Kuştul Monastery


Kuştul Monastery (Turkish: Kuştul Manastırı, Greek: Ιερά Μονή του Αγίου Γεωργίου Περιστερεώτα[1]) was Greek Orthodox monastery, located near Şimşirli village, Maçka district, Trabzon Province, Turkey.

Founded in 752 CE at 30 km southeast of Trabzon, it was finally closed on January 17, 1923, when the monks along with other Greeks were expelled to Greece.[2] After 1906 fire, it was restored. A monastery with the same name was inaugurated on June 16, 1978, in Naousa, Imathia, which is where the monks of Kuştul Monastery are buried.[3] The monastery is abandoned and only the base of the church survives today.[4]

The monastery's Greek name is Saint George Peristereotas. The name was derived from the monk Peristereotis (peristeri meaning pigeon in Greek). Legend has it that a flock of pigeons descended from the forests of Sourmena and guided three monks who were carrying the icon of Saint George to the place where the monastery was built.

During its heyday the monastery consisted of 187 rooms/cells and a large library which housed over 7000 volumes of works. In 1203 and after 450 years of continuous use, the monastery was depopulated and for two centuries no monk lived within it.[why?] In 1398 permission was granted by the Emperor of Trebizond, Manuel III for the monastery to reopen. Its abbots were then Theophanes of Lazia (1393-1426), Barnabas of Lazia (1426-49) and Methodios of Sourmaina (from 1449).[5] In 1462 the monastery was partly destroyed when robbers and looters stole many of its heirlooms. Many of its possessions were also lost in the fires of 1483. In 1501 the monastery was placed under the immediate jurisdiction (stauropegic) of the Ecumenical Patriarch of Constantinople, and remained so until its abandonment. The monastery was again depopulated following the Population exchange between Greece and Turkey in 1922/23.

See also


References


  1. ^ Meaning: "Holy Monastery of Saint George Peristereota" (formal name). The name "Peristereota" derives from the Greek word peristeri (περιστέρι = pigeon), because legend has it that three pigeons led the three different monks who founded the monastery to the location.
  2. ^ Η Ιστορία της Μονής στον Πόντο Archived 2006-10-28 at the Wayback Machine, peristereota.com
  3. ^ Η Ιστορία της Μονής στην Ελλάδα Archived 2006-10-28 at the Wayback Machine, peristereota.com
  4. ^ Kuştul Monastery Archived 2007-01-06 at the Wayback Machine, trabzon.gov.tr
  5. ^ BRYER, A., & WINFIELD, D. (1985). The Byzantine monuments and topography of the Pontos. Washington, D.C., Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection. http://hdl.handle.net/2027/heb.02923.

External links










Categories: Archaeological sites in the Black Sea Region | Greek Orthodox monasteries in Turkey | Empire of Trebizond | 752 establishments | Christian monasteries established in the 8th century | History of Trabzon | Buildings and structures in Trabzon Province | Eastern Orthodox church stubs | Black Sea Region geography stubs | Turkish religious building and structure stubs | European church stubs | Asian church stubs | Christian monastery stubs




Information as of: 16.07.2020 06:54:00 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore LinkFang.org does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.