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Artux




Artux

阿图什市
ئاتۇش شەھىرى
Coordinates (Artux municipal government):
CountryPeople's Republic of China
Autonomous regionXinjiang
Autonomous prefectureKizilsu (Kirghiz)
Area
 • Total15,698 km2 (6,061 sq mi)
Population
 (2003)
 • Total210,000
 • Density13/km2 (35/sq mi)
Artux
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese阿图什
Traditional Chinese阿圖什
Uyghur name
Uyghurئاتۇش
Kyrgyz name
Kyrgyzارتىش
Артыш
Artış

Artux (also as Atushi; Chinese: 阿图什市; pinyin: Ātúshí Shì)[1] is a county-level city and the capital of the Kyrgyz autonomous prefecture of Kizilsu in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, China. The city has two subdistricts, five townships and three farms under its jurisdiction in 2018. The government seat is in Guangminglu Subdistrict (光明路街道).[2]

Contents

Geography and climate


It is situated in the northwest part of the Tarim Basin, south of the Tien Shan mountains. Like most of Xinjiang, Artux has a cool arid climate (Köppen BWk) with hot summers, freezing winters and little precipitation and low humidity year-round. The annual mean temperature is 13.1 °C (55.6 °F), and the annual mean precipitation around 95 millimetres or 3.74 inches. Most of this limtied precipitation falls from erratic thunderstorms in the summer months, although at this time relative humidity averages less than 35 percent.

Climate data for Artux (1981–2010 normals)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
6.0
(42.8)
14.4
(57.9)
22.6
(72.7)
27.6
(81.7)
31.5
(88.7)
33.5
(92.3)
32.5
(90.5)
27.7
(81.9)
20.2
(68.4)
10.8
(51.4)
2.0
(35.6)
19.1
(66.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −4.7
(23.5)
−0.7
(30.7)
9.0
(48.2)
16.7
(62.1)
21.5
(70.7)
25.3
(77.5)
27.1
(80.8)
26.2
(79.2)
21.3
(70.3)
13.8
(56.8)
4.9
(40.8)
−2.8
(27.0)
13.1
(55.6)
Average low °C (°F) −8.8
(16.2)
−4.2
(24.4)
3.8
(38.8)
10.9
(51.6)
15.6
(60.1)
19.1
(66.4)
20.9
(69.6)
20.0
(68.0)
15.1
(59.2)
7.7
(45.9)
−0.2
(31.6)
−6.6
(20.1)
7.8
(46.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.7
(0.11)
4.9
(0.19)
8.6
(0.34)
6.4
(0.25)
13.0
(0.51)
12.3
(0.48)
13.6
(0.54)
13.5
(0.53)
10.2
(0.40)
6.7
(0.26)
2.5
(0.10)
2.4
(0.09)
96.8
(3.8)
Average relative humidity (%) 62 50 38 30 30 30 32 35 38 42 52 64 42
Source: China Meteorological Administration[3]

Economy


Artux's economy is primarily agriculture, the agricultural products are mainly cotton, grapes, and sheep.

Transportation


Artux is served by the Southern Xinjiang Railway.

Notable persons


References


  1. ^ The official spelling according to 中国地名录. Beijing: SinoMaps Press (中国地图出版社). 1997. ISBN 7-5031-1718-4.
  2. ^ 阿图什市概况 . xzqh.org. 2015-01-29. Retrieved 2019-09-30.
  3. ^ 中国气象数据网 - WeatherBk Data (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Retrieved 2020-04-15.










Categories: Populated places in Xinjiang | County-level divisions of Xinjiang | Xinjiang geography stubs








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