Highgate School, formally Sir Roger Cholmeley's School at Highgate, is a British co-educational, fee-paying, independent day school, founded in 1565 in Highgate, London, England. It educates over 1,400 pupils in three sections – Highgate Pre-Preparatory School (ages 3–7), Highgate junior school (ages 7–11) and the senior school (11+) – which together comprise the Highgate Foundation. As part of its wider work the charity was from 2010 a founding partner of the London Academy of Excellence and it is now also the principal education sponsor of an associated Academy, the London Academy of Excellence Tottenham, which opened in September 2017. The principal business sponsor is Tottenham Hotspur FC. The charity also funds the Chrysalis Partnership, a scheme supporting 26 state schools in six London boroughs.
The Foundation is governed in accordance with a Charity Commission Scheme dated 1 September 2005 (and amended in 2014). Its governing body consists of 16 members; 4 are nominated (one each by the Universities of Oxford and London, by the Bishop of London, and by the Lord Chief Justice), and the rest are co-opted. The Visitor is Her Majesty the Queen. The Head is assisted by Principals of the pre-prep and junior schools, by deputy heads and a Bursar, in managing the Foundation. The school is a member of HMC and IAPS and is one of the twelve schools of the Eton Group.
The school was founded in 1565 by a Royal Charter of Elizabeth I whose letters patent, sealed on 29 January, authorised Sir Roger Cholmeley to establish the ‘’’Free Grammar School of Sir Roger Cholmeley, Knight at Highgate’’’.
Cholmeley, a former Chief Justice and local landowner, decided to found a charitable school "for the good education and instruction of boys and young men" in Highgate and the local parishes. On 27 April 1565 he was granted by Edmund Grindal, the Bishop of London, some land on the site of the old gatehouse to the Bishop's park and hermit's chapel (opposite the Gatehouse Inn, which still exists). A new chapel and buildings for the school and the local curate, who was expected to be the teacher, were built. The chapel also served as a chapel of ease for Highgate residents.
However, by the early nineteenth century a dispute arose because the charity was spending more money, and the curate more time, on the local chapel than on the pupils. A House of Commons commission visited in 1819 and found the Master, the Rev Samuel Mence, was paying a sexton to teach the boys. In a long and bitter action brought in the High Court against the Trustees it was contended that this was contrary to its founding charitable deed. Lord Chancellor Eldon, in his 1827 judgment, agreed, finding "the charity is for the sustenance and maintenance of a free Grammar school". The trustees were forced to comply and a separate local church for Highgate, St Michael's, was built in South Grove after a successful local appeal. Mence struggled on at the school until 1838 when there were only 19 pupils.
An expansion of the school occurred under the next headmaster Rev Dr John Bradley Dyne (Fellow of Wadham College, Oxford) between 1838 and 1874. Under Dyne, by the 1870s the school had largely dropped free provision for local parish boys and alongside the day places boarding was encouraged for boys from the upper and upper middle classes; fees were introduced and academic standards improved.In the period up to this time the school was known commonly as the Free Grammar School at Highgate, the Highgate Grammar School, or the Cholmeley School. Like other public schools, Highgate followed Dr Arnold at Rugby School in introducing the house system. Also like other public schools, Dyne flogged the pupils with a birch rod.
In the 1860s land was acquired in Bishopswood Road, which provided extensive sports fields and on which several boarding houses and private residences were built. During this period the current chapel and main buildings were erected, designed by Reginald Blomfield (who had also designed Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford). A fragment of the older school building, a gateway with a rusted bell mechanism above between the porter's lodge and the main school building, remained intact until 2006 when the bell was refurbished and the old entrance itself rebuilt in a more modern style. The senior school continues to occupy today the island site in Highgate Village on which it was founded.
During the Second World War the school's buildings were commandeered by the British government and the school was evacuated to Westward Ho! in Devon, returning to Highgate in 1943.
The poet Samuel Taylor Coleridge was buried in the school chapel, his grandson an Old Cholmeleian. However, in 1965 after a row with the council there was a ceremonial disinterring of Coleridge at which the then Poet Laureate John Masefield spoke and the remains were reburied at St Michael's parish church just a few hundred yards away.
