Bergen School of Meteorology

The "Bergen School of Meteorology" is a school of thought which is the basis for much of modern weather forecasting.

Founded by the meteorologist Prof. Vilhelm Bjerknes and his younger colleagues in 1917, the Bergen School attempts to define the motion of the atmosphere by means of the mathematics of interactions between hydro- and thermodynamics, some of which had originally been discovered or explained by Bjerknes himself, thus making mathematical predictions regarding the weather possible by systematic data analysis. Much of the work was done at the Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen, in Bergen, Norway.

The Bergen School was crucial in the early development and operationalization of numerical weather forecasting in the 1940s and 1950s, which was largely a cooperation between Scandinavian and US researchers.[1] In this development, extant meteorological theories were synthesized. Due to the vast amount of calculations necessary for producing viable forecasts, the mathematical models were adapted to computer programs.[2] The cross-atlantic cooperations was also important to the development of the Bergen School and the Norwegian meteorology community [3]

Bjerknes' assistants during the period 1917–1926

See also


  1. ^ Harper, Kristine (2008). Weather by numbers: The genesis of modern meteorology. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
  2. ^ Nebeker, F. (1995). Calculating the weather: Meteorology in the 20th century. San Diego, CA: Academic Press, Inc.
  3. ^ Kristiansen, T. A. (2017). Meteorologi på reise: Veivalg og impulser i Arnt Eliassen og Ragnar Fjørtofts forskerkarrierer [Meteorology on travel: Crossroads and impulses in the research careers of Arnt Eliassen and Ragnar Fjørtoft]. Unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Bergen.

External links

Categories: Synoptic meteorology and weather | Meteorology in history | Atmospheric science stubs

Information as of: 14.06.2021 08:41:30 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-BY-SA-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.