatification


A painting of Amadeus, made in 1474 was housed in the Dominican church in Turin and acquired a miraculous reputation. In 1612 a brief text was published in the same city, by Girolamo Cordieri, canon of the cathedral chapter of Mondovi, extolling the holy Amadeus. Cordieri was later appointed theologian to Charles Emmanuel I, Duke of Savoy. Also that year, a canon from Vercelli published a compendium of miracles attributed to the intercession of Amadeus IX. The cultus of Amadeus was actively promoted by Charles Emanuel's son, Prince Maurice of Savoy, Cardinal of Vercelli.[6]

In 1613, an Historia del Beato Amedeo terzo duca di Savoia was composed by Fr. Pietro-Francisco Malletta. Six years later, the Duke of Savoy issued nine-florin coins depicting Amadeus IX on one side. These appear to have been used as religious medals, particularly in the Chablais, where they were distributed by Francis de Sales.[6]

Michel Merle suggests that the revival of the cult of Amadeus IX was part of a decades long effort on the part of the House of Savoy to enhance its political status. Presented as a holy prince known for his charity and concern for the poor, Amadeus IX was beatified on 3 March 1677 by Pope Innocent XI.[6]

Ancestry


References


Amadeus IX, Duke of Savoy
Born: 1 February 1435 Died: 30 March 1472
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Louis
Duke of Savoy
1465–1472
Succeeded by
Philibert I







Categories: 1435 births | 1472 deaths | 15th-century Dukes of Savoy | 15th-century venerated Christians | Burials at Vercelli Cathedral | Dukes of Savoy | French beatified people | Roman Catholic royal saints | House of Savoy | Italian people of Cypriot descent | People from Thonon-les-Bains | People with epilepsy | Royalty and nobility with disabilities




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