Highgate School has the oldest public school freemasons' lodge, Cholmeley Lodge No 1731, formed in 1878, part of the Public Schools Lodges Council.
Until recently the school had two blocks of Eton Fives courts, one structure with ten courts (of which six were built in 1899 and a further four added c.1913); a second block of eight courts constructed in the 1920s was removed in 2014.
Boarding and weekly boarding at Highgate declined in the years up to the early 1990s when the last boarders left. In 1993 one of the former houses was converted to create the coeducational pre-preparatory school.
In 2001 the school announced its intention to become fully co-educational ending over four hundred years of single sex education, and girls joined the Senior and Junior schools from 2004. According to the Good Schools Guide "Its decision to go co-ed has helped to put its popularity and academic standards on upward trajectories".
In April 2006 the Mills Centre for Art, Design and Technology was opened, incorporating an area commemorating former director of art Sir Kyffin Williams.
In January 2013 the Charter building was opened by former pupil and Governor Lord Hill.
In May 2014 the Sir Martin Gilbert Library was opened by former Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
Throughout 2015 the school celebrated its 450th anniversary. In January 2015 a museum opened, which can be visited by the public on Saturday mornings in term-time.
In September 2016 a new building for the junior school opened.
The school operates a house system like many other public schools and upon reaching Year 9, pupils are placed in a house. These houses are Northgate, Southgate, Westgate, Eastgate, Queensgate, Kingsgate, Midgate, Fargate, Heathgate, The Lodge, School House and Grindal. This system, which Dyne, like other public school headmasters, copied from Arnold's at Rugby School, was established to create "house spirit" among the students, allowing for both academic and sporting competitions among the houses. Some of these, like School House, Grindal and The Lodge used to be boarding houses. However, other houses, such as Kingsgate, are newer, having been created by a dissaffected group of Westgateans in the 1970s.
The title Head has been used since March 2015.
- 2006–date Adam Sven Pettitt
- 1989–2006 Richard Paul Kennedy
- 1974–1989 Roy Curtis Giles
- 1954–1974 Alfred John Farre Doulton
- 1936–1954 Geoffrey Foxall Bell MC
- 1908–1936 Dr John Alexander Hope Johnston
- 1893–1908 Rev Arthur Edmund Allcock
- 1874–1893 Rev Dr Charles McDowall
- 1838–1874 Rev Dr John Bradley Dyne
- 1816–1838 Rev Samuel Mence
- 1793–1816 Rev Dr Thomas Bennett
- 1780–1793 Rev William Porter
- 1746–1780 Rev William Felton
- 1733–1746 Rev Bexworth Liptrott
- 1728–1733 Rev Thomas Horton
- 1712–1728 Rev John Browne
- 1712–1712 Henry Mills
- 1699–1712 W.M.Chapman
- 1699–1699 John Cole
- 1694–1699 Peter Cook
- 1686–1694 Thomas Brown
- 1680–1686 Robert Peirce
- 1677–1680 Robert King
- 1673–1677 John Seely
- 1670–1673 Ellis Price
- 1670–1670 Richard Bestwick
- 1670–1670 Joseph Gwillym
- 1660–1670 Thomas Carter (restored)
- 1659–1660 Benoni Barke
- 1659–1659 – Chamberlaine
- 1645–1659 George Marsden
- 1644–1645 Christopher Laurence
- 1639–1644 Thomas Carter (ejected)
- 1625–1639 John Ridley
- 1615–1625 John Bright
- 1609–1615 John Mann
- 1599–1609 Abdias Tuer
- 1593–1599 Ralph Williams
- 1592–1593 John Williams
- 1589–1592 Christopher Goffe
- 1586–1589 William Becket
- 1580–1586 Edward Smythe
- 1571–1580 Johnson Charle
Notable members of staff
With year of joining
The Cholmeleian Society and notable Cholmeleians
Former pupils of Highgate School are called Cholmeleians or Old Cholmeleians ("OCs"), after Sir Roger Cholmeley. The alumni are organised as the Cholmeleian Society, founded as the Old Cholmeleian Club in 1893, although annual dinners had been held since 1859. Both the School and the Society organise social events, and a magazine, The Cholmeleian, is published twice a year. Notable Cholmeleians include:
