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Autonomous regions of China




Autonomous region
自治区
Zìzhìqū
CategoryUnitary state
Location People's Republic of China
Number5
Populations3,002,166 (Tibet Autonomous Region) – 46,026,629 (Guangxi)
Areas66,000 km2 (25,600 sq mi) (Ningxia) – 1,665,000 km2 (642,800 sq mi) (Xinjiang)
GovernmentSingle-party government
SubdivisionsPrefecture-level city, Prefecture, League, Sub-Provincial Autonomous Prefecture, Autonomous Prefecture

An autonomous region (AR; simplified Chinese: 自治区; traditional Chinese: 自治區; pinyin: zìzhìqū) is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights.[citation needed] An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group.

The Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region was established in 1947; Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955; Guangxi and Ningxia in 1958. Tibet was conquered by China in the 1950s, and was named a Chinese Autonomous Zone in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local Han Chinese, who made up two-thirds of the population of each region.[citation needed] Although Mongols made an even smaller percentage of Inner Mongolia than either of these, the ensuing Chinese Civil War gave little opportunity for protest.[1]

Contents

List of autonomous regions


Designated
minority
Name in English Simplified Chinese
Pinyin
Local name
SASM/GNC romanization (Language)
Abbreviation Capital Language
Zhuang Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region 广西壮族自治区
Guǎngxī Zhuàngzú Zìzhìqū
Gvangjsih Bouxcuengh Swcigih (Standard Zhuang/Zhuang)
Guì
(GZAR)
Nanning
(南宁; Nanzningz)
Zhuang, Standard Zhuang language (Vahcuengh)
Mongol Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
(Nei Mongol Autonomous Region)
内蒙古自治区
Nèi Měnggǔ Zìzhìqū
ᠦᠪᠦᠷ ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠤᠯ ᠤᠨ ᠥᠪᠡᠷᠲᠡᠭᠡᠨ ᠵᠠᠰᠠᠬᠣ ᠣᠷᠣᠨ
Öbür mongγol-un öbertegen zasaqu orun (Mongolian)
内蒙古
Nèi Měnggǔ
(IMAR)
Hohhot
(呼和浩特; ᠬᠥᠬᠡᠬᠣᠲᠠ)
Mongolian
Tibetan Tibet Autonomous Region Autonomous Region
(Xizang Autonomous Region)
西藏自治区
Xīzàng Zìzhìqū
བོད་རང་སྐྱོང་ལྗོངས།
Poi Ranggyong Jong (Standard Tibetan)

Zàng
(TAR)
Lhasa
(拉萨; ལྷ་ས།)
Standard Tibetan
Uyghur Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region 新疆维吾尔自治区
Xīnjiāng Wéiwú'ěr Zìzhìqū
شىنجاڭ ئۇيغۇر ئاپتونوم رايونى
Xinjang Uyĝur Aptonom Rayoni (Uyghur)

Xīn
(XUAR)
Ürümqi
(乌鲁木齐; ئۈرۈمچی‎)
Uyghur
Hui Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region 宁夏回族自治区
Níngxià Huízú Zìzhìqū
The Hui speak Chinese
Níng
(NHAR)
Yinchuan
(银川)
Dungan, Chinese

Statistics


Population

Administrative Division National Share (%) 2010 Census[2] 2000 Census[3] 1990 Census[4] 1982 Census[5] 1964 Census[6] 1954 Census[7]
Guangxi 3.5 46,026,629 43,854,538 42,245,765 36,420,960 20,845,017 19,560,822
Inner Mongolia 1.9 24,706,321 23,323,347 21,456,798 19,274,279 12,348,638 6,100,104
Ningxia 0.5 6,176,900 5,486,393 4,655,451 3,895,578 * *
Tibet Autonomous Region 0.2 3,002,166 2,616,329 2,196,010 1,892,393 1,251,225 1,273,969
Xinjiang 1.6 21,813,334 18,459,511 15,155,778 13,081,681 7,270,067 4,873,608

Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Administrative Division Titular Ethnic Group Han Chinese Third Largest Ethnic Group
Xinjiang (Uyghur) 45.21% 40.58% 6.74% (Kazakh)
Tibet (Tibetan) 92.8% 6.1% 0.35% (Hui)
Inner Mongolia (Mongol) 17.13% 79.17% 2.14% (Manchu)
Ningxia (Hui) 33.9% 65.5 % 1.16% (Manchu)
Guangxi (Zhuang) 32.0% 62.0 % 3.0% (Yao)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic Group" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also


Literature


References





Categories: Autonomous regions of China | Autonomous administrative divisions of China | Province-level divisions of China



Source: Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Autonomous regions of China (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0


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