Mineral painting - en.LinkFang.org

Mineral painting

Mineral painting or Keim's process, also known as stereochromy, is a mural or fresco painting technique that uses a water glass-based paint to maximize the lifetime of the finished work.

The name "stereochromy" was first used in about 1825 by Johann Nepomuk von Fuchs and Schlotthaurer.[1] In the original technique, pigments were applied to plaster or stone and sealed with water glass to preserve and enhance the colors.[2][3] The method was then improved in the 1880s by Adolf Wilhelm Keim and renamed mineral painting[4][5] or Keim's process.


Keim's process

Keim's process was reported in 1884 at the Royal Society of Arts in London, by chemist and craftsman Adolf Wilhelm Keim of Munich, as an improvement on the earlier stereochromy technique of Schlotthaner and von Fuchs.[6][7][8][9]

The process

Keim's focus on carefully preparing the painting ground came from his study of older frescos and their state of preservation.[10] Keim reportedly labored for twelve years to refine his process.[8]

See also


  1. ^ Doerner, Max (1984). The Materials of the Artist and Their Use in Painting: With Notes on the Techniques of the Old Masters, Revised Edition (First ed.). Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. p. 311. ISBN 9780156577168.
  2. ^ "Westward the Course of Empire Takes Its Way" . Architect of the Capitol | United States Capitol. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  3. ^ "Stereochromy - definition, etymology and usage, examples and related words" . www.finedictionary.com. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  4. ^ "Mineral painting - CAMEO" . cameo.mfa.org. Retrieved 30 August 2018.
  5. ^ Mayer, Ralph. A Dictionary of Art Terms and Techniques, Harper and Row Publishers, New York, 1969
  6. ^ Rivington, J. A. (February 15, 1884). "A New Process for Producing Permanent Mural Paintings, Invented by Adolf Keim, of Munich" . Journal of the Society of Arts. London: George Bell and Sons. 32 (1630): 245–257.
  7. ^ a b Jackson, F. Hamilton (1904). Mural Painting: Handbooks for the designer and craftsman . C. Scribner's Sons. ISBN 1112229248.
  8. ^ a b c "A New Process of Mural Painting" . The Builder. London: Henry Heathcote Statham. 46: 228. February 16, 1884.
  9. ^ Spon, Edward; Spon, Francis N. (1886). Spons' Mechanics' Own Book: A Manual for Handicraftsmen and Amateurs (2nd ed.). London: E. & F.N. Spon. pp. 423 –429. Keim's process.
  10. ^ Osgood, J. R.; et al. (1884). American Architect and Architecture . 15. p. 125.

Categories: Painting techniques | Fresco painting | Conservation and restoration of paintings | Visual arts stubs

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