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Byōbu


Byōbu (屏風, "wind wall") are Japanese folding screens made from several joined panels, bearing decorative painting and calligraphy, used to separate interiors and enclose private spaces, among other uses.

Contents

History


Like many Japanese arts and Japanese crafts, folding screens originated in China; prototypes dating back to the Han dynasty have been found. The term "byōbu" figuratively means "protection from wind", which suggests that the original purpose of byōbu was blocking drafts. Byōbu were introduced in Japan in the eighth century, when Japanese craftsmen started making their own byōbu, highly influenced by Chinese patterns. Through different Japanese eras, byōbu evolved in structure and design, along with the techniques and materials used:

Japonism


The screens were a popular Japonism import item to Europe and America starting in the late 19th century. The French painter Odilon Redon created a series of panels for the Château de Domecy-sur-le-Vault in Burgundy, which were influenced by the art of byōbu.[1]

References


  1. ^ "Musée d'Orsay: non_traduit" . www.musee-orsay.fr.

External links










Categories: Byōbu | Partitions in traditional Japanese architecture








Information as of: 14.07.2020 01:58:50 CEST

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