G9211 Ningbo–Zhoushan Expressway - en.LinkFang.org

G9211 Ningbo–Zhoushan Expressway


Ningbo–Zhoushan Expressway
宁波-舟山高速公路
Yongzhou Expressway
甬舟高速公路
Route information
Auxiliary route of G92
Length68 km (42 mi)
Major junctions
West end G15 Shenyang–Haikou Expressway
G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway
G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway, Jiangbei District, Ningbo, Zhejiang
(Concurrency sections)
  G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway, Zhenhai District, Ningbo, Zhejiang
East end China National Highway 329, Zhoushan, Zhejiang
Highway system
National Trunk Highway System
G92G9221

The Ningbo−Zhoushan Expressway (simplified Chinese: 宁波−舟山高速公路; traditional Chinese: 寧波−舟山高速公路), commonly referred to as the Yongzhou Expressway (Chinese: 甬舟高速公路) is an expressway in Zhejiang, China which links Ningbo to Zhoushan. In the National Trunk Highway System (NTHS) in China, the number of this highway is G9211.

The expressway derives its name from the combination of two one-character Chinese abbreviations of both Ningbo and Zhoushan (Ningbo−Yong, Zhoushan−Zhou). Starting from the Qianyang hub on the G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway and ending on the National Highway G329 at Yadanshan Dock, the road can be divided into two parts. The first section which was opened to traffic at the end of 2010, starts from the Qianyang hub and ends at the Jiaochuan hub, which is shared with the G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway. The second section starts from the Jiaochuan hub and ends at the Yadanshan Dock. It contains 5 cross-sea bridges, and was opened to traffic on December 25, 2009.[1]

Contents

Construction history


The section from Jiaochuan to Yadanshan was called The Project Connecting Zhoushan Islands and Mainland, which have a length of 48 kilometers, the largest project that connects islands with mainland in China.[2] The first phase of the project began construction in September 1999 and open to traffic on January 1, 2006. It comprises three bridges: Cengang Bridge, Xiangjiaomen Bridge and Taoyaomen Bridge. The second phase was endorsed by NDRC in China and began construction on May 20. On December 25, 2009, both phases was open to traffic.[3] The section from Qianyang to Baoguosi have a length of 7 kilometers, began construction in 2005[4] and finished in December 26, 2007.[5] The section from Baoguosi to Jiaochuanhave a length of 13 kilometers, began construction on February 27, 2008[6] and finished in the end of 2010.[7]

Cross-sea bridges


Yongzhou Expressway comprises 5 cross-sea bridges connecting Zhoushan Island, Lidiao Island, Fuchi Island, Cezi Island, Jintang Island and the mainland. Jintang Bridge is the third longest cross-sea bridge in China, after Hangzhou Bay Bridge and Donghai Bridge. It is also the longest cable-stayed bridge built on the sea. Xihoumen Bridge is the second longest suspension bridge in the world, after the Akashi-Kaikyo Bridge in Japan.

Cengang bridge

Cengang bridge is the first bridge in the project. Crossing Cengang waterway, the bridge connects Zhoushan Island with Lidiao Island. The length of the bridge is 793 meters and the bridge has 4 lanes of traffic.[8]

Xiangjiaomen Bridge

Xiangjiaomen Bridge, the second bridge in the project, crosses Xiangjiaomen waterway. The bridge connects Lidiao Island with Fuchi Island. With a length of 951 meters and four lanes of traffic, the bridge has a span of 150 meters. Ships of up to 500 tons of displacement can navigate under the bridge safely.[9]

Taoyaomen Bridge

Taoyaomen Bridge is the third bridge in the project. Ships of up to 2000 tons of displacement can navigate under the bridge safely.[10]

Xihoumen Bridge

Xihoumen Bridge is the fourth bridge in the project. The construction work began on May, 2004. The bridge is designed as a suspension bridge and it has the second longest span in the world. Ships of up to 30000 tons of displacement can go navigate under the bridge safely.[11]

Jintang Bridge

Jintang Bridge, the fifth in order is the longest in length of all the bridges in the project. The length of the bridge is 18.5 kilometers. It is the third longest cross-sea bridge built in China. Major ships pass in between the two 620 meter high bridge towers. Ships of up to 50000 tons of displacement can navigate under the bridge safely.[12]

Accidents involving ships


Bridges in Yongzhou Expressway are built on straits near the Port of Ningbo, where there is a high volume of sea traffic. Three collisions occurred during the construction of the expressway. On March 28, 2008, a cargo ship registered in Taizhou collided with Jintang Bridge. Part of the bridge was destroyed and four people were killed by falling debris.[13] On January 6, 2009, a construction ship registered in Lianyungang collided with the Taoyaomen Bridge, however, there was no significant damage.[14] On November 16, a ship from South Korea collided with the Jintang Bridge. Though the damage was only minor, the accident delayed the opening of the expressway from November 22 until December 25.[15]

