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Emperor Kōmyō


Kōmyō
2nd Northern Emperor
ReignSeptember 20, 1336 – November 18, 1348
CoronationJanuary 19, 1338
PredecessorKōgon
SuccessorSukō
BornJanuary 11, 1322
DiedJuly 26, 1380 (aged 58)
FatherEmperor Go-Fushimi
MotherSaionji (Fujiwara) Neishi

Emperor Kōmyō (光明天皇, Kōmyō Tennō) (January 11, 1322 – July 26, 1380) was the second of the Emperors of Northern Court, although he was the first to be supported by the Ashikaga Bakufu. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1336 through 1348.[1]

Contents

Genealogy


His personal name was Yutahito (豊仁), second son of Emperor Go-Fushimi. His mother was Neishi (寧子), the daughter of Saionji Kinhira (西園寺公衡)

Events of Kōmyō's life


In his own lifetime, Kōmyō and those around him believed that he occupied the Chrysanthemum Throne from September 20, 1336 to November 18, 1348.

When Ashikaga Takauji rebelled against Emperor Go-Daigo's Kenmu Restoration and entered Kyōto in 1336, Go-Daigo fled to Enryaku-ji on Mount Hiei. Despite lacking the sacred treasures, Prince Yutahito was enthroned as emperor, beginning the Northern Court. On the 12th month, 21st day, Go-Daigo escaped to Yoshino, founding the Southern Court.

On November 18, 1348, he abdicated in favor of the eldest son of his older brother, the former claimant to the throne Emperor Kōgon, who became Emperor Sukō.

In April 1352, taking advantage of the Kan'ō Disturbance, a family feud in the Ashikaga clan, the Southern Emperor Emperor Go-Murakami entered Kyoto, capturing it and carrying away Kōmyō along with Emperor Kōgon, Emperor Sukō, and the Crown Prince Tadahito. They all ended up finally in Anau, the location of the Southern Court.[2]

In the Shōhei Reunification, Kōmyō and his companions were placed under house arrest in Yamato Province, in what is today the village of Nishiyoshino, Yoshino District, Nara. In 1355, returning to Kyōto, he entered a monastery.

Eras of Kōmyō's reign


The years of Kōmyō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[4]

Nanboku-chō Northern court
Nanboku-chō Southern court

Southern Court Rivals


Notes


  1. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 294–295.
  2. ^ Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. p. 88. ISBN 0804705259.
  3. ^ Titsingh, p. 315.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 294.

References


See also


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Kōgon
Northern Emperor
1336–1348
Succeeded by
Emperor Sukō








Categories: Japanese emperors | 1322 births | 1380 deaths | People of Nanboku-chō-period Japan | 1330s in Japan | 1340s in Japan | 14th-century Japanese monarchs








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