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Hangchow University

Hangchow University
Traditional Chinese之江大學
Simplified Chinese之江大学

Hangchow University, also known by its Chinese name Zhijiang University, was a Protestant missionary university in Hangzhou (Hangchow), Zhejiang, China. It is now part of Zhejiang University, and its former campus is a major nationally protected historic site of China.[1]



The university campus is located in Hangzhou, Zhejiang, close to the Qiantang River and the Liuhe Pagoda. The site is now the Zhijiang Campus of Zhejiang University. It became a national key historic site mainly due to its precious architectures of the Republic of China era (1912–1949), which has a special combination of both the Western and Chinese architectural styles.


The Hangchow University (not to be confused with the later Hangzhou University) was also a root of current modern Zhejiang University. It was one of the thirteen most well-known Protestant universities in China.

The history of Hangchow University can be traced back to 1845. A minister]named Divie Bethune McCartee of American Presbyterians (North, PN) first founded the Ningpo Boy’s Academy / Boarding School (simplified Chinese: 崇信义塾; traditional Chinese: 崇信義塾; pinyin: Chóng xìnyì shú; lit.: 'Public School of Esteeming Faith') in Ningbo (Ningpo), Zhejiang. In 1867, the school was moved into Hangzhou and changed its name into Hangchow Presbyterian Boys' School (simplified Chinese: 育英义塾; traditional Chinese: 育英義塾; pinyin: Yùyīng yìshú; lit.: 'Public School for Educating Elites').

1897, the school opened courses for higher education, and became a college, named Hangchow Presbyterian College (simplified Chinese: 育英书院; traditional Chinese: 育英書院). 1914, its name was changed into Hangchow Christian College (simplified Chinese: 之江大学; traditional Chinese: 之江大學). 1909, the Presbyterian Church in the United States also participated in the college's daily operation. During the Northern Expedition (1926–1927) period, the college was ceased for a while. 1931, the government renamed the college as the (Private) Hangchow College of Sciences and Humanities (simplified Chinese: 私立之江文理学院; traditional Chinese: 私立之江文理學院), because the college itself only had two branches - science and literature, at that time. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the college moved through numerous places to avoid the Japanese invasion and military campaign, including Tunxi (in Anhui), Shanghai, Shaowu (in Fujian), Guiyang, Chongqing (the wartime capital of China), etc. 1948, the college had two more faculties of engineering and business, and was promoted into the university status, named Hangchow University.

After setting up of the People's Republic of China, in 1951, the university was handed over to the Zhejiang Provincial Government, and all the American teachers were sent back to United States. 1952, the Adjustment for University Colleges and Departments (simplified Chinese: 中国高校院系调整; traditional Chinese: 中國高校院系調整) started, and the most part of Hangchow University was merged into Zhejiang University.[2]

Schools and Departments

Notable alumni



  1. ^ "Former Zhijiang University" (in Chinese). Zhejiang Province Bureau of Cultural Relics.
  2. ^ 之江大学 Baidu encyclopedia: Zhejiang University (in Chinese)

Categories: Universities and colleges in Zhejiang | Educational institutions established in 1845 | Education in Hangzhou | Zhejiang University | Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Zhejiang | Defunct universities and colleges in China | Education in Ningbo | Protestant missionaries in China | Christian colleges in China

Information as of: 04.07.2020 01:57:30 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

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