Antigonia (Syria)


Antigonia
LocationTurkey
RegionHatay Province
Coordinates

Antigonia (Greek: Αντιγόνεια) also transliterated as Antigonea and Antigoneia was a Hellenistic city in Seleucid Empire, Syria (in modern Turkey), on the Orontes, founded by Antigonus I Monophthalmus in 307 BC, and intended to be the capital of his empire; the site is approximately 7 km northeast of Antakya, Hatay Province, Turkey. After the Battle of Ipsus, 301 BC, in which Antigonus perished, the inhabitants of Antigonia were removed by his successful rival Seleucus I Nicator to the city of Antioch, which Seleucus founded a little lower down the river. (Strabo xvi. p. 750; Diod. xx. 47; Liban. Antioch. p. 349; Malalas, p. 256.) Diodorus erroneously says that the inhabitants were removed to Seleucia Pieria. Antigonia continued, however, to exist, and is mentioned in the war with the Parthians after the defeat of Crassus. (Dion Cass. xl. 29.)

In the city there was a shrine with four pillars, a statue of Tyche was placed above it, and a tall altar in front of it.[1]

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Categories: 307 BC | Populated places established in the 4th century BC | Archaeological sites in Hatay Province | Ancient Greek archaeological sites in Turkey | Antigonid colonies | Seleucid Empire | Former populated places in Turkey | Geography of Hatay Province | 300s BC establishments | Ancient Greek world stubs | Mediterranean Region, Turkey geography stubs | Near East archaeology stubs | Turkey stubs




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