Finno-Ugric countries -

Finno-Ugric countries

Finno-Ugric countries is a term used for the three independent nation states with a Finno-Ugric national majority:[1] Finland and Estonia which are Finnic, and Hungary which is Magyar.

The Finno-Ugric countries work together in funding Finno-Ugric research and protecting the minority rights of other Finno-Ugric nations without their own sovereign states.[2] The three countries are also represented as Finno-Ugric countries in the Finno-Ugric Congress [3][4]


Modern entities

Independent sovereign states


Name Capital Founded
 Finland Helsinki 6 December 1917
 Estonia Tallinn 24 February 1918


Name Capital Founded
 Hungary Budapest c. 895

Countries where Finno-Ugric languages have special status


Name Capital Language(s)
 Latvia Riga Livonian
 Norway Oslo Sami and Kven
 Sweden Stockholm Finnish, Meänkieli and Sami


Name Capital Language(s)
 Croatia Zagreb Hungarian
 Romania Bucharest Hungarian

Provinces and autonomous regions

Country Region Administrative center Founded
 Austria  Burgenland Eisenstadt Unknown
 Finland Sami native region Sajos 9 November 1973
 Norway  Finnmark Vadsø Unknown
 Troms Tromsø Unknown
 Nordland Bodø Unknown
 Trøndelag Trondheim Unknown
 Russia  Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug Khanty-Mansiysk 10 December 1930
 Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug Salekhard 10 December 1930
 Komi Republic Syktyvkar 5 December 1936
 Perm Krai Perm 1 December 2005
 Udmurtia Izhevsk 28 December 1934
 Mari El Yoshkar-Ola 5 December 1936
 Mordovia Saransk 20 December 1934
Karelia Republic Petrozavodsk 16 July 1956
 Serbia  Vojvodina Novi Sad 1944
 Slovenia Prekmurje Murska Sobota Unknown
 Sweden Norrbotten County Luleå 1810
 Ukraine Mukacheve Raion Mukacheve 9 November 1953

Historical states and dynasties

Finnic states

Hungarian states

Name Year(s) Capital Map
Hétmagyar confederation 9th century Unknown
Principality of Hungary 895–1000 Esztergom and Székesfehérvár
Árpád Kingdom 1000–1301 Esztergom and Székesfehérvár
Kingdom of Hungary (1301–1526) 1301–1526 Esztergom, Székesfehérvár and Buda
Eastern Hungarian Kingdom
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
Buda (1526–41)
Lippa (1541–42)
Gyulafehérvár (1542–70)
Habsburg Kingdom of Hungary
(since 1804 crownland of the  Austrian Empire)
1526–1867 Buda (1526–1536, 1784–1873)
Pressburg (1536–1783)
Principality of Transylvania (1570–1711)
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
1570–1711 Gyulafehérvár (1570–1692)
Nagyszeben (1692–1711)
Principality of Upper Hungary
(vassal under  Ottoman Empire)
1682–1685 Kassa
Grand Principality of Transylvania
(since 1804 part of the  Austrian Empire)
1711–1867 Nagyszeben (1711–1791, 1848–1861)
Kolozsvár (1791–1848, 1861–1867)
Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen
(part of  Austria-Hungary)
1867–1918 Budapest

Post-World War I states

Name Year(s) Capital Map
Soviet Republic of Naissaar 1917–1918 Obernargen
Kingdom of Finland 1918–1919 Helsinki
Finnish Socialist Workers' Republic 1918 Helsinki
Estonia (1918–40) 1918–40 Tallinn
Republic of East Karelia 1918–1920 Uhtua
 First Hungarian Republic 1918–1919 Budapest
Banat Republic 1918–1919 Timișoara
Estonian Worker's Commune 1918–1919 Narva
North Ingria 1919–1920 Kirjasalo
 Hungarian Soviet Republic 1919 Budapest
 Hungarian Republic (1919–20) 1919–1920 Budapest
 Kingdom of Hungary (1920–46) 1920–1946 Budapest
Banate of Leitha 1921 Oberwart
Finnish Democratic Republic 1939–1940 Terijoki
 Second Hungarian Republic 1946–1949 Budapest
 Hungarian People's Republic 1949–1989 Budapest

Autonomous regions

Name Year(s) Capital Map
Autonomous Governorate of Estonia
(under  Russian Republic)
1917–1918 Tallinn
Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
Mordovian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1934–1990 Saransk
Udmurt Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1934–1990 Izhevsk
Komi Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1936–1990 Syktyvkar
Mari Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1936–1990 Yoshkar-Ola
Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1940–1956 Petrozavodsk
 Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
(under  Soviet Union)
1940–1991 Tallinn
Socialist Autonomous Province of Vojvodina
(under  Yugoslavia)
1944–1992 Novi Sad
Magyar Autonomous Region
(under  Romania)
1952–1968 Târgu Mureș
Veps National Volost
(under  Russia)
1994–2004 Shyoltozero


  1. ^ Korkut, Umut (21 April 2009). "Eager, Pragmatic or Reluctant: Can Common Finno-Ugric Ethnic and Linguistic Links Substantiate Intra-EU CFSP Co-Operation?" . Retrieved 20 February 2018 – via
  2. ^ Casen, Marie (30 June 2014). "Udmurt Identity Issues: Core Moments from the Middle Ages to the Present Day" . Journal of Ethnology and Folkloristics. 8 (1): 91–110. Retrieved 20 February 2018 – via
  3. ^ Ruotsala, Helena (20 February 2018). "X Finno-Ugric Congress in Mari El" . Ethnologia Fennica. 32: 74–76. Retrieved 20 February 2018 – via
  4. ^ "FennoUgria: World Congresses" . Retrieved 20 February 2018.

Categories: Finno-Ugric peoples | Country classifications | Europe geography stubs

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