A hardcourt (or hard court) is a surface or floor on which a sport is played, most usually in reference to tennis courts. They are typically made of rigid materials such as asphalt or concrete, and covered with acrylic resins to seal the surface and mark the playing lines, while providing some cushioning.[1][2] Historically, hardwood surfaces were also in use in indoor settings, similar to an indoor basketball court, but these surfaces are rare now.[3]



Tennis hard courts are made of synthetic/acrylic layers on top of a concrete or asphalt foundation and can vary in color. These courts tend to play medium-fast to fast because there is little energy absorption by the court, like in grass courts.[4] The ball tends to bounce high and players are able to apply many types of spin during play. Flat balls are favored on hard courts because of the extremely quick play style. Speed of rebound after tennis balls bounce on hard courts is determined by how much sand is in the synthetic/acrylic layer placed on top of the asphalt foundation. More sand will result in a slower bounce due to more friction.[5][6]

Of the Grand Slam tournaments, the US Open and Australian Open currently use hard courts, and it is the predominant surface type used on the professional tour.[7][8]


There are numerous hardcourt maintenance methods which are commonly used to keep these facilities in top condition. Some of these include brushing, pressure washing with a cleaning solution and applying chemical treatments to prevent the growth of moss and algae. Anti-slip paint is also applied to hardcourts to give better playing qualities which enhance player safety and performance.[9]

Prominent brands

Some prominent brands of hardcourt surfaces used at professional tournaments include:

See also


  1. ^ "Types of Tennis Courts" . SportsByAPT. Advanced Polymer Technology. October 22, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  2. ^ "What type of tennis courts are there and how do they influence the tennis player's game?" . ertheo.com. Ertheo. July 17, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...about cushioning...
  3. ^ Newcomb, Tim (September 18, 2015). "WTA Finals in Singapore are played on unique wooden hard court surface" . si.com. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 2, 2018. Possible wood comeback?
  4. ^ Murray, Judy. "Hard courts take centre stage at the Australian Open and the US Open" . news.bbc.co.uk. BBC Sports. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  5. ^ "Different Types of Tennis Courts" . CoachUp.com. CoachUp, Inc. August 1, 2016. Retrieved March 2, 2018. about sand in court to slow it down
  6. ^ Newcomb, Tim (August 21, 2015). "The science behind creating the U.S. Open courts and signature colors" . si.com. Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...layered...cushioned...
  7. ^ Reason, Leigh (April 30, 2005). "Comparison of Tennis Court Surfaces" . LiveHealthy.chron.com. Hearst Newspapers, LLC. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...Majors on Hardcourt...
  8. ^ "Tennis Court Surface: Pros And Cons Of The Different Surfaces" . OnlineTennisInstruction.com. "Florian Meier & Partner GbR". Archived from the original on March 15, 2018. Retrieved March 2, 2018. ...In the United States Tennis is played primarily on hard courts....
  9. ^ "Choosing a Tennis Surface" . 10-s.com. 10-S Tennis Supply. Archived from the original on May 8, 2019. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Tennis Surface Options" . DecoTurf.com. DecoTurf. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  11. ^ "GreenSet Tennis" . greenset.net. GreenSet. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  12. ^ "Laykold Tennis Courts" . Advanced Ploymer Technology. February 6, 2014. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  13. ^ "Plexipave and Plexicushion Tennis Court Surfaces" . plexipace.com. Plexipave Tennis Surface Systems. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  14. ^ "SynPave" . reboundace.com. ReboundAce Sports. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  15. ^ Pearce, Linda (May 31, 2007). "Open drops Rebound Ace for new surface" . TheAge.com.au. The Age Company, Ltd. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  16. ^ "SportMaster tennis court surfaces" . sportmaster.net. SportMaster Sport Surfaces. April 30, 2005. Retrieved March 2, 2018.
  17. ^ "Lapesa Courts tennis court surface" . Lapesa Courts. April 30, 2020.

External links

Categories: Tennis court surfaces | Hard court tennis tournaments

Information as of: 08.07.2021 08:13:12 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-BY-SA-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore LinkFang.org does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.