List of international trips made by Mikhail Gorbachev


This is a list of international trips made by Mikhail Gorbachev as the eighth and last leader of the Soviet Union. In this role he was General Secretary of the Communist Party from 1985 until 1991 as well as Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet from 1988 to 1989 and President of the Soviet Union from 1990 to 1991.

Contents

Summary of visits


1985

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1985:

Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 France Paris 2-5 October[1] Met with President François Mitterrand.[2]
 Netherlands The Hague 2 November [3]
  Switzerland Geneva 19-21 November See Geneva Summit (1985)
 Bulgaria Sofia 8 December Warsaw Pact summit[4]

1986

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1986:

Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 East Germany East Berlin 17-21 April 11th Congress of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany[5][6]
 Hungary Budapest 8-12 June State visit and Warsaw Pact summit.[7][8][9][10][11]
 Poland Warsaw 29 June-3 July state visit[12]
 Iceland Reykjavik 11-12 October See Reykjavík Summit[13]
 Austria Vienna October Working visit[14]
 India New Delhi 25-28 November [15][16][17][18][19]

1987

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1987:

Country Cities visited Date(s) Details
 Czechoslovakia Prague
Bratislava
9-12 April state visit[20] It was postponed for four days due to Gorbachev having a "cold".[21][22] This also caused him to end his trip a day early so he could get a some rest before meeting with Secretary James Baker of the US the following week.[23]
 France Paris May state visit[24]
Romania Bucharest 25-28 May [25][26][27][28][29][30]
 United States Washington, D.C. 7–10 December Signing of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty. See Washington Summit (1987).[31]

1988

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1988:

Country Locations visited Date(s) Details
 Yugoslavia Belgrade 14-19 March State visit[32][33][34]
 Poland Warsaw
Kraków
Szczecin
11-17 July state visit[35] and Warsaw Pact summit[36][37][38][39]
 United States New York City 11-12 October Gorbachev left the Warsaw Pact Summit early due to the 1988 Spitak earthquake which struck the Armenian S.S.R. that same day.[40] See Governors Island Summit.
 India New Delhi 17-21 November [41][42]

1989

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1989:

Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 Ireland Shannon, County Clare 2 April Stopover visit en route to Cuba. Met with Taoiseach Charles Haughey and Tánaiste Brian Lenihan Snr at Shannon Airport.[43][44]
 Cuba Havana 2-5 April State visit[45][46][47][48][49]
 United Kingdom London 6-8 April He was also received at Heathrow Airport by Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher with full military honors provided by the Queen's Colour Squadron.[50] He was also received with full military honors from the Coldstream Guards at Windsor Castle with Queen Elizabeth II.[51]
 China Beijing 15-18 May See 1989 Sino-Soviet Summit[52][53][54]
 West Germany Bonn 12-16 June [55][56][57]
 France Paris
Strasbourg
4-6 July [58][59][60][61][62][63]
 East Germany East Berlin 6-7 October Attended the GDR's ruby jubilee military parade and celebrations.[64][65][57]
 Finland Helsinki
Oulu
25-27 October State visit. Met with President Mauno Koivisto and Prime Minister Harri Holkeri[66][67][68]
  Vatican Vatican City 29 November Met with Pope John Paul II.[69][70]
 Italy Rome 29 November-1 December[71] State Visit[72][73][74][75][76]
 Malta Birżebbuġa (Maksim Gorkiy) 1-3 December See Malta Summit[77][78]

1990

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1990:

Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 Canada Ottawa 29-30 May He visited on a 36-hour stopover to Washington, in which he was received by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and Governor General Ray Hnatyshyn, with the latter welcoming him with full honors at the airport by the RCMP.[79][80][81][82][83][84]
 United States Washington
Camp David
30 May-3 June Signed the 1990 Chemical Weapons Accord. See Washington Summit
 Finland Helsinki 9 September Discussed the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait with U.S. President George H.W. Bush.[85][86][87] See Helsinki Summit
 France Paris 19 November Signing of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe.

1991

The following are the international trips made by Gorbachev in 1991:

Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 Japan Tokyo 15-19 April [88][89][90]
 South Korea Seoul 19 April [91]
 Norway Oslo 4-5 June Nobel Peace Prize acceptance[92]
 Sweden Stockholm 6 June Working visit. met with Prime Minister Ingvar Carlsson and Brazilian President Fernando Collor de Mello.[93]
 United Kingdom London 17 July He attended the 17th G7 summit at the invitation of Prime Minister John Major.
 Spain Madrid 29-30 October See Madrid Conference of 1991

Cancelled visits


Country Areas visited Date(s) Details
 Mexico Mexico City 1987 [94][95]
 Greece Athens 1987 [96]
 Cuba Havana 1988
 Norway Oslo 10 December 1990 Was supposed to accept the Nobel Peace Prize[97][98]

See also


External links


References


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Categories: Mikhail Gorbachev | 20th century-related lists | 20th century in international relations | Diplomacy-related lists | Diplomatic visits from Russia | Geography-related lists | Russia history-related lists | Foreign relations of the Soviet Union




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