Dead Kultuk


Dead Kultuk
Óli qoltyq shyǵanaǵ
Мёртвый Култук
LocationMangystau Region, Kazakhstan
Coordinates
Native nameÓli qoltyq shyǵanaǵ
Ocean/sea sourcesCaspian Sea
Basin countriesKazakhstan
Surface area500 km2 (190 sq mi)
Average depth1 m (3 ft 3 in)
IslandsDurneva Island
Settlements0

The Dead Kultuk (Kazakh: Өлі қолтық шығанағы[1] Óli qoltyq shyǵanaǵ; Russian: Мёртвый Култук) is a bay of the Caspian Sea in the coast of Kazakhstan, west of the Ustyurt desert.

The bay was known as 'Tsesarevich Bay' and then as 'Komsomolets Bay' in the past.[2] Durneva Island lies near the entrance to the Dead Kultuk.[3]

It had a distinct coastline in former times, but since the 1990s, with higher Caspian Sea levels, the water penetrates inland through the neck of the bay producing waterlogged marshes. Located at the mainland end of the bay, the Kaydak Inlet cuts deep into the coast extending east and then southwards. Nowadays both the bay and the inlet are filled with Caspian Sea water.[2] Currently there are oil fields in the area.[4]

Contents

Cartography


Owing to its special colour the Dead Kultuk is the bay which appears in early maps of the Caspian Sea as 'Blue Sea' (French: Mer Bleue in maps in that language).[5] The area was mapped by Fedor Ivanovich Soimonov during the Caspian Expedition, which surveyed the Caspian Sea from 1719 to 1727, but was not accurately described until G. S. Karelin did so in 1832.[2]

See also


References


  1. ^ "Маңғыстау облысының шолу картасы" (in Kazakh). Retrieved 2018-10-11.
  2. ^ a b c Igor S. Zonn, Aleksey N Kosarev, Michael H. Glantz & Andrey G. Kostianoy, The Caspian Sea Encyclopedia, p. 156
  3. ^ Ostrov Durneva
  4. ^ "Dunga and Dead Kultuk fields" . kmg2.isd.kz. 2012. Retrieved 2013-05-19.
  5. ^ Guillaume de Lisle, Carte des Pays voisins de la Mer Caspiene

External links









Categories: Bodies of water of Kazakhstan | Bays of the Caspian Sea | Bays of Europe | Bays of Asia | Kazakhstan geography stubs




Information as of: 10.07.2021 07:05:29 CEST

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