Beilun District in Ningbo Municipality
Ningbo in Zhejiang province
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|Provinces of China||Zhejiang|
|• Total||599.03 km2 (231.29 sq mi)|
|• Density||630/km2 (1,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (China Standard)|
Beilun District (help·info) (simplified Chinese: 北仑区; traditional Chinese: 北侖區; pinyin: Běilún Qū; Wu: Poh-len Chiu) is a district of Ningbo in Zhejiang province, China. It is dominated by Beilun port, an international port of the easternmost edge of the southern coast of Hangzhou Bay. It primarily services the regional city of Ningbo. Beilun district has 380,000 permanent residents and 850,000 residents. Beilun district has a land area of 615 square kilometers, a sea area of 258 square kilometers and a coastline of 150 kilometers. It is the largest sea area and the longest coastline area within the jurisdiction of Ningbo city.
Originally a small fishing town, the presence of a deep sea lane with year-round minimum depth of 17 meters stretching along the coast of Beilun motivated the Chinese Government to build one of the nation's largest deep sea port here. The port is further protected from storms by the mountainous islets of Zhoushan just off the coast of Beilun.
14.31 billion yuan has been invested in the Beilun port. With the completion of the Hangzhou Bay Bridge in 2008, Beilun is set to receive increased volumes of international freight and be more closely tied to the metropolis of Shanghai. It has been proposed that Beilun port be managed by the Shanghai port authority. Swift and dangerous undersea currents in Shanghai contribute to an inefficient port that costs the city a great deal to keep open, and even then it is often only usable during high tide. Beilun is also home to a small free trade zone that has a concentration of manufacturers focused on vacuum formed packaging and an older plant that manufactured window air conditioners for Fedders.
Guodian Beilun Power Station, one of the world largest coal power stations, is installed in Beilun's Xinqi town, and managed by the national SOE China Guodian Corporation. Built in two phases, starting in 1988 with a loan from the World Bank, with main equipment imported from France and Japan.
Beilun district is one of the six municipal districts in Ningbo city. Beilun district stands on the coast of the east China sea. Approximately 62 CPC central committee and state leaders have visited the district for inspection and guidance.
About 7000 years ago the area that now makes up the Beilun district was underwater with only the Tiantai mountains such as Taibai mountain and Lingfeng mountain visible. As the tides ebbed the land was gradually revealed and the peoples living in the area built ponds to block the tide and enclosed the sea area to set up land and improve the landscape. The regional landform of Beilun district is mainly characterized by hills and plains in the northwest and the middle, and hills in the southeast. It was separated by the Lingfeng mountain, thus, west of the mountain is the Changshan plain and east of the mountain is the Chaiqiao plain.
The area is intertwined with water sources such as the Xiaolijiang, Yan, Tai, and Lujiang rivers, which originate from the southwest Shan 'ao, a piece of flat land in a mountain range, and flow through two plains. Beilun district belongs to a subtropical Marine climate, which is mild and humid, four distinct seasons, fog days less and frost-free period. It has abundant rainfall, the average annual precipitation is about 1310 mm and the average annual temperature is about 16.7℃.
The only township is Meishan Township (梅山乡)
Ningbo Phoenix Mountain theme park is a high-tech large-scale international theme park in the 21st century built with full investment by Beilun district government. It is a national AAAA tourist area. The first phase of the park, with an investment of nearly $100 million and an area of 260,000 square meters, was designed by the top American amusement design company JRA and adopted the latest design concepts in the world. The second phase of the park has invested nearly 100 million CNY, covering an area of about 40,000 square meters. It has set up two amusement areas, named "Dragon Palace“ and ”Bobo Community", which are mainly for entertaining and family travel. The slogan of the theme park is "Joy, Fashion, Surprise and Excitement". It is the first - class happy kingdom and holiday resort in East China.
Yangsha Mountain is located about 2 kilometers south of Chunxiao Park in Ningbo Economic Development Zone, Chunxiao Town, Beilun District, Ningbo City. Its geographical location is 29°45'3.87" North latitude and 121°54'36.96" East longitude. Yangsha mountain is surrounded by sea on three sides and covers an area of 128 hectares. It is mainly composed of 4 small islands connected by reefs, with 4 major landscapes: Red Rock Red Reef, Mother Island, Great Wall at Sea, and Silver Beach.
