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Eva Mae Fleming Scott


Eva Mae Fleming Scott
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 17th district
In office
January 9, 1980 – January 11, 1984
Preceded byJames T. Edmunds
Succeeded byEdd Houck
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 31st district
In office
January 12, 1972 – November 1979
Preceded byJohn Warren Cooke
Succeeded byR. Beasley Jones
Personal details
Born
Eva Mae Fleming

May 6, 1926
Amelia County, Virginia, U.S.
DiedMarch 28, 2019 (aged 92)
Amelia County, Virginia
Political partyRepublican
Other political
affiliations
Independent (1971–1979)
Alma materLongwood College
Medical College of Virginia

Eva Mae Fleming Scott (May 6, 1926 – March 28, 2019) was an American pharmacist, businesswoman and politician from Virginia. Despite redistricting problems, she served four consecutive two-year terms as delegate in the Virginia General Assembly. In 1979 she became the first woman elected to the Virginia State Senate, where she served a single term.[1][2]

Contents

Early and family life


Scott was a native of Amelia County, Virginia, and lived there for most of her life.[3] From a Republican family – her father was the chairman of the Amelia County Republican Party[4] – she attended Longwood College, graduating with a degree in English and Communications and a minor in business in 1947. She then attended the pharmacy school of the Medical College of Virginia before returning to Amelia and opening a pharmacy.[3] She married local businessman Leander Scott, and had five children with him.[3]

Political career


Scott first won election to the Virginia House of Delegates in 1971, running as an independent after her predecessor had suffered a stroke. She had six weeks to campaign, and won by 121 votes.[4] She was reelected three times, serving a total of four two-year terms. Soon after her first victory redistricting based on the 1970 census happened. Scott and her family moved to Dinwiddie County, since her Amelia County residence was no longer within the district that had elected her.[3]

Scott once described herself as "a real conservative. Conservative first. Republican second."[4] She became noted during her time as a delegate for her belief in limited government and free enterprise, and expressed her opposition to abortion and the Equal Rights Amendment.[3] Scott limited the amounts she would allow people to contribute to her campaigns, fearing that otherwise she might become indebted to those who gave her money and would compromise her beliefs.[4] Over her three terms in the House, Scott served on a number of committees, including Militia and Police, Counties Cities and Towns, Labor and Commerce, and Roads and Internal Navigation.[5][6][7]

Redistricted out of her House of Delegates district again,[4] Scott chose to run for the Virginia State Senate in 1979. She won the Republican nomination, and narrowly defeated the incumbent.[3] She served only one four-year term, choosing not to run for reelection in 1983 when the boundaries of her Senate district changed.[3] Scott later stated that she was not aware of any discrimination while serving in the Senate, even if it was present.[4]

Following her retirement from elective office, Scott remained active in conservative causes and the local Republican Party. She also helped operate her family's lumber business.[3] She stated that she felt obligated to continue her career in public service, as the electorate trusted her enough to elect her to office.[4] She expressed support for the Tea Party movement.[4] She was a Baptist.[5]

The Library of Virginia named Scott one of the Virginia Women in History in 2013.[3]

Death


Scott died on March 28, 2019, aged 92.[2][8]

See also


References


  1. ^ "Virginia Women in History 2013 Eva Mae Fleming Scott" . Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b "Scott, Eva" . Richmond Times-Dispatch. March 31, 2019. Retrieved April 1, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Virginia Women in History 2013 Eva Mae Fleming Scott" . virginia.gov. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Lydia Freeman. ""Something to Burn For": Interview with Eva Scott" (PDF). Virginia Capital Connections Quarterly. Retrieved 8 September 2015.
  5. ^ a b Legislative profile from the 1972 session of the Virginia House of Delegates
  6. ^ Legislative profile from the 1974 session of the Virginia House of Delegates
  7. ^ Legislative profile from the 1979 session of the Virginia House of Delegates
  8. ^ Gorman, Sean (March 31, 2019). "Eva Mae Scott, first woman elected to the Va. Senate, dies at age 92" . Richmond Times-Dispatch. Retrieved April 1, 2019.








Categories: 1926 births | 2019 deaths | American pharmacists | Members of the Virginia House of Delegates | Virginia state senators | Women state legislators in Virginia | Virginia Independents | Virginia Republicans | Longwood University alumni | Medical College of Virginia alumni | People from Amelia County, Virginia | Businesspeople from Virginia | 20th-century American politicians | 20th-century American women politicians | Baptists from Virginia | 20th-century American businesspeople | 20th-century businesswomen | Women pharmacists








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