Anne Pratt -

Anne Pratt

Anne Pratt
Born5 December 1806
Strood, Kent
Hammersmith/Fulham, London
EducationEastgate House
Known forBotanical Illustration
Spouse(s)John Pearless [married 1866]

Anne Pratt (5 December 1806 – 1893) was a botanical and ornithological illustrator and author from Strood, Kent.



Anne was the second of three daughters of Robert Pratt (1777–1819), a grocer, and Sara Bundock (1780–1845). Anne Pratt was one of the best known English botanical illustrators of the Victorian age.[1] As a consequence of her poor health and an impaired knee, during her childhood, she was excluded from sports, and was encouraged to occupy herself by drawing. Pratt was educated at Eastgate House, Rochester, and introduced to botany by Dr. Dods, a family friend.[1] She moved to Brixton, London, in 1826, where she developed her career as an illustrator. Pratt settled in Dover in 1849, and in East Grinstead in 1866, where she married John Pearless, with whom she subsequently settled at Redhill. Pratt died in Shepherd's Bush, London.

Pratt composed more than 20 books, which she illustrated with chromolithographs, on which she collaborated with William Dickes, an engraver skilled in the chromolithograph process. Her works were written in an accessible but accurate style that was partly responsible for the popularising of botany in her day. From her first book, Flowers and Their Associations, her works sold well, but she did not ever achieve critical acclaim as a consequence of a bourgeois disdain for the autodidactic woman.[2]

Pratt's magnum opus is The Flowering Plants, Grasses, Sedges, and Ferns of Great Britain and Their Allies the Club Mosses, Pepperworts, and Horsetails, a six-volume project assessing more than 1500 species, with 300 illustrations, that was published over a decade, between 1855 and 1873. This work was long used as a standard reference work: the illustrations of ferns in the final volume continued to be used into the second half of the twentieth century, and appeared, unattributed and in very much reduced size, and in half tone, in the Observer's Book of [British] Ferns. [3]

Selected works


  1. ^ a b Kramer, Jack 1996. Women of Flowers: A Tribute to Victorian Women Illustrators. New York, Stewart, Tabori & Chang, 1996.
  2. ^ "The Art of Botanical Illustration: Women Illustrators" . University of Delaware Library website.
  3. ^ The Observer's Book of Ferns compiled by W.J. Stockoe, published by Frederick Warne, no date; later reprint The Observer's Book of British Ferns compiled by W.J. Stockoe, published by Frederick Warne, 1950.
  4. ^ IPNI.  Pratt .

External links

Categories: 1806 births | 1893 deaths | English nature writers | English illustrators | Botanical illustrators | Natural history illustrators | 19th-century English painters

Information as of: 17.07.2020 01:20:32 CEST

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