Lands of Sweden


The lands of Sweden (Swedish: Sveriges landsdelar) are three traditional parts, each consisting of several provinces, in Sweden. The division into lands goes back to the foundation of modern Sweden, when Götaland, the land of the Geats, merged with Svealand, the land of the Swedes, to form the country, while Norrland and Österland (the latter now Finland) were added later. The lands have no administrative function but are still seen by many Swedes as an important part of their identity.

Contents

Subdivision


The lands have no administrative functions[a] or coats of arms, but are in common use when referring to different parts of the country, including in all nationwide weather reports in Swedish media.

Areas and populations of the lands:

Land Population
(2016)[1]
Area
(km2)
Den. Num. of
prov.
Provinces
Götaland 4,776,001 97,841 50 10 Scania, Blekinge, Halland, Småland, Öland, Gotland, Östergötland, Västergötland, Dalsland and Bohuslän
Svealand 4,044,083 91,098 44 6 Södermanland, Uppland, Västmanland, Närke, Värmland and Dalarna
Norrland 1,175,039 261,292 4.5 9 Gästrikland, Hälsingland, Härjedalen, Jämtland, Medelpad, Ångermanland, Västerbotten, Norrbotten and Lappland

Historical lands


Sweden was historically divided into the four lands: Götaland (with exception of Scania, Blekinge, Halland and Bohuslän until the 17th Century), Svealand, Norrland and Österland. Large parts of Norrland was only inhabited by the Sami people and the border towards Norway was unclear in the far north.

In the Second Treaty of Brömsebro (1645) Denmark-Norway ceded the Norwegian provinces of Jämtland and Härjedalen to Sweden. These provinces are part of Norrland. In the Treaty of Roskilde (1658), Denmark-Norway ceded Scania, Blekinge and Halland (Skåneland) and Bohuslän to Sweden. These provinces are since then part of Götaland.

After the Finnish War (1808–1809), the eastern part of Sweden was ceded to Russia, thus becoming the Imperial Russian Grand Duchy of Finland, with Norrland divided between these two states. The Swedish portion of Norrland still represents more than half of Sweden's territory; it remains, however, sparsely populated compared to the south and middle.

See also


References


  1. ^ "Folkmängd i landskapen den 31 december 2016" (in Swedish). Statistics Sweden. 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2017-11-24.

Notes


  1. ^ Although the Courts of appeal in Sweden are named in part after Lands, their jurisdictions overlap, but do not match that of the Lands.

External links


Media related to Category:Lands of Sweden at Wikimedia Commons








Categories: Lands of Sweden | Historical regions | Former subdivisions of Sweden




Information as of: 08.06.2021 01:08:43 CEST

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