Emir - en.LinkFang.org

Emir


An emir (/əˈmɪər, ˈmɪər, ˈmɪər/; Arabic: أميرʾamīr [ʔaˈmiːr]), sometimes transliterated amir, amier, or ameer, can refer to a king or an aristocratic or noble and military title of high office used in a variety of places in the Arab countries, West Africa, Afghanistan and in the Indian subcontinent. The term has been widely used to denote a "commander", "general", or "leader" i.e. Amir al-Mu'min. The feminine form is emira (أميرة ʾamīrah). When translated as "prince", the word "emirate" is analogous to a sovereign principality. In contemporary usage, the term indicates to some Muslim head of states of Emirates or leaders of Islamic organisations.

Contents

Origins


Amir, meaning "lord" or "commander-in-chief", is derived from the Arabic root a-m-r, "command". Originally simply meaning "commander”, it came to be used as a title of leaders, governors, or rulers of smaller states. In modern Arabic the word is analogous to the title “Prince". The word entered English in 1593, from the French émir.[1] It was one of the titles or names of the Islamic prophet Muhammad.[citation needed]

Princely, ministerial and noble titles


Military ranks and titles


From the start, emir has been a military title. In the 9th century the term was used to denote a ruler of a state i.e. Italy's Emirate of Sicily.

In certain decimally-organized Muslim armies, Amir was an officer rank. For example, in Mughal India, the Amirs commanded 1000 horsemen (divided into ten units, each under a sipah salar), ten of them under one malik. In the imperial army of Qajar Persia:

The following posts referred to "amir" under medieval Muslim states include:

In the former Kingdom of Afghanistan, Amir-i-Kabir was a title meaning "great prince" or "great commander".

Muhammad Amin Bughra, Nur Ahmad Jan Bughra, and Abdullah Bughra declared themselves emirs of the First East Turkestan Republic.

Other uses


See also


Specific emirates of note

Notes


  1. ^ Harper, Douglas. "amir (n.)" . Online Etymology Dictionary. Retrieved 29 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Emir of Kuwait wraps up Gulf mediation visits - Qatar News - Al Jazeera" . www.aljazeera.com.
  3. ^ "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2018-01-15. Retrieved 2018-01-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ Brown, Holly; Hellewell, Matthew; Westbourne, Jessica; Farrow, James. A Life and Times of the Fotherington Family - First Edition . Lulu.com. ISBN 9781326732967 – via Google Books.[self-published source]
  5. ^ Amos, Deborah (1991). "Sheikh to Chic" . Mother Jones. p. 28. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  6. ^ "Saudi Arabia: HRH or HH? - American Bedu" . 7 August 2016. Archived from the original on 7 August 2016.
  7. ^ "Family Tree" . www.datarabia.com. Retrieved 7 December 2016.









Categories: Emirs | Arab military ranks | Arabic words and phrases in Sharia | Court titles | Executive ministers | Gubernatorial titles | Heads of state | Islamic honorifics | Military ranks | Noble titles | Ottoman titles | Religious leadership roles | Royal titles | Titles in Afghanistan | Titles in Iran | Titles in Pakistan | Titles of national or ethnic leadership




Information as of: 13.06.2020 06:45:00 CEST

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