House of Blois - en.LinkFang.org

House of Blois


House of Blois
House of Champagne
Arms of the House of Blois
Country France
Navarre
 England
Founded906
FounderTheobald the Old, Viscount of Blois
Final rulerJoan I of Navarre
Titles
Estate(s)Blois, Champagne, Navarre, England, Sancerre, Boulogne, Aumale
Dissolution1305
Cadet branches
  • House of Champagne
  • House of Sancerre

The House of Blois (French: [blwa]) is a lineage derived from the Frankish nobility, whose principal members were often named Theobald (Thibaud, Thibault, Thibaut in French).

Contents

History


Heirs of the viscounts of Blois, the House of Blois accumulated the counties of Blois, Chartres, Châteaudun, Troyes, Meaux — as successors of Herbertians — etc., then the county of Champagne, and finally the kingdom of Navarre. The family was founded by Theobald the Old in the year 906.

When Louis VII of France was greatly threatened by the vast collection of territories in the person of Henry II of England, he chose a wife from the House of Champagne (Adela of Champagne) as a counterpoise to Angevin power.

The senior line of the House of Blois became extinct with the death of Joan I of Navarre, wife of Philip IV of France, in 1305. Champagne and Navarre passed to the Capetian dynasty.

King Stephen I of England, 1135–1154, was both a member of the House of Blois and the last Anglo-Norman King, being the grandson of William the Conqueror through his daughter Adela of Normandy.[1]

A branch of the family was established in Sancerre by Stephen I of Sancerre, a younger son of Theobald II, Count of Champagne. This branch became extinct at the death of Margaret of Sancerre in 1418 or 1419.

Rulers


Ruler Born Reign Death Ruling part Consort Notes
Theobald I the Trickster 913 928-975 975 Blois Luitgarde of Vermandois
four children
Founder of the family. Until 1041, the count of Blois is also the Count of Tours.
Odo I 950 975-996 12 March 996 Blois Bertha of Burgundy
983
six children
Theobald II c.985 996-1004 11 July 1004 Blois Unmarried Left no heirs, he was succeeded by his brother Odo.
Odo II/I 983 1004-1037 15 November 1037 Blois Maud of Normandy
1003/4
no children

Ermengarde of Auvergne
c.1005
three/four children
Seized Champagne for himself, without royal approval, but kept these territories.
1022-1037 Troyes & Meaux (Champagne)
Stephen II ? 1037-1047 1047 Troyes & Meaux (Champagne) Adele
one child
Odo II 1040 1047-1066 1115 Champagne Adelaide of Normandy
c.1060
one child
1069-1115 Aumale
Theobald III 1012 1037-1089 1089 Blois Gersende of Maine
one child

Adele of Valois
four children
1066-1089 Champagne
Odo III 1062 1089-1093 1093 Champagne Unmarried Left no children, and he was succeeded by his brother Hugh.
Stephen Henry c.1045 1089-1102 19 May 1102 Blois Adela of Normandy
c.1080
Chartres
eleven children
Hugh 1074 1093-1125 1125 Champagne Constance of France
1094
one child

Isabelle of Burgundy
1110
one child?
In 1125, after his death, his domains joined Blois.
Theobald IV/II the Great 1090 1102-1152 10 January 1152 Blois Matilda of Carinthia
1123
ten children
He was also Count of Champagne from 1125.
1125-1152 Champagne
Stephen c.1070 1115-1127 1127 Aumale Hawise de Mortimer
c.1100
four children
His father-in-law supported him in his claimancy for the throne of England.
William the Fat ? 1127-1179 20 August 1179 Aumale Cicely FitzDuncan, Lady of Skipton
c.1130
eleven children
He was also made Earl of York. Left his domains in Aumale to his only daughter, Hawise.
Henry I the Liberal December 1127 1152-1181 16 March 1181 Champagne Marie of France
1159
four children
First son of Theobald II/IV, inherited Champagne.
Theobald V the Good 1130 1152-1191 20 January 1191 Blois Sybil of Chateaurenault
no children

Alix of France
1164
seven children
Second son of Theobald II/IV, inherited Blois.
Hawise ? 1179-1194 11 March 1214 Aumale William de Mandeville, 3rd Earl of Essex
c.1180
no children

William de Forz
c.1190
one child

Baldwin of Bethune
1196
one child
Ruled together with her husbands. In 1194, Philip II of France took Aumale to royal domain.
Aumale was annexed to the Kingdom of France
Henry II 29 July 1166 1181-1190 10 September 1197 Champagne Isabella I of Jerusalem
6 May 1192
two children
Left Champagne in Crusade and established there as king consort of Jerusalem. Left the regency to his mother.
Marie of France (regent) 1145 1190-1197 11 March 1198 Champagne Henry I, Count of Champagne
1159
four children
Established the patched lands of Champagne as an unified territory. With the death of Henry II in Jerusalem, she passed the county to her youngest son, Theobald.
Louis I 1172 1191-1205 14 April 1205 Blois Catherine, Countess of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1184
three children
Theobald III 13 May 1179 1197-1201 24 May 1201 Champagne Blanche of Navarre
1 July 1199
Chartres
one child
Blanche of Navarre (regent) 1177 1201-1222 13 March 1229 Champagne Theobald III, Count of Champagne
1 July 1199
Chartres
one child
Regent for her son. Protected him in the War of the Succession of Champagne, and also through her, he would inherit the Kingdom of Navarre.
Theobald IV/I the Troubadour 30 May 1201 1222-1234

1234-1253
8 July 1253 Champagne

Champagne & Navarre
Gertrude of Dagsburg
1220
(annulled 1222)
no children

Agnes of Beaujeu
1222
one child

Margaret of Bourbon
12 September 1232
six children
Posthumous son of Theobald III, inherited Navarre from his uncle in 1234.
Theobald VI 1190 1205-1218 16/22 April 1218 Blois Mathilde of Alençon
c.1210
no children

Clemence de Roches
no children
Left no heirs. He left the county to his paternal aunt, Margaret. He also left a small county around Chartres to another of his aunts, Isabelle.
Margaret 1170 1218-1230 12 July 1230 Blois Hugh of Oisy
no children

Otto I, Count of Burgundy
1192
two children

Walter II of Avesnes
two children
Left the county to his daughter from Walter of Avesnes, Marie.
Margaret of Bourbon (regent) 1217 1253-1256 12 April 1256 Champagne Theobald I of Navarre
12 September 1232
six children
Regent for her son. Protected him in the War of the Succession of Champagne, and also through her, he would inherit the Kingdom of Navarre.
Theobald V/II 1238 1256-1270 4 December 1270 Champagne & Navarre Isabella of France
6 April 1255
no children
Left no children. He was succeeded by his brother.
Henry III/I 1244 1270-1274 22 July 1274 Champagne & Navarre Blanche of Artois
February 1269
Melun
two children
Blanche of Artois (regent) 1248 1274-1284 2 May 1302 Champagne & Navarre Henry I of Navarre
February 1269
Melun
two children

Edmund Crouchback
3 February 1276
Paris
three children
Regent for her daughter, Joan.
Joan I 14 January 1273 1284-1305 31 March/2 April 1305 Champagne & Navarre Philip IV of France
16 August 1284
seven children

Genealogy


Arms


See also


References


  1. ^ David Crouch. The Reign of King Stephen, 1135-1154, Pearson Education, Harlow, England, 2000.









Categories: House of Blois | Counts of Blois | Counts of Champagne | English royal houses | Lists of French nobility | Lists of Spanish monarchs | Navarrese monarchs | Navarrese royal houses




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