Arts, design and literature
- Owen Barfield, philosopher and writer
- Sir John Betjeman, Poet Laureate, taught by T. S. Eliot
- Sir Reginald Blomfield, architect
- Hussein Chalayan, fashion designer
- Marcus Clarke, Australian novelist and poet
- Ernest Hartley Coleridge, literary scholar, grandson of Samuel Taylor Coleridge
- Henry Fairlie, journalist and broadcaster
- Vivian Hunter Galbraith, historian
- Sir Martin Gilbert, historian and biographer of Sir Winston Churchill
- Anthony Green RA, artist
- Francis Llewellyn Griffith, Egyptologist
- Ernest Hardy, classicist and Principal of Jesus College, Oxford
- Gerard Hoffnung, cartoonist and musician
- Richard Rivington Holmes, archivist, Royal librarian and archaeologist
- Gerard Manley Hopkins, poet
- Anthony Howard, journalist and editor
- George Jowett, poet
- Peter Kingsley, writer on ancient Greek culture
- Charles Lee, novelist
- Archibald Marshall, author, publisher and journalist
- James Augustus Cotter Morison, essayist and historian
- Mike Ockrent, theatre director
- Alfred Chilton Pearson, classical scholar
- H. G. Pelissier, theatrical producer and satirist
- Patrick Procktor RA, artist
- Graham Reynolds, art historian
- Sir Charles Robertson, historian and vice-chancellor; tutor to HM King Edward VIII
- Nicholas Rowe (1674–1718, Poet Laureate and dramatist
- Geoffrey Scott, architectural historian
- Howard Hayes Scullard, historian, editor of the Oxford Classical Dictionary
- Martin Seymour-Smith, poet and biographer
- Walter William Skeat, philologist
- Ion Trewin, publisher, editor and biographer
- Arthur Graeme West, war poet
- Nigel Williams, author, screenwriter and playwright
- Philip Stanhope Worsley, translator of the Odyssey and Iliad
- Allan G. Wyon, die-engraver, sculptor and medallist
- Edmund Yates, journalist and author
Business and commerce
- Piers Adam, nightclub and restaurant entrepreneur
- Peter Austin, brewer
- Sir Edward Beauchamp, MP and chairman of Lloyd's
- David Buchler, corporate recovery and restructuring expert
- Sir Robert Clark, company chairman and SOE officer
- Sir Ronald Grierson, industrialist
- Sir Arthur Hetherington FREng, chairman of British Gas
- Peter Hetherington, chief executive of IG Group
- Sir Percy Graham MacKinnon, chairman of Lloyd's
- Bernard Shapero, dealer in antiquarian rare books and works on paper
- Sir Alexander Valentine, chairman of London Transport Executive and London Transport Board)
- Michael Payne, marketing executive for the IOC and Formula 1
- Simon Bainbridge, composer
- John Blakely, pianist
- Alan Bush, composer
- Brian Chapple, composer
- Gerard Hoffnung, tubist
- Daniel Hope, violinist
- Jan Latham-Koenig, conductor
- Milton Mermikides, composer and academic
- John Rutter, composer
- Howard Shelley, pianist
- Henry Smart, organist and composer
- Sir John Tavener, composer
- Graham Waterhouse, cellist and composer
- Peter Wright (organist)
Film, stage and television
- Richard Attree, film and TV composer, formerly with BBC Radiophonic Workshop
- Richard Bebb, actor
- John Box, Oscar winning film production designer and art director
- Roland Culver, actor
- Donald Eccles, actor
- Robin Ellis, actor
- Matthew Garber, actor
- Philip Harben, TV chef
- Freddie Highmore, actor
- Tom Hooper, Oscar winning film director
- John Leyton, actor and singer
- Adrian Lyne, film director
- Christopher Morahan, theatre, television and film director
- Barry Norman, film critic
- Robert Nisbet, TV correspondent and presenter
- Kayvan Novak, actor and comedian
- Lloyd Owen, actor
- Geoffrey Palmer, actor
- Robin Ray, broadcaster and musician
- Paul Rotha, documentary film maker
- Harry Thompson, TV writer and producer
- Murray Walker, motorsport commentator
- Gregg Sulkin, actor
