Louis I, Duke of Bourbon


Louis I
Duke of Bourbon
Born1279
Died1341 (aged 61–62)
SpouseMary of Avesnes
IssuePeter I, Duke of Bourbon
Joanna, Countess of Forez
Margaret of Bourbon
Marie, Latin Empress
Philip of Bourbon
James of Bourbon
James I, Count of La Marche
Beatrice, Queen of Bohemia
HouseBourbon
FatherRobert, Count of Clermont
MotherBeatrix of Burgundy

Louis I, called the Lame (1279 – 22 January 1341) was Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis and La Marche and the first Duke of Bourbon.

Contents

Life


Louis was born in Clermont-en-Beauvaisis, the son of Robert, Count of Clermont, and a grandson of King Louis IX of France.[1] Louis' mother was Beatrix of Burgundy, heiress of Bourbon and a granddaughter of Hugh IV, Duke of Burgundy.[1]

He fought on the losing side in the Battle of the Golden Spurs (1302)[2] and in the Battle of Mons-en-Pévèle (1304), but managed to escape unharmed. In 1310, he was made Grand Chambrier of France. In 1327, Charles IV of France persuaded him to exchange the County of Clermont for that of La Marche, and elevated Bourbon to a duchy-peerage.[3] However, Clermont was restored to him by Philip VI of France in 1331. He belonged to Philip VI's small circle of trusted advisors.

Duke Louis is reported to have been somewhat mentally unstable, in particular suffering from nervous breakdowns. The trait is believed to have been hereditary, with his granddaughter Joanna of Bourbon, her son, King Charles VI of France, and Charles' grandson, King Henry VI of England, all displaying similar symptoms.[citation needed]

He was buried in the now-demolished church of the Couvent des Jacobins in Paris.

Family and children


In 1310, Louis married Mary of Avesnes,[4] daughter of John II of Avesnes, Count of Hainaut and Holland by Philippa of Luxembourg. They had eight children:

  1. Peter I, Duke of Bourbon (1311–1356), married Isabella of Valois, had issue. Peter was killed at the Battle of Poitiers.[5]
  2. Joanna (1312–1402), married in 1324 Guigues VII, Count of Forez
  3. Margaret (1313–1362), married on 6 July 1320 Jean II de Sully, married in 1346 Hutin de Vermeilles
  4. Marie of Bourbon, Latin Empress (1315–1387, Naples), married first in Nicosia in January 1330 Guy of Lusignan (d. 1343), titular Prince of Galilee,[6] married second on 9 September 1347 Robert of Taranto, the titular Latin Emperor.[6]
  5. Philip (1316 – aft. 1327)
  6. James (1318)
  7. James I, Count of La Marche (1319 – 1362), killed at the Battle of Brignais, from whom the later royal Bourbons descend.
  8. Beatrice of Bourbon (1320 – 23 December 1383, Danvillers), married first at Vincennes in 1334 John of Luxembourg, King of Bohemia as his second wife,[7] married secondly c. 1347 Eudes II of Grancey (d. 1389)

From a relation to Jeanne de Bourbon-Lancy, dame de Clessy, he had several illegitimate children:

Ancestors


Patrilineal descent

In fiction


Louis is a supporting character in Les Rois maudits (The Accursed Kings), a series of French historical novels by Maurice Druon. He was portrayed by Robert Nogaret in the 1972 French miniseries adaptation of the series, and by M. Radecu in the 2005 adaptation.

Notes


  1. ^ a b Viard 1937, p. 223.
  2. ^ Verbruggen 2002, p. 56.
  3. ^ Henneman, Jr. 1995, p. 138.
  4. ^ Warner 2016, p. v.
  5. ^ Nicolle 2004, p. 65.
  6. ^ a b Topping 1975, p. 132.
  7. ^ Boehm & Fajt 2005, p. xvi.

References


Preceded by
Robert
Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1317–1327
Vacant
New title Duke of Bourbon
1327–1342
Succeeded by
Peter I
Vacant
Title last held by
Charles the Fair
Count of La Marche
1327–1342
Vacant Count of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis
1331–1342








Categories: 1279 births | 1341 deaths | 14th-century peers of France | Counts of Clermont-en-Beauvaisis | Counts of La Marche | Dukes of Bourbon | House of Bourbon (France) | Princes of Achaea | Titular Kings of Thessalonica | Royalty and nobility with disabilities




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