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Haichao Temple


Haichao Temple
海潮寺
Religion
AffiliationBuddhism
SectChan Buddhism
Location
LocationShangcheng District, Hangzhou, Zhejiang
CountryChina
Geographic coordinates
Architecture
StyleChinese architecture
Date establishedWanli period (1573–1620)

Haichao Temple (Chinese: 海潮寺; pinyin: Hǎicháo Sì) is a Buddhist temple located in Shangcheng District of Hangzhou, Zhejiang. Alongside Lingyin Temple, Jing Temple and Zhaoqing Temple, it was one of the Four Buddhist Temples in Hangzhou.[1][2]

History


Haichao Temple was originally built in the Wanli period (1573–1620) of the Ming dynasty (1368–1644).[3] Haichao Temple was gradually fell into ruin when the Manchu invasion in the mid-17th century. The Bell Tower and Guanyin Hall were added to the temple in 1829, during the reign of Daoguang Emperor in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). Haichao Temple was badly damaged in the Taiping Rebellion in 1861. It was renovated and refurbished in 1864. In 1881, abbot Puzhao (普照) built the Buddhist Texts Library for collecting a set of Chinese Buddhist canon, which was granted by Guangxu Emperor.

After the Second Sino-Japanese War broke out, it was used as the First Provisional Assistant Hospital of Zhejiang Province. In 1958, it became a rubber plant, which was officially called Zhongce Rubber Co., Ltd. (中策橡胶有限公司) in 1992. In 2016, the Hangzhou government planned to rebuild the temple on its original site.[4]

In July 2000, it was inscribed as a municipal level cultural relic conservation unit by the Hangzhou government.

Architecture


The temple formerly had many halls and rooms and now only the Hall of Four Heavenly Kings survived. The Hall of Four Heavenly Kings was built in 1890, during the ruling of Guangxu Emperor in late Qing dynasty (1644–1911).

References


  1. ^ 海潮寺——城南有名刹 . hangzhou.com.cn (in Chinese). 3 November 2013. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  2. ^ 杭州海潮寺复建 还要打造杭版太古里(图) . sina (in Chinese). 17 February 2017. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
  3. ^ Zheng Yun (郑沄) (2009). 乾隆杭州府志 [Hangzhou Prefecture Records] (in Chinese). Beijing: Zhong Hua Book Company. ISBN 9787101060881. 海潮寺在永昌门外,明万历间建,太监张随奏请今额。
  4. ^ Zhou Danhong (周丹红) (18 February 2016). 杭州最大旧城望江地块将"脱胎换骨"并复建海潮寺 . zjol.com.cn (in Chinese). Retrieved 12 October 2019.








Categories: Buddhist temples in Zhejiang | Buildings and structures in Hangzhou | Tourist attractions in Hangzhou | 19th-century establishments in China | 19th-century Buddhist temples








Information as of: 23.07.2020 09:26:16 CEST

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