Diadema (sea urchin)


Diadema
Diadema setosum
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Echinodermata
Class: Echinoidea
Order: Diadematoida
Family: Diadematidae
Genus: Diadema
Gray, 1825[1]
Species

Diadema is a genus of sea urchins of the family Diadematidae.[1]

Contents

Characteristics


It is one of the most abundant, widespread, and ecologically important shallow water genera of tropical sea urchins. It is found in all tropical oceans, although is ubiquitous in the Indo-Pacific region, where it inhabits depths down to 70 m. However each species inhabits roughly separate areas of ocean.

Speciation within the genus can be difficult to confirm, partly due to hybridisation, which is at least known to occur between Diadema savignyi and Diadema setosum.

The species vary in types of sea bed they inhabit, with Diadema savignyi inhabiting sandy beds and back reef where damaged; while Diadema setosum can also commonly be found among seagrass.

Fossil record

The fossil record of Diadema is extremely poor, consisting only of spines that possibly belong to the genus, some of which go back to the Miocene, 5 to 25 million years ago.

Species list


According to World Register of Marine Species :

Image Scientific name Distribution
Diadema africanum (Rodríguez, Hernández, Clemente & Coppard, 2013) Western Africa
Diadema antillarum (Philippi, 1845) Gulf of Mexico
Diadema ascensionis (Mortensen, 1909) Central tropical Atlantic
Diadema mexicanum (Agassiz, 1863) West coast of tropical Americas
Diadema palmeri (Baker, 1967) South-west Pacific, especially New Zealand
Diadema paucispinum (Agassiz, 1863) Central Pacific, and possibly North Indian Ocean and other zones
Diadema savignyi (Michelin, 1845) Tropical Indo-Pacific
Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778) Tropical Indo-Pacific

Fossils

References


  1. ^ a b Kroh, A., Mooi, R. (2018). Kroh A, Mooi R (eds.). "Diadema Gray, 1825" . World Echinoidea Database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 8 November 2018.

Bibliography









Categories: Diadema (sea urchin) | Diadematidae | Echinoidea genera | Taxa named by John Edward Gray




Information as of: 20.06.2021 04:42:05 CEST

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