The bird family Casuariidae has four surviving members: the three species of cassowary and the emu.
All living members of the family are very large flightless birds native to Australia-New Guinea. The characteristics of the family are those of its members.
- † Emuarius Boles, 1992 (emuwaries) (Late Oligocene – Late Miocene)
- Casuarius Brisson, 1760 (cassowary)
- † C. lydekkeri Rothschild, 1911 (Pygmy cassowary)
- C. casuarius (Linnaeus, 1758) (Southern cassowary)
- C. unappendiculatus Blyth, 1860 (Northern cassowary)
- C. bennetti Gould, 1857 (Dwarf Cassowary)
- C. b. westermanni (Sclater, 1874) (Papuan dwarf cassowary)
- C. b. bennetti Gould, 1857 (Bennett's cassowary)
- Dromaius Vieillot, 1816 (emu)
- †D. arleyekweke Yates & Worthy 2019
- †D. ocypus Miller 1963
- D. novaehollandiae (Latham, 1790) (Emu)
Systematics and evolution
The fossil record of casuariforms is interesting, but not very extensive.
Some Australian fossils initially believed to be from emus were recognized to represent a distinct genus, Emuarius,
which had a cassowary-like skull and femur and an emu-like lower leg and foot.
- ^ Brand, S. (2008)
- ^ Clements, J (2007)
From "Emu" + "Casuarius". Describer W. E. Boles commonly refers to the genus as "emuwaries" or "cassomus".
- Boles, Walter E. (2001): A new emu (Dromaiinae) from the Late Oligocene Etadunna Formation. Emu 101: 317–321. HTML abstract
- Brands, Sheila (14 August 2008). "Systema Naturae 2000 / Classification, Family Casuariidae" . Project: The Taxonomicon. Retrieved 4 February 2009.
- Clements, James (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World (6 ed.). Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press. ISBN 978-0-8014-4501-9.
- Folch, A. (1992). Family Casuariidae (Cassowaries). pp. 90– 97 in; del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. & Sargatal, J. eds. Handbook of the Birds of the World, Vol 1, Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-09-1
Categories: Casuariidae | Bird families | Ratites | Flightless birds | Taxa named by Johann Jakob Kaup
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