Controversies


Island entrance fee

After the expressway was opened to traffic, every vehicle traveling on the expressway from Jiaochuan to Zhoushan was required to pay RMB 10 as the Zhoushan Island Vehicle Fee (also called island entrance fee by local residents). It raised disputes in Zhoushan. The administrators state that this fee is used for compensating the construction expenditure of roads in Zhoushan, especially the expressway.[16] As of June 2010, Zhoushan residents are free from this toll, but vehicles from other regions still need to pay the fee.[17]

Speed limitations

Given the road condition, the speed limitation from Zhoushan to Lidiao toll gate is 60 km/h while the speed limitation from Lidiao to Cezi toll gate is 80 km/h,[18] which also raises dispute because of the high toll.[19] It is said that the expressway is now under maintenance for higher speed.[20]

Route


Location km Number Name Destination Notes
Dinghai District,
Zhoushan
0 (1) Zhoushan (舟山)
Also known as
Shaungqiao (双桥)
National Highway 329
11 (2) Cengang (岑港) Xicen Line Only available for vehicles heading to Ningbo. No exits available.
12 (3) Lidiao Island (里钓) Cengang Bridge connects Cengang and Lidiao Island. Only available for vehicles coming from Ningbo direction (exit) or heading to Ningbo (entrance).
13 (4) Fuchi Island (富翅) Xiangjiaomen Bridge connects Lidiao Island and Fuchi Island
13 (5) Cezi (册子) Beitao Line Taoyaomen Bridge connects Fuchi Island and Cezi Island
16 (6) Jintang (金塘) Dongdong Line Xihoumen Bridge connects Cezi Island and Jintang
16 Jintang Service Area (金塘服务区) Jitang Service Area locates outside the toll area of the expressway. It provides a panoramic view of Xihoumen Bridge as well as a museum exhibiting the construction process and techniques used in building these cross-sea bridges.
20 (7) Ligang (沥港) Road towards Jintang Harbor
Zhenhai District,
Ningbo
48 (8) Jiaochuan (蛟川)  Ningbo Ring Expressway
East Outer Ring Road
Zhenhai Avenue
Jintang Bridge connects Jiaochuan and Ligang. Concurrency with G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway starts in this station.
54 (9) Shahe (沙河) Century Avenue
54 Zhenhai Service Area (镇海服务区) Zhenhai Service Area and Shahe exit shares one exit.
58 (10) Jiulong Lake (九龙湖) Jiulong Avenue
Jiangbei District,
Ningbo
61 (11) Baoguo Temple Ningbo Airport Highway (unbuilt)
68 (12) Ningbo North (宁波北)
Also known as
Qianyang (前洋)
 Shenhai Expressway
 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway
 Ningbo Ring Expressway
North Outer Ring Road
Concurrency with G1501 Ningbo Ring Expressway ends in this station. This station also concurrent with G15 Shenyang-Haikou Expressway and G92 Hangzhou Bay Ring Expressway.
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

References


  1. ^ (Chinese) 高速公路名称和路牌要改了 本网特制高速出行宝典
  2. ^ (Chinese) 中国规模最大岛陆联络工程 舟山跨海大桥通车
  3. ^ (Chinese) 架千岛彩虹 建连岛大桥 Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ (Chinese) “宁波绕城”80%资金撤了 北仑港高速成了负面典型 Archived 2011-07-20 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ (Chinese) 宁波绕城高速公路西段正式建成通车
  6. ^ (Chinese) 宁波绕城高速公路东段工程暨甬江特大桥开工典礼隆重举行 [permanent dead link]
  7. ^ (Chinese) 舟山跨海大桥与宁波绕城高速年底连接
  8. ^ (Chinese) 岑港大桥 Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  9. ^ (Chinese) 响礁门大桥:卧于蓝天碧水间的“蛟龙”
  10. ^ (Chinese) 天堑通途---桃夭门大桥 Archived 2011-07-18 at the Wayback Machine
  11. ^ (Chinese) 西堠门大桥:世界最大跨径钢箱梁悬索桥
  12. ^ (Chinese) 金塘大桥:位于外海的世界最大跨径斜拉桥
  13. ^ (Chinese) 浙江宁波在建大桥被货轮撞塌4人失踪
  14. ^ (Chinese) 桃夭门大桥遭一违规行驶工程船擦碰 尚不影响大桥正常运行
  15. ^ (Chinese) 浙江舟山跨海大桥因擦碰事故推迟试通车
  16. ^ (Chinese) 市民热议“进岛费”部门快速回应
  17. ^ (Chinese) 金塘等四岛居民家用自备车进舟山本岛将免缴“进岛费”
  18. ^ (Chinese) 舟山跨海大桥行车安全6项提示发布 限速设置明确 Archived 2012-03-07 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ (Chinese) (论坛来源)强烈鄙视舟山跨海大桥限速60码!
  20. ^ (Chinese) 为车辆通行提速 跨海大桥护栏改造 Archived 2011-07-07 at the Wayback Machine









Categories: Chinese national-level expressways | Expressways in Zhejiang | Zhoushan | Transport in Ningbo




Information as of: 06.07.2020 04:58:30 CEST

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