Diadema (sea urchin)
Diadema is a genus of sea urchins of the family Diadematidae.
It is one of the most abundant, widespread, and ecologically important shallow water genera of tropical sea urchins. It is found in all tropical oceans, although is ubiquitous in the Indo-Pacific region, where it inhabits depths down to 70 m. However each species inhabits roughly separate areas of ocean.
Speciation within the genus can be difficult to confirm, partly due to hybridisation, which is at least known to occur between Diadema savignyi and Diadema setosum.
The species vary in types of sea bed they inhabit, with Diadema savignyi inhabiting sandy beds and back reef where damaged; while Diadema setosum can also commonly be found among seagrass.
The fossil record of Diadema is extremely poor, consisting only of spines that possibly belong to the genus, some of which go back to the Miocene, 5 to 25 million years ago.
According to World Register of Marine Species :
||Diadema africanum (Rodríguez, Hernández, Clemente & Coppard, 2013)
||Diadema antillarum (Philippi, 1845)
||Gulf of Mexico
||Diadema ascensionis (Mortensen, 1909)
||Central tropical Atlantic
||Diadema mexicanum (Agassiz, 1863)
||West coast of tropical Americas
||Diadema palmeri (Baker, 1967)
||South-west Pacific, especially New Zealand
||Diadema paucispinum (Agassiz, 1863)
||Central Pacific, and possibly North Indian Ocean and other zones
||Diadema savignyi (Michelin, 1845)
||Diadema setosum (Leske, 1778)
- Diadema principeana Weisbord, 1934 † (fossil taxon, Eocene from Cuba)
- Diadema vetus Lambert, 1931c † ( fossil taxon, first appeared in the Miocene in North Africa)
Categories: Diadema (sea urchin) | Diadematidae | Echinoidea genera | Taxa named by John Edward Gray
Information as of:
20.06.2021 04:42:05 CEST
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