Glossary of climbing terms
This glossary of climbing terms is a list of definitions of terms and jargon related to rock climbing and mountaineering. The specific terms used can vary considerably between different English-speaking countries; many of the phrases described here are particular to the United States and the United Kingdom.
- Abalakov thread
- A type of abseiling point used especially in winter and ice climbing.
- ablation zone
- The area of a glacier where annual melting meets or exceeds annual accumulation of snowfall.
- The process by which a climber descends a fixed rope.
- A climbing game, played indoors, where climbers take turns creating a route, usually adding two moves at a time. Climbers usually play until they reach a certain number of falls.
- A thin blade mounted perpendicular to the handle on an ice axe that can be used for chopping footholds in snow or ice.
- aid climbing
- Any style of climbing in which standing on or pulling oneself up via devices attached to fixed or placed protection is used to make upward progress.
- See etrier.
- alpine climbing
- Generally, any climbing that is done in the mountains, especially mountaineering. May include a mixture of ice climbing and dry-tooling. To climb "alpine style" generally means carrying all of one's gear in a backpack, even for multi-day climbs.
- Alpine cock ring (ACR)
- An anchor method similar to a cordelette but that is dynamically equalizing. It employs a cord and a rappel ring.
- alpine knee
- To use one's knee as a way to gain ground on a climb. Examples include the "'expansion knee,' by which the climber would overcome the lack of a piton large enough to fit a broad crack in the rock by inserting his knee into the crack, bending the leg to anchor, and hoisting himself up to a level where a piton might be inserted."
- alpine start
- To make an efficient start on a long climb by packing all gear the previous evening and starting early in the morning, usually well before sunrise.
- American death triangle
- An anchor which is created by connecting a closed loop of cord or webbing between two points of protection, and then suspending the rope from a carabiner clipped to only one strand of said anchor. This creates a triangular shape in the webbing or cord, which places massively multiplied inward forces on the protection, making it a dangerous, ineffective anchor.
- An arrangement of one or (usually) more pieces of gear set up to support the weight of a belay or top rope.
- The path or route to the base of a technical climb. Although this is generally a walk or, at most, a scramble, it is occasionally as hazardous as the climb itself. Special shoes called approach shoes are often preferred over climbing shoes for an approach.
- 1. A small ridge-like feature or a sharp outward-facing corner on a steep rock face.
- 2. A narrow ridge of rock formed by glacial erosion.
- 3. A method of indoor climbing in which one is able to use such a corner as a hold. See also dihedral.
- arm bar
- A technique in which a climber jams an arm into a crack and locks it into place.
- (from the French word meaning arched) Used to describe crimping. In this position, typically the first set of knuckles are hyperextended and the second have a sharp angle of about 90 degrees. This combines muscular effort with soft tissue tensions in order to apply the load. When used often, this position has been known to over-stress the tendons in fingers and lead to injuries.
- To climb a rope using an aid device.
- A device for ascending a rope.
- The geographical direction which a particular slope or rock wall faces, e.g. "north aspect".
- A proprietary belay device manufactured by Black Diamond. The term has become generic for any tubular belay device. ATC originally stood for "air traffic controller".
- automatic belay
- A fast method for setting up a two-point anchor in sport climbing, using the climbing rope to attach to the anchor points.
Categories: Climbing | Wikipedia glossaries | Climbing techniques
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11.06.2021 10:42:30 CEST
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