Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead
|Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead|
|Born||6 April 1867|
|Died||1 January 1941 (aged 73)|
Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead (April 6, 1867 – January 1, 1941) was a pioneering feminist and obstetrician who promoted the role of women in medicine. She wrote A History of Women in Medicine: From the Earliest of Times to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century in 1938. She was born in Danville, Quebec, Canada, and died in Haddam, Connecticut, United States.
Hurd-Mead was the eldest of three children born to Edward Payson Hurd, a practicing physician, and Sarah Elizabeth (Campbell) Hurd. In 1870, the family moved to Newburyport, Massachusetts, where she attended public schools. She decided to study medicine out of respect for her father's career as a doctor, and on the advice of the well-respected physician, Dr. Mary Putnam Jacobi. She became a student at the Woman's Medical College of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia in 1885, where in 1888 she graduated as an M.D. She became an intern at the New England Hospital for Women and Children in Boston where she studied with Dr. Marie Zakrzewska. She did post-doctoral work in Paris, Stockholm, and London.
On her return to America in 1890 she became the medical director for the Bryn Mawr School for Girls in Baltimore, where she instituted the school's innovative preventive health program, which included physical education and periodic medical examinations. With Dr. Alice Hall, she co-founded the Evening Dispensary For Working Women and Girls, the first institution in Baltimore to employ women physicians. She was a strong proponent of the then new maternal hygiene and infant welfare models.
She also helped to organize the Middletown District Nurses Association (1900), was vice president of the State Medical Society of Connecticut (1913-1914), president of the American Medical Women's Association, and organizer of the Medical Women's International Association (1919).
At a meeting of the Johns Hopkins Historical Club in 1890 she had become interested in the history of women physicians. She conducted extensive research and published Medical Women of America (1933) and in 1938 the first comprehensive history of women's role in medicine, A History of Women in Medicine: From the Earliest of Times to the Beginning of the Nineteenth Century.
She argued strongly for the real existence of Trotula, the Sicilian woman physician of the Middle Ages, who some historians had tried to argue was not a real person but a name for a collection of works. Hurd-Mead is also responsible for creating the myth of Mother or Mrs Hutton and William Withering. The section on this in her book is unreferenced and appears to have been taken from a 1928 Parke Davis advertising blurb without being thoroughly checked.(the blurb was fake). No such person existed yet many have taken details from Hurd-Meads book and embellished it with details of their own making. Her creation of Mrs. Hutton has been raised and questioned by J. Worth-Estes, Dennis Krikler and others.
- ^ Green, Monica Helen (2008). Making women's medicine masculine: the rise of male authority in pre-modern gynaecology . Oxford University Press. p. 29. ISBN 0-19-921149-3.
- ^ Kelly, Howard A.; Burrage, Walter L., eds. (1920). . . Baltimore: The Norman, Remington Company.
- ^ a b c d e "Hurd-Mead, Kate Campbell, 1867-1941. Papers, 1939: A Finding Aid" . Arthur and Elizabeth Schlesinger Library on the History of Women in America. Radcliffe College, Harvard. 1982. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- ^ a b c d e f g "Dr.Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead" . Changing the Face of Medicine. National Library of Medicine. 25 March 2004. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- ^ "Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead" . Dinner Party Database of notable Women. Brooklyn Museum. March 21, 2007. Retrieved 11 December 2009.
- ^ Whaley, Leigh Ann (2003). Women's history as scientists . Contemporary Issues in Science Series. Volume 1 (A guide to the debates of Women's History as Scientists: Controversies in Science). ABC-CLIO. p. 162. ISBN 1-57607-230-4.
- Appel, Toby (2014). "Writing Women into Medical History in the 1930s: Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead and "Medical Women" of the Past and Present". Bulletin of the History of Medicine. 88 (3): 457–92.