Hangzhou Metro


Hangzhou Metro
Overview
OwnerCity of Hangzhou
LocaleHangzhou, Zhejiang, China
Transit typeRapid transit
Number of lines7
Number of stations165
Daily ridership2,170,000 (November 2020 avg.)
3,285,100 (30 April 2021, Peak)[1]
Operation
Began operationNovember 24, 2012; 8 years ago
Operator(s)Hangzhou Metro Corporation (Line 2, Line 4, Line 6, Line 7, Line 16)
MTR Corporation (Hangzhou) (Line 1, Line 5)
Technical
System length306 km (190 mi)
Track gauge1,435 mm (4 ft 8+12 in)
System map

Hangzhou Metro
Simplified Chinese杭州地铁
Traditional Chinese杭州地鐵

The Hangzhou Metro (Chinese: 杭州地铁) is a rapid transit system that serves Hangzhou in Zhejiang province, China. The system opened on November 24, 2012.[2] It is the 17th city in China to operate a rapid transit system.

Contents

Network


Line Terminals
(District)
Commencement Newest
Extension
Length
km
Stations Operator
 1  Xianghu
(Xiaoshan)
Xiaoshan International Airport (Xiaoshan)
Linping (Yuhang)
2012 2020 64.3 39
 2  Chaoyang
(Xiaoshan)
Liangzhu
(Yuhang)
2014 2017 43.3[3] 33
 4  Pengbu
(Jianggan)
Puyan
(Binjiang)
2015 2018 20.8 18
 5  Jinxing
(Yuhang)
Guniangqiao
(Xiaoshan)
2019 2020 53.9 38
 6  Qianjiang Century City
(Xiaoshan)
West Guihua Road (Fuyang)
Shuangpu (Xihu)
2020 49.7 30
 7  Jiangdong'er Road
(Xiaoshan)
Olympic Sports Center
(Xiaoshan)
2020 39.3 19
 16  Lvting Road
(Yuhang)
Jiuzhou Street
(Lin'an)
2020 35.1[4] 12
Total 306 165

There are currently 7 lines in operation. Line 1 is an arc-shaped line, begins in Xiaoshan, stretches across downtown Hangzhou[5] after crossing the Qiantang River and ends in Xiasha, with a branch line branching off the main line at Coach Center station and ending in Linping. Line 2 links the Xiaoshan Industrial Park in the southeast with the city center and Xihu District in the northwest. Line 4 complements Line 1 in downtown Hangzhou, stretching in a north-south direction from Pengbu to Puyan.

The Hangzhou Metro has the only metro system map in China whose first seven lines follow the hue order of the rainbow colors. [6]

History


Initial plans

The planning for a metro system in the city started in the 1990s and was about to start construction works in September 2003, but the State Council suspended construction works due to increasing costs. The state council approved the construction and operation of a rapid transit system by the Hangzhou Subway Group Co. Ltd in Hangzhou on June 5, 2005.[7] The preliminary design for the first line, Line 1, was approved on January 11, 2007 by the Development and Reform Commission after four days of study. It would be 47.97 km long, of which 41.36 km is underground, 6.14 km elevated, and 0.47 km at grade.[8]

Construction

Construction of the first phase of Hangzhou Metro Line 1 began on March 28, 2007, with subsequent phases beginning later in that year. The first phase included three underground stations in Qianjiang New City. Jiubao East Station is the biggest station along Line 1 and will be a hub for the future metro system and other forms of public transport.[5] The funding of Line 1 came from both the city government and the banks, with 10.2 billion yuan and 5 billion yuan respectively. The first phase construction was estimated to be 45 billion yuan.[7]

In January 2009, it was announced that MTR Corporation would invest in a 22 billion-yuan ($3.2 billion) / 25-year / 49% share joint venture with the Hangzhou government to operate Line 1 of the metro.[9]

The first section of Line 4 opened for trial operation on February 2, 2015.[10]

In December 2016, the National Development and Reform Commission approved the planning for 10 lines, including extensions to the three existing lines, scheduled to open in time for the 2022 Asian Games.[11] By then the Hangzhou Metro network is projected to be 446 km long.[12] As of 2018 there are over 300 km of subway lines under construction in Hangzhou,[13] including a line (Hangshao line) to neighboring Shaoxing which is building its own metro system, Shaoxing Metro.[14]

