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Isabella of Aragon, Queen of France


Isabella of Aragon
Queen consort of France
Tenure25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271
Born1248
Died28 January 1271 (aged 22–23)
Burial
SpousePhilip III of France
IssueLouis
Philip IV of France
Robert
Charles, Count of Valois
HouseBarcelona
FatherJames I of Aragon
MotherViolant of Hungary
ReligionRoman Catholicism

Isabella of Aragon (1248 – 28 January 1271)[1][a] was Queen of France[3] from 1270 to 1271 by marriage to Philip III of France.[4]

Contents

Life


Isabella was the daughter of King James I of Aragon[5] and his second wife Violant of Hungary.[6]

In Clermont on 28 May 1262, Isabella married the future Philip III of France, son of Louis IX and Margaret of Provence. She became queen upon the accession of her spouse in 1270.

She accompanied her husband on the Eighth Crusade against Tunis. On their way home, they stopped in Cosenza, Calabria. Six months pregnant with her fifth child, on 11 January 1271 she suffered a fall from her horse. After they had resumed the trip back to France, Isabella gave birth to a premature stillborn son. She never recovered from her injuries and the childbirth, and died seventeen days later, on 28 January. Her death was a devastating emotional blow to her husband, especially since she had been pregnant. Philip III took the bodies of Isabella and their stillborn son and, when he finally returned to France, buried them in the Basilica of St Denis.[7] Isabella's tomb, like many others, was desecrated during the French Revolution in 1793.

Children


She had four sons:

  1. Louis (1265–1276)
  2. Philip IV "the Fair" (1268–1314), King of France
  3. Robert (1269–1271)
  4. Charles, Count of Valois (1270–1325)

Notes


  1. ^ She had not been born yet when her father King James executed a will in January 1248 since he stipulates that if he had another son, he should become a knight Templar and if the newborn was daughter, she should enter the Monastery of Santa María de Sigena. Isabella was born after January of 1248.[2]

References


  1. ^ Rodrigo Estevan 2009, p. 90.
  2. ^ Zurita & 1562-1580, p. 272 of PDF, Chapter XLIII.
  3. ^ Sabine Geldsetzer, Frauen auf Kreuzzügen
  4. ^ Patrick Weber, Les reines de France
  5. ^ The new Cambridge medieval history / 5 C. 1198 - c. 1300. by David Abulafia and Rosamond MacKitterick. The standard work of reference on the whole of Europe, east and west, during the thirteenth century. Page 654.
  6. ^ The book of deeds of James I of Aragon: a translation of the medieval Catalan Llibre dels Fets by Damian J Smith and Helena Buffery. Page 139.
  7. ^ Alain Erlande-Brandenburg, Le roi est mort. Étude sur les funérailles, les sépultures et les tombeaux des rois de France jusqu'à la fin du xiiie siècle

Bibliography


French royalty
Preceded by
Margaret of Provence
Queen consort of France
25 August 1270 – 28 January 1271
Succeeded by
Marie of Brabant







Categories: 1247 births | 1271 deaths | Aragonese infantas | Christians of the Eighth Crusade | Deaths by horse-riding accident | Burials at the Basilica of St Denis | French queens consort | House of Aragon | Philip IV of France | Women in medieval European warfare | Women in war in France | Women in 13th-century warfare | 13th-century French people | 13th-century French women




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