Jiufeng mountain tourist area covers a total area of 34 square kilometers, with 26 peaks, two large lakes and nearly 10,000 acres of forest. It is composed of Wangao scenic spot, Ruiyan scenic spot and Yanhu eight pit scenic spots, which is famous as one of ningbo mountaineering base, ten leisure tourism bases and ten ecological scenic spots. Jiufeng mountain enjoys the reputation of "Jiangnan health heaven", "the most east end of Jiangnan mainland“, "the famous mountain in the area of east China sea", "the most beautiful mountain in Ningbo city", "the kingdom of animals and plants", etc.
According to preliminary statistics, in 2018, the regional GDP of Beilun district (including Ningbo bonded area and Daxie development area) reached 161.839 billion CNY, representing an increase of 7.1% at comparable prices. In terms of industries, the added value of the primary industry reached 807 million CNY, and it is an increase of 1.0% over the previous year. The added value of the secondary industry reached 97.275 billion CNY, which increased 5.6%, including the added value of the industrial industry reached 91.921 billion CNY, which increased 5.7%. The added value of the tertiary industry reached 63.757 billion CNY, up 9.6%, with a ratio of 0.5 to 60.1 to 39.4 in the three industrial structure. Based on the registered population, the per capita GDP of Beilun district reached 386,302 CNY (USD $58,377 at the annual average exchange rate) in 2018.
In the region, Beilun's GDP reached 114.646 billion CNY, up 7.5%. In terms of different industries, the added value of the Primary industry (finance, employment) reached 807 million CNY, up 1.0%; the added value of the Second industry (agriculture, rural areas) reached 69.857 billion CNY, up 7.0% (among them, the added value of the industrial industry reached 65.962 billion CNY, up 7.2%); the added value of the Third industry (industry and construction) reached 43.982 billion CNY, up 8.5%. Daxie development zone achieved a GDP of 33.314 billion CNY, up 4.5%. The total GDP of Ningbo bonded area reached 13.878 billion CNY, with an increase of 10.0%.
The total fiscal revenue of Beilun district reached 57.661 billion CNY, with an increase of 19.3% over the previous year, and the general public budget revenue reached 29.185 billion CNY, with an increase of 18.4%. The total industrial output value of the 754 industrial enterprises above the designated size reached 410.340 billion CNY, with an increase of 9.7% over the previous year. Total profits and taxes amounted is about 49.121 billion CNY, up 3.9%; and the profit totaled 35.904 billion CNY, up 2.8%. The annual fixed asset investment reached 38.925 billion CNY, with an increase of 5.0% over the previous year. The output value of 102 construction enterprises with qualifications above reached 16.731 billion CNY, up 8.2%. The total retail sales of consumer goods reached 25.552 billion CNY, with an increase of 2.0% over the previous year. The total volume of foreign trade reached 272.049 billion CNY, up 13.3%, of which exports reached 118.352 billion CNY, up 11.0%, and imports reached 153.697 billion CNY, up 15.1%. Contractual utilization of foreign capital totaled US$2.059 billion, up 27.4%, and actual utilization of foreign capital totaled US$1.141 billion, up 11.3%.
The area is known for the Cicheng rice cake, a water mill rice cake that is a specialty in Cicheng, Ningbo. The cake is made using high quality Japonica rice and ten methods are used to make the texture smooth and chewy. The most common way to prepare the rice cake in Ningbo is to add the rice cake to soup or fry them with oil. Pickled cabbage and shredded pork rice cake soup is a typical Ningbo dish, which is salty with a slight sour taste.
Seafood makes up a major part of Ningbo's cuisine and Qiang crab with red paste is one of its most common dishes. The dish is prepared by marinating crab with salted water in a 4:1 ratio. It is typically eaten with ginger and vinegar, as vinegar can neutralize the sea smell and cleanse the meat while ginger is said to protect the intestines and stomach.
The tangyuan, or Ningbo sweet dumpling, is created by mixing black sesame seeds, lard, and sugar together as the filling, which is placed into a sticky rice ball, which is then fried or boiled. The filling is occasionally changed by substituting the sesame filling with pork, durian, and red bean paste.
Although much of the district is highly developed, it contains some forested hilly areas. It is home to Chinhai Spiny Newt, which is unique to the area. One population is within the Ruiyansi Forest Park.