Canarium luzonicum - en.LinkFang.org

Canarium luzonicum


Canarium luzonicum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Burseraceae
Genus: Canarium
Species:
C. luzonicum
Binomial name
Canarium luzonicum

Canarium luzonicum, commonly known as elemi, is a tree native to the Philippines. The oleoresin harvested from it is also known as elemi.

Contents

Uses


Elemi resin is a pale yellow substance, of honey-like consistency. Aromatic elemi oil is steam distilled from the resin. It is a fragrant resin with a sharp pine and lemon-like scent. One of the resin components is called amyrin.

Elemi resin is chiefly used commercially in varnishes and lacquers, and certain printing inks. It is used as a herbal medicine to treat bronchitis, catarrh, extreme coughing, mature skin, scars, stress, and wounds. The constituents include phellandrene, limonene, elemol, elemicin, terpineol, carvone, and terpinolene.

History of the name


The word elemi has been used at various times to denote different resins. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the term usually denoted a resin from trees of the genus Icica in Brazil, and before that it meant the resin derived from Boswellia frereana. The word, like the older term animi, appears to have been derived from enhaemon (εναιμον): the name of a styptic medicine said by Pliny to contain tears exuded by the olive tree of Arabia.[2]

"The name Elemi is derived from an Arabic phrase meaning 'above and below', an abbreviation of 'As above, so below' and this tells us something about its action on the emotional and spiritual planes."[3][unreliable source?]

See also


References


  1. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre (1998). "Canarium luzonicum" . IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 1998: e.T33352A9779122. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.1998.RLTS.T33352A9779122.en . Listed as Vulnerable (VU A1cd v2.3)
  2. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Elemi". Encyclopædia Britannica. 9 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 259.
  3. ^ Davis, Patricia. Aromatherapy A-Z. Revised and Enlarged Edition. Book Production Consultants plc, Cambridge. The C.W. Daniel Company Limited. 1998











Categories: IUCN Red List vulnerable species | Canarium | Endemic flora of the Philippines | Flora of Luzon | Trees of the Philippines | Resins | Vulnerable flora of Asia




Information as of: 26.06.2020 10:01:06 CEST

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