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Francis J. Bradley




Francis J. Bradley (born 15 January 1926) is an American health physicist, writer and founding member of the Health Physics Society.

Contents

Life and times


Francis J. "Frank" Bradley was born on 15 January 1926 in New York City, Queens County, New York. Bradley’s father was a New York City fireman. The Bradley family lived in Corona, Queens New York. Bradley worked his way up to the rank of sergeant in the U.S. Army Air Force pulling duty as a gunner aboard a B-29 bomber and served in the Pacific Theater of Operations during World War II. Bradley graduated in 1949 from Manhattan College with a degree in electrical engineering.[1]

AEC Fellowship


In June 1949 Bradley applied for the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) Fellowship in Radiological Physics and passed the examination administered at Columbia University.[1] While taking the exam he met Herman Cember. Bradley and Cember passed the test but were delayed in starting the Fellowship as they waited for their Q clearance to be completed.[1]

Oak Ridge and Elda E. Anderson


Bradley began his career in health physics and radiological protection when he received an Atomic Energy Commission Fellowship grant in Radiological Physics at Oak Ridge National Laboratory.[2] At Oak Ridge he started in the second class of Elda E. Anderson with students that included: Herman Cember, Allen Brodsky and Lester Rogers.[3]

Ohio State University


Francis J. Bradley went on to the Ohio State University responsible for Radiation Inspection as the Superintendent of Radiation Safety effective 25 May 1953 with an annual salary of $6,324.00.[4][5] While at Ohio State, Bradley became a Fallout Shelter Analysis Instructor at the University of Pennsylvania.[6]

New York State


In 1977 Bradley held the position of Principal Radiophysicist, Division of Safety & Health, New York State Department of Labor.[7] Bradley spent 20 years with the New York State Department of Labor, Radiological Health Unit as the Principle Radiophysicist.[8] Bradley was the ANSI N43 Representative for the American Public Health Association in 1985.[9]

Health Physics Society


In 1955 while Superintendent of Radiation Safety at Ohio State University Bradley organized the initial conference of health physicists and from this meeting the Health Physics Society was formed with Karl Z. Morgan as President, Frederick P. Cowan as Vice President, and Elda E. Anderson as Secretary/Treasurer.[10] In the midyear issue of Science the announcement came of the formation new national scientific organization for health physicists at the 3 day Health Physics Conference at Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio on 14 June 1955.[11][12]

In the midyear issue of Science the announcement came of the formation new national scientific organization for health physicists at the 3 day Health Physics Conference at Ohio State University in Columbus, Ohio on 14 June 1955.[14] The organization was temporarily named "Health Physics Society", and Karl Z. Morgan of the Health Physics Division of Oak Ridge National Laboratory was elected interim president. Other interim officers are:

First Board of Directors

Talks regarding the formation of a professional society had been ongoing for several years. The health physicists had decided to form an independent organization rather than attach to an existing group.
Directors of the Health Physics Society included:

International Atomic Energy Agency


In 1961 Bradley worked for the International Atomic Energy Agency and went to Turkey and assisted with the establishment of a national radiation control program for the 1 MW nuclear reactor at Çekmece Nuclear Research and Training Center that went critical on 27 May 1962. Bradley next went to Taiwan to help develop the radiation safety program for the country’s first reactor.

Project Long Shot and Vela Project


Bradley was involved with Project Long Shot, the underground nuclear tests on Amchitka Island that is part of the Aleutian Islands. In 1965 as part of Vela Project he conducted radiological measurements and performed environmental sampling.[1]

References


  1. ^ a b c d e Cember, H. (June 1989) 1988 Founders Award presented to Francis J. Bradley. Health Physics. 56(6): 811-2.
  2. ^ a b Pratt, Rose Marie. (June 2001). Frank Bradley is Thirty-Eighth Failla Memorial Award Lecturer, Greater New York Chapter, HPS Newsletter. XXIX(6): 14.
  3. ^ Sicherman, Barbara, and Carol Hurd Green (1980). Notable American Women: The Modern Period. Harvard University Press.
  4. ^ http://trustees.osu.edu/assets/files/minutes/Archive%20minutes/1953-1956.pdf
  5. ^ Ryan, Michael T. and Poston, Sr., John W. (2006). A Half Century of Health Physics: 50th Anniversary of the Health Physics Society. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
  6. ^ http://www.jumpjet.info/Emergency-Preparedness/Emergency-Shelters/Radiation-Shelter/Architect_&_Engineering_Activities_in_Shelter_Development.pdf
  7. ^ "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 2008-07-23. Retrieved 2015-06-07.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ Pitt, David E. (21 November 1987). Radiation Level Is Cut Outside Plant in Queens. New York Times.
  9. ^ Oppermann, H.V. (1985). State Weights and Measures Laboratories. U.S. Department of Commerce, National Bureau of Standards. Washington, D.C.
  10. ^ Walchuk, Mary. (June 2005). The Birth of the HPS: A Look Back. HPS News. XXXIII(6): 1-8.
  11. ^ "News of Science". Science. 122 (15 July 1955): 112–117. 15 July 1955. Bibcode:1955Sci...122..112W . doi:10.1126/science.122.3159.112 .
  12. ^ Bronson, Frazier L. (July 1996). From the ABHP Attic. HPS Newsletter. Health Physics Society.
  13. ^ Failla Memorial Lecture. (2000). Francis J. Bradley. Radiological and Medical Physics Association, and the Greater New York Chapter of the Health Physics Society. New York, NY.
  14. ^ "News of Science". Science. 122 (15 July 1955): 112–117. 15 July 1955. Bibcode:1955Sci...122..112W . doi:10.1126/science.122.3159.112 .
  15. ^ Official Register of the United States, 1952. U.S. Civil Service Commission, Washington, D.C.








Categories: Health physicists | 1926 births | Living people | Health Physics Society | People from Corona, Queens | Scientists from New York City | Manhattan College alumni | American electrical engineers








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