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Spinulum annotinum


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Spinulum annotinum

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Lycophytes
Class: Lycopodiopsida
Order: Lycopodiales
Family: Lycopodiaceae
Genus: Spinulum
Species:
S. annotinum
Binomial name
Spinulum annotinum
(L.) A.Haines
Synonyms
  • Lycopodium bryophyllum C.Presl
  • Lepidotis annotina (L.) P.Beauv.
  • Lycopodium annotinum (L.)

Spinulum annotinum, synonym Lycopodium annotinum, known as interrupted club-moss,[1] or stiff clubmoss[2], is a species of clubmoss native to forests of the colder parts of North America (Greenland, St. Pierre & Miquelon, all 10 provinces and all 3 territories of Canada, Alaska, and mountains of the contiguous United States),[3] as well as Asia (China, Russia, Japan, Korea, Nepal, Assam),[4] and most of Europe.[5] The genus Spinulum is accepted in the Pteridophyte Phylogeny Group classification of 2016 (PPG I),[6] but not in other classifications, which submerge the genus in Lycopodium.[7]

Spinulum annotinum is a common and widespread club-moss spreading by means of horizontal stems running along the surface of the ground. It is usually unbranched or sparingly branched, each branch containing a cone at the top. Leaves have minute teeth on their edges.[8][9][10]

References


  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007" . Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  2. ^ "Lycopodium annotinum" . Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 24 June 2015.
  3. ^ "Spinulum annotinum" . State-level distribution map from the North American Plant Atlas (NAPA). Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2014.
  4. ^ Zhang, Li-Bing; Iwatsuki, Kunio. "Lycopodium annotinum" . Flora of China. 2 – via eFloras.org , Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  5. ^ Altervista Flora Italiana, Licopodio gineprino, Lycopodium annotinum L. includes photos and European distribution map
  6. ^ PPG I (2016). "A community-derived classification for extant lycophytes and ferns". Journal of Systematics and Evolution. 54 (6): 563–603. doi:10.1111/jse.12229 .
  7. ^ Christenhusz, Maarten J.M. & Chase, Mark W. (2014). "Trends and concepts in fern classification" . Annals of Botany. 113 (9): 571–594. doi:10.1093/aob/mct299 . PMC 3936591 . PMID 24532607 .
  8. ^ Wagner Jr., Warren H.; Beitel, Joseph M. (1993). "Lycopodium annotinum" . In Flora of North America Editorial Committee (ed.). Flora of North America North of Mexico (FNA) . 2. New York and Oxford – via eFloras.org , Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, MO & Harvard University Herbaria, Cambridge, MA.
  9. ^ Aiken, S.G.; Dallwitz, M.J.; Consaul, L.L.; McJannet, C.L.; Boles, R.L.; Argus, G.W.; Gillett, J.M.; Scott, P.J.; Elven, R.; LeBlanc, M.C.; Gillespie, L.J.; Brysting, A.K.; Solstad, H.; Harris, J.G. (2011). Lycopodium annotinum L. subsp. alpestre (Hartm.) Á. Löve and D. Löve . Flora of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago. Ottawa: NRC Research Press, National Research Council of Canada.
  10. ^ "Lycopodium annotinum L., Lycopode à rameaux annuels" . Tela Botanica (in French).

External links











Categories: NatureServe secure species | Lycopodiaceae | Plants described in 1753 | Flora of North America | Flora of Asia | Flora of Europe | Lycophyte stubs








Source: Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spinulum annotinum (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

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