List of current monarchies - en.LinkFang.org

List of current monarchies


This is a list of current monarchies. As of 2019, there are 44 sovereign states in the world with a monarch as Head of state. 13 in Asia, 12 in Europe, 10 in North America, 6 in Oceania and 3 in Africa.

Contents

Types of monarchy


These are roughly the categories which modern monarchies fall into:

Lines of succession


Some of the extant sovereign monarchies have lines of succession that go back to the medieval period or antiquity:

Current monarchies


Monarchy Official local name Title of Head of State Title of Head of Government Type of Monarchy Succession
Current
constitution
 Principality of Andorra [2] In Catalan; Principat d'Andorra Co-Princes Prime Minister Constitutional Ex officio 1993
 Antigua and Barbuda[3] In English; Antigua and Barbuda Queen Hereditary 1981
 Commonwealth of Australia[4] In English; Commonwealth of Australia Queen 1901
 Commonwealth of the Bahamas[5] In English; Commonwealth of the Bahamas Queen 1973
 Kingdom of Bahrain[6] In Arabic; Mamlakat al- Baḥrayn King Mixed 2002
 Barbados[7] In English; Barbados Queen Constitutional 1966
 Kingdom of Belgium[8] In Dutch; Koninkrijk België

In French; Royaume de Belgique In German; Königreich Belgien

King Hereditary 1 1831
 Belize[9] In English; Belize Queen Hereditary 1981
 Kingdom of Bhutan[10] In Dzongkha; Druk Gyal Khap King 2007
 Brunei Darussalam[11] In Malay; Negara Brunei Darussalam Absolute 1959
 Kingdom of Cambodia In Khmer; Preăh Réachéanachâk Kâmpŭchéa King Prime Minister Constitutional Hereditary and elective 1993
 Canada In English and French; Canada Queen Hereditary 1867
Kingdom of Denmark[12] In Danish; Kongeriget Danmark Queen 1953
 Kingdom of Eswatini[13] In Swazi; Umbuso weSwatini
In English; Kingdom of Eswatini
King Absolute Hereditary and elective 1968
 Grenada[14] In English; Grenada Queen Constitutional Hereditary 1974
 Jamaica[15] In English; Jamaica 1962
 Japan[16] In Japanese; 日本国 (Nippon-koku/Nihon-koku) Emperor 1947
 State of Kuwait[17] In Arabic; Dawlat al-Kuwait Emir Mixed Hereditary and elective 1962
 Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan[18] In Arabic; al-Mamlakah al-Urdunīyah al-Hāshimīyah King 1952
 Kingdom of Lesotho[19] In Sotho; Muso oa Lesotho

In English; Kingdom of Lesotho

King Constitutional 1993
 Principality of Liechtenstein[20] In German; Fürstentum Liechtenstein Sovereign Prince Mixed Hereditary 1862
 Grand Duchy of Luxembourg[21] In French; Grand-Duché de Luxembourg

In German; Großherzogtum Luxemburg

In Luxembourgish; Groussherzogtum Lëtzebuerg

Grand Duke Constitutional 1868
 Malaysia[22] In Malay; Malaysia Yang di-Pertuan Agong Elective 1957
 Principality of Monaco[23] In French; Principauté de Monaco

In Monégasque; Principatu de Múnegu

Sovereign Prince Minister of State Mixed Hereditary 1911
 Kingdom of Morocco[24] In Arabic; al-Mamlaka al-Maghribiyya

In Berber; Tageldit n Lmaɣrib

King Prime Minister 1631
 Kingdom of the Netherlands[25] In Dutch; Koninkrijk der Nederlanden

In West Frisian; Keninkryk fan de Nederlannen

King Constitutional 1815
 New Zealand [26] In English; New Zealand

In Maori; Aotearoa

Queen 1907
 Kingdom of Norway[27] In Bokmål; Kongeriket Norge

In Nynorsk; Kongeriket Noreg

King 1814
 Sultanate of Oman[28] In Arabic; Salṭanat ‘Umān Absolute 1996
 Independent State of Papua New Guinea[29] In English; Independent State of Papua New Guinea

