Library Services and Technology Act
Library Services and Technology Act
|Other short titles|
- Museum and Library Services Act
- Museum and Library Services Act of 1996
|Long title||An Act to provide for library services and technology under Museum and Library Services Act, with an emphasis on library services and technology, access, and literacy programs for underserved communities.|
|Nicknames||Omnibus Consolidated Appropriations Act, 1997|
|Enacted by||the 104th United States Congress|
|Effective||September 30, 1996|
|Public law||104-208 |
|Statutes at Large||110 Stat. 3009 aka 110 Stat. 3009-295|
|Titles amended||20 U.S.C.: Education|
|U.S.C. sections created||20 U.S.C. ch. 72, subch. II § 9121 et seq.|
|Legislative history |
- Introduced in the House as H.R. 3610 by Bill Young (R–FL) on June 11, 1996
- Committee consideration by House Appropriations, Senate Appropriations
- Passed the House on September 28, 1996 (Passed without objection, in lieu H.R. 4278 )
- Passed the Senate on September 30, 1996 (84-15 Roll call vote 302 , via Senate.gov, in lieu of H.R. 4278 )
- Reported by the joint conference committee on September 28, 1996; agreed to by the House on September 28, 1996 (370-37 Roll call vote 455 , via Clerk.House.gov) and by the Senate on September 30, 1996 (Passed voice vote)
- Signed into law by President William J. Clinton on September 30, 1996
The Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA) was signed on October 1, 1996, by United States President Bill Clinton. LSTA is a United States federal library grant program. Its roots come from the Library Services Act that was first enacted in 1956. LSTA replaced the Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA) that was first enacted in 1962. The new act was developed by the American Library Association (ALA) and other library groups.
Many changes occurred with the passage of LSTA. The original act, Library Services and Construction Act (LSCA), allocated funds for construction of buildings, but LSTA has an emphasis on technology. The new priority is the creation of technological infrastructure. Another change that occurred with the passage of LSCA was the responsibility of library services. This responsibility was originally a part of the Department of Education. It was moved to the newly created, independent federal agency called the Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS). The range of libraries served also changed with the enactment of LSTA. Originally, public libraries were primarily served by LSCA. With the passage of LSTA, all types of libraries are served, including public, school, academic, and special.
Not all initiatives under LSCA have changed with the enactment of LSTA. Priorities, like services to the under-served and rural areas, are still supported.
LSCA is a federally funded state-based program generally administered by the state library of each state. Specific funding categories are set by each state based on a long-range plan filed with the IMLS.
State Libraries LSTA Resources and Five-Year Plans
- ^ Flagg, Gordon. "News Fronts Washington." American Libraries, December 1995.
- ^ a b c Gregory, Gwen. "The Library Services and Technology Act: How Changes from LSCA are Affecting Libraries." Public Libraries, Vol. 38, no. 6, 1999: p. 378-82.
American Library Association, Fight to Defend Federal Funding for Libraries
Categories: 1996 in law | 104th United States Congress | United States federal legislation | Library law | 1996 in the United States
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