- The Rt Hon Lord Ackner, Law Lord
- Sir Richard Arnold, High Court Judge
- Sir Archibald Bodkin, Director of Public Prosecutions
- Professor Sir Roy Goode, academic lawyer
- Sir Maurice Gwyer, (Chief Justice of India
- Sir George Hayes, High Court Judge
- The Rt Hon Sir Frank MacKinnon, Court of Appeal Judge
- Michael Mansfield, barrister
- The Rt Hon Sir Brian Neill, Court of Appeal Judge
- Lord Neill of Bladen, barrister, Vice-Chancellor of Oxford University, Warden of All Souls College, Oxford)
- Sir Anthony Plowman, Vice-Chancellor of the Chancery Division
- Thomas Sargant, law reformer and human rights campaigner
- Bill Bailey, mine clearance expert, awarded George Medal and Bar
- General Joyanta N. Chaudhuri, Commander-in-Chief, Indian Army
- Lieutenant Colonel ’Pug’ Davis, co-founder of the Special Boat Service
- Admiral Frank Finnis
- George Goodman (RAF officer), flying ace and one of "The Few"
- Brigadier General Sir William Horwood, chief commissioner of the Metropolitan Police
- General Sir Edward Pemberton Leach VC, awarded the Victoria Cross in the 2nd Afghan War
- Major General John Soame Richardson
- Lieutenant General Sir Michael Rimington, HQ Staff, Indian Cavalry Corps
- Vice Admiral Sir Guy Sayer
- Air Marshal Sir Anthony Selway, Air Officer Commanding at RAF Coastal Command
Politics and public service
- Robert Aickman, writer and campaigner for inland waterways
- Sir Frank Alexander, Lord Mayor of London
- Sir Robert Atkins, Conservative MP & MEP
- Sir Charles Batho, Lord Mayor of London
- Peter Beazley, Conservative MEP
- Sir Harold Beeley, diplomat
- Lord Bowles, Labour MP & Peer
- William Burdett-Coutts, Conservative MP and philanthropist
- David Burrowes, Conservative MP
- Sir Andrew Burns, diplomat
- Charles Clarke, Labour MP, Home Secretary
- Sir John Cockburn, Premier of South Australia
- Sir Marriott Cooke, mental health superintendent, Commissioner in Lunacy
- Anthony Crosland, Labour MP, Foreign Secretary
- Sir George Epps, actuary, on Beveridge Commission creating the welfare state
- Sir Martin Furnival Jones, director general of MI5
- Lord Garner, head of the diplomatic service, High Commissioner to Canada
- Lord Hill, Conservative Peer, Leader of the Lords
- Sir Ian Horobin, Conservative MP
- Bernard Jenkin, Conservative MP
- Howard Johnson, Conservative MP
- Jeremy Lefroy, Conservative MP
- R.C. Lehmann, Liberal MP, editor of Punch
- Robert Halfon, Conservative MP, Cabinet minister
- Harry Maude, anthropogist and South Pacific administrator
- Sir Walter Maude, civil servant in India
- Lord Mitford, Liberal Democrat Peer
- Sir Wyndham Murray, Conservative MP
- Sir Alan Neale, permanent secretary
- Sir Robert Price, Liberal MP
- Thomas Phillips Price, Liberal MP
- Sir Robert Scott, governor of Mauritius
- Sir Geoffrey Shakespeare, Liberal MP
- Duncan Taylor, diplomat
- Sir Charles Thomas-Stanford, Conservative MP
- Sir Stanley Tubbs, Conservative MP
- Sir Colin Turner, Conservative MP
- Jon Lansman, Labour Party activist
- Stanley Booth-Clibborn, Bishop of Manchester
- Edward Bickersteth, Bishop of South Tokyo
- Philip Buckler, Dean of Lincoln
- Kenneth Clements, Bishop of Canberra and Goulburn
- Henry Durrant, Bishop of Lahore
- William George Hardie, Archbishop of the West Indies
- Arthur Kitching, Bishop on the Upper Nile
- Thomas Savage, Bishop of Zululand
- Ernest Thorold, chaplain to Kings George V, Edward VII, and George VI
- Norman Tubbs, Bishop of Tinnevelly and of Rangoon and Dean of Chester
- Cyril Tucker, Bishop in Argentina and Eastern South America
- Charles Turner, Bishop of Islington
- Edward Waller, Bishop of Madras
Science and engineering
- David Acheson, mathematician
- Sir Christopher Andrewes FRS, discovered the influenza A virus
- Alan Blumlein, inventor and electronics engineer
- Alex Comfort, author of The Joy of Sex
- Frederick Dixey FRS, entomologist