In Tok Pisin; Independen Stet bilong Papua Niugini

In Hiri Motu Papua Niu Gini

Queen Prime Minister Constitutional 1975
 State of Qatar[30] In Arabic; Dawlat Qaṭar Emir Absolute 2004
 Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis[31] In English; Federation of Saint Christopher and Nevis Queen Constitutional 1983
 Saint Lucia[32] In English; Saint Lucia Queen 1979
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[33] In English; Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Queen 1979
 Kingdom of Saudi Arabia[34] In Arabic; Al-Mamlakah al-Arabiyah as-Sa'ūdiyah Absolute Hereditary and elective 19922
 Solomon Islands In English; Solomon Islands Queen Prime Minister Constitutional Hereditary 1978
 Kingdom of Spain In Spanish; Reino de España King President of the Government 1978
 Kingdom of Sweden[35] In Swedish; Konungariket Sverige Prime Minister 1974
 Kingdom of Thailand[36] In Thai; Ratcha Anachak Thai King 2017
 Kingdom of Tonga[37] In Tonga; Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga
In English; Kingdom of Tonga
1970
 Tuvalu[38] In English; Tuvalu Queen 1978
 United Arab Emirates[39] In Arabic; Dawlat al-ʾImārāt al-ʿArabiyyah al-Muttaḥidah President Federal Hereditary and elective 1971
 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland[40] In English: United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
In Welsh: Teyrnas Unedig Prydain Fawr a Gogledd Iwerddon
In Irish: Ríocht Aontaithe na Breataine Móire agus Thuaisceart Éireann
In Scots Gaelic: Rìoghachd Aonaichte Bhreatainn agus Èirinn a Tuath
Queen Constitutional Hereditary 1701
  Vatican City State[41] In Latin; Status Civitatis Vaticanae
In Italian; Stato della Città del Vaticano
Pope President of the Pontifical Commission Absolute Elective 1920

See also


Footnote


^1 Belgium is the only existing popular monarchy – a system in which the monarch's title is linked to the people rather than a state. The title of Belgian kings is not King of Belgium, but instead King of the Belgians. Another unique feature of the Belgian system is that the new monarch does not automatically assume the throne at the death or abdication of his predecessor; he only becomes monarch upon taking a constitutional oath.

^2 Basic Law of Saudi Arabia[42][43][44]

References


  1. ^ D.M. (2 June 2017). "Why is the Japanese monarchy under threat?" . The Economist. Archived from the original on 25 August 2018. Retrieved 4 June 2017.
  2. ^ "Europe :: Andorra" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  3. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Antigua and Barbuda" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-06-26. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  4. ^ "Australia-Oceania :: Australia" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-07-03. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  5. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: The Bahamas" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-08-12. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  6. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Bahrain" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  7. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Barbados" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-02-14. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  8. ^ "Europe :: Belgium" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-07-10.
  9. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Belize" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2013-05-13.
  10. ^ "Asia ::Bhutan" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  11. ^ "Asia ::Brunei Darussalam" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  12. ^ "Europe::Denmark" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-09-18. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  13. ^ "Africa:: Eswatini" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-10-16. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  14. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Grenada" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  15. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Jamaica" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  16. ^ "Asia :: Japan" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  17. ^ "Asia :: Kuwait" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2014-07-02. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  18. ^ "Asia :: Jordan" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  19. ^ "Africa :: Lesotho" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2007-06-12. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  20. ^ "Europe:: Liechtenstein" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-07-10. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  21. ^ "Europe:: Luxembourg" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-11-17. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  22. ^ "Asia:: Malaysia" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-12-28. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  23. ^ "Europe:: Monaco" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  24. ^ "Africa:: Morocco" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2012-09-30. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  25. ^ "Europe:: Netherlands" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  26. ^ "Australia-Oceania :: New Zealand" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-07-03. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  27. ^ "Europe :: Norway" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-26. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  28. ^ "Asia:: Oman" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-05-16. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  29. ^ "Asia :: Papua New Guinea" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2011-04-10. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  30. ^ "Asia:: Qatar" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-07-16. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  31. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Saint Kitts and Nevis" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  32. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Saint Lucia" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2018-01-28. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  33. ^ "Central America and Caribbean :: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2017-11-24. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  34. ^ "Asia :: Saudi Arabia" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-05-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  35. ^ "Europe:: Sweden" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-11-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  36. ^ "Europe:: Thailand" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-12-29. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  37. ^ "Australia-Oceania :: Tonga" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-05-27. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  38. ^ "Australia-Oceania :: Tuvalu" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2019-08-17. Retrieved 2016-07-12.
  39. ^ "Asia:: United Arab Emirates" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2016-05-21. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  40. ^ "Europe:: United Kingdom" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2015-10-04. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  41. ^ "Europe :: Holy See" . CIA The World Factbook. Archived from the original on 2010-07-11. Retrieved 2016-07-11.
  42. ^ Saudi Arabia - Constitution Archived 2007-02-06 at the Wayback Machine
  43. ^ "Empty Reforms: Saudi Arabia's New Basic Laws May 1992" . Archived from the original on 2016-03-05. Retrieved 2016-12-04.
  44. ^ http://saudinf.com/main/c541.htm Archived 2000-10-04 at the Wayback Machine The Basic Law - Saudi Arabia Information









Categories: Monarchies | Forms of government | Countries by form of government




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