Accident

On November 15, 2008, a 75-metre (250 ft) section of the tunnel near Fengqing Avenue in Xiaoshan District collapsed while under construction,[15] killing 17 people.[16]

Future expansions


Years Lines Section Terminals Length

(km)

Stations Notes & References
2021  4  Phase 2 Pengbu Zijingang Road 23.9 15 [17][18]
 6  Phase 2 Fengbei Goujulong 9.1 7
 7  Phase 2 Wushan Square Citizen Center 8.2 5 [17][19]
 8  Phase 1 South Wenhai Road Jiangdong 17.2 9 [17][19]
 9  Phase 1 Guanyintang Changda Road 29.5 21 Line 1's branch (Coach Center to Linping) will be merged with Line 9 when it opens, so the 7 stations on it and their length are all counted.[20]
2022  3  Main Line Wushanqiancun Xingqiao Road 48.75 30 [17][21][22]
Branch Xiaoheshan Baijiayuan Road 8.4 5 The branch line will become Line 14 in the future.[17][21]
 5  Phase 2 Adjustment section Jinxing Yuhang Town 2.03 1
 10  Phase 1 Yugu Road Xinxing Road 15.2 12 [17][20]
 Airport Express  Tiaoxi Yongsheng Road 58.5 15 [23]
TBA  11  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 12  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 13  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA
 14  TBC TBC TBC TBA TBA

Network Map


References


  1. ^ http://finance.eastmoney.com/a/202101011759167146.html
  2. ^ "本网快讯:杭州地铁时代即将来临 1号线24日开通" . Archived from the original on June 17, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2012.
  3. ^ "今天17时,地铁2号线全程开通 从头坐到尾只需77分钟" . December 27, 2017.
  4. ^ "杭州地铁16号线开通在即 余杭到临安不到38分钟" . April 9, 2020.
  5. ^ a b Kat Jiang, "Hangzhou to build metro system , Shanghai Daily, 2007-03-01
  6. ^ 七色彩虹! 杭州地铁每条线颜色是怎么出炉的?看揭秘
  7. ^ a b Tang Fuchun, Hangzhou Subway Planning Approved , china.org.cn, 2005-06-16
  8. ^ "Design of Hangzhou Metro Line No.1 Brings Convenience to Passengers" . January 11, 2007. Archived from the original on May 22, 2011.
  9. ^ "MTR to Operate, Invest in $3.2 Billion Subway in Eastern China" . bloomberg.com. January 16, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  10. ^ "experimental operation on Metro Line 4 first section, February 2" . hangzhou.gov.cn/ (in Chinese). February 2, 2015. Archived from the original on February 4, 2015. Retrieved February 4, 2015.
  11. ^ "杭州地铁三期10条线路获批 计划亚运会前建成" . December 21, 2016.
  12. ^ "[浙江]杭州地铁2号线西北段开通 22分钟城西飞驰到城东(图)" . news.sina.com.cn. Retrieved July 6, 2017.
  13. ^ "穩增長 內地掀新一波城市軌道建設熱 - 香港經濟日報 - 中國頻道 - 經濟" . china.hket.com. Retrieved August 26, 2018.
  14. ^ "无缝对接!绍兴地铁1号线与杭州地铁5号线连上了!" . www.sohu.com. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  15. ^ http://www.shanghaidaily.com/article/?id=380858&type=National
  16. ^ http://www.chinapost.com.tw/china/local-news/other/2008/11/26/184928/Deaths-from.htm
  17. ^ a b c d e f [1]
  18. ^ [2]
  19. ^ a b [3]
  20. ^ a b [4]
  21. ^ a b [5]
  22. ^ [6](in Chinese)52㎞、34站横穿市区 难产多年杭州地铁3号线年底开工
  23. ^ 15个站点全部开工 2022年建成 杭州机场轨道快线列入省重点建设项目 . November 15, 2019.

External links









Categories: Hangzhou Metro | Rapid transit in China | Transport in Hangzhou | Rail transport in Zhejiang | Railway lines opened in 2012 | 2012 establishments in China




Information as of: 02.06.2021 01:29:16 CEST

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