- Sir Douglas Fox, president of the Institution of Civil Engineers
- Sir Francis Fox, civil engineer
- Richard M. Durbin FRS, computational biologist
- John Ellis FRS, theoretical physicist
- Walter Gaskell FRS, physiologist
- Sir Roger Hetherington, president of the Institution of Civil Engineers
- Leslie Grinsell, archaeologist
- Roger le Geyt Hetherington, president of the Institution of Civil Engineers
- David Keynes Hill FRS, biophysicist
- Maurice Hill FRS, marine geophysicist
- Alfred John Jukes-Browne FRS, palaeontologist
- Alexander King, pioneer of sustainable development
- Sir Allan Quartermaine, president of the Institution of Civil Engineers
- Warwick W Sawyer, mathematician and author
- Sir Clive Sinclair, inventor of the 'slim-line' electronic pocket calculator
- Sir Arthur Tansley FRS, botanist and ecologist
- Rev John Venn, creator of Venn diagrams
- John Webb, paediatrician
- Paul Weindling, historian of medicine
- Errol White, president of the Linnean Society of London
- John Zarnecki, space scientist
- Gordon Crole-Rees, Davis Cup tennis player
- Colin Drybrough, cricketer
- David Hays, cricketer
- Thomas Bridges Hughes, two FA Cup winner's medals for Wanderers FC 1876 and 1877
- Wally Kahn, gliding champion
- William Knightley-Smith, cricketer
- Douglas Lowe, double Olympic gold medallist
- Jamie Powe, cricketer
- Walter Robins, England cricket captain
- Stuart Rogers, cricketer
- William Seagrove, double Olympic silver medallist
- Robert Stuart, Argentine cricketer
- Phil Tufnell, England cricketer, TV personality
- Graham Walker, motorcycle racer and broadcaster
- Robert Warton, England cricket team manager and umpire
- Tagge Webster, president of MCC and England amateur footballer
- Amin Zahir, Olympic fencer
- ^ a b Charity Commission. SIR ROGER CHOLMELEY'S SCHOOL AT HIGHGATE, registered charity no. 312765 .
- ^ Davies, Aanna (12 May 2016). "Tottenham Hotspur teams up with top school to open new academy" . London Evening Standard. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "London Academy of Excellence Tottenham" . Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "Chrysalis Newsletter" (PDF). Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "Governors" . Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ Walford, Geoffrey (1986). Life in public schools. Taylor and Francis. pp. 10–11. ISBN 978-0-416-37180-2.
- ^ a b Palmer, Alan, A Short History of Highgate School(1964), in Highgate School Register 1833–1964 pp9-32.
- ^ a b c Richardson, John, Highgate Past(1989), pp61-63.
- ^ Michael L. Chiavone; Simon Inglis (1 September 2014). Played in London: Charting the Heritage of a City at Play . English Heritage. p. 283. ISBN 978-1-84802-057-3.
- ^ "Pre-Prep" . Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "The Coeducation Issue" (PDF). Cholmeleian (Winter 2014): 20–21, 57–59. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "Archived copy" . Archived from the original on 27 February 2009. Retrieved 26 September 2008.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- ^ Beioley, Kate (21 January 2013). "Leader of the House of Lords opens new building at Highgate School" . Ham & High. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "Sir Martin Gilbert Library, Highgate School" . 21 May 2015. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ Blake, Imogen (20 January 2015). "Highgate School treasure trove including the Second World War exploded bomb on show for first time at new museum" . Ham & High. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "New junior school opens" . Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ "Aims and ethos" .
- ^ Blake, Imogen (28 April 2015). "Highgate School headteacher: 'Michael Gove was brilliant as education secretary'" . Ham & High. Retrieved 28 September 2016.
- ^ Hughes, Patrick; Davis, Ian (1988). Highgate School Register 1833–1988 (7th ed.). pp. 452–453.