Minsk National Airport


Minsk National Airport

Национальный аэропорт Минск

Natsional'nyy aeroport Minsk
Summary
Airport typePublic
ServesMinsk, Belarus
Opened1 July 1983[1]
Hub forBelavia
Time zoneEEST (UTC+03:00)
Elevation AMSL204 m / 669 ft
Coordinates
Websiteairport.by
Map
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
13R/31L 3,641 11,942 Concrete
13L/31R 3,700 12,139 Concrete
Statistics (2018)
Passengers4,536,644
Passenger change 2017–2018[2]10.3%
Sources: ACI's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report.

Minsk National Airport (formerly known as Minsk-2) (IATA: MSQ, ICAO: UMMS) (Belarusian: Нацыянальны аэрапорт Мінск, [natsɨjaˈnalʲnɨ aeraˈport mʲinsk]; Russian: Национальный аэропорт Минск) is the main international airport in Belarus, located 42 km (26 mi) to the east of the capital Minsk, geographically lying in the territory of Smalyavichy Raion but administratively being subordinated to Kastrychnitski District of Minsk. The airport serves as hub of the Belarusian flag carrier Belavia and the cargo carriers TransAVIAexport Airlines, Genex and Rubystar Airways.

Contents

History


Early years

Construction of Minsk-2 airport began in 1977. In 1979, a new runway 3,640-m-long and 60-m-wide became operational. By 1981 the Minsk-2 aerodrome was able to handle aircraft and the airport opened in 1982. The first passenger flight was operated with a Tupolev Tu-134.[3]

On 1 July 1983, the Second Joint Aviation Division of Minsk was established in accordance with the decision of the Ministry of Civil Aviation of USSR. This date is considered as the airport foundation day.[4][5]

Development since the 1990s

Regular flights began in 1983; by 1990 passenger traffic reached 2.2 million passengers. From 1991, the number of flights began to decline due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union and other consequent changes. By 1997, the number of the passengers was 516,000, in 1998 – 480,000, in 2000 – only 400,000 passengers. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the first million passengers was handled by Minsk National Airport in 2008. Due to the substantial growth in passenger traffic, 2008 became a significant mark for the airport.[6]

In 2020, the growth was stalled by the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020. Additionally from May 2021 all Belarusian airlines, mainly Belavia, have been banned from operating into the European Union as part of newly established sanctions.[7]

Airlines and destinations


Passenger

The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Minsk:[8]

AirlinesDestinations
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
airBaltic Riga (suspended)
Air China1 Beijing–Capital
Austrian Airlines Vienna (suspended)
Azimuth Mineralnye Vody
Belavia[9][10] Almaty, Amsterdam (suspended),[11] Baku, Barcelona (suspended), Batumi, Beirut, Belgrade (suspended), Berlin (suspended), Budapest (suspended), Charleroi (suspended), Chișinău (suspended), Dubai–International, Frankfurt (suspended), Geneva (suspended), Hanover (suspended), Helsinki (suspended), Istanbul, Kaliningrad (suspended), Kazan, Kharkiv (suspended), Krasnodar, Kyiv–Boryspil (suspended), Kyiv–Zhuliany (suspended), Larnaca (suspended), London–Gatwick (suspended), Lviv (suspended), Milan–Malpensa (suspended), Moscow–Domodedovo, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Moscow–Zhukovsky, Munich (suspended), Nizhny Novgorod, Nur-Sultan, Odessa (suspended), Paris–Charles de Gaulle (suspended), Prague (suspended), Riga (suspended), Rome–Fiumicino (suspended), Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Sochi, Stockholm–Arlanda (suspended), Tallinn (suspended), Tashkent,[12] Tbilisi, Tel Aviv, Ufa,[13][14] Vienna (suspended),[15] Vilnius (suspended), Voronezh, Warsaw–Chopin (suspended), Yerevan
Seasonal: Aktau,[16] Ashgabat, Karagandy, Kostanay, Palanga, Pavlodar, Reus (suspended)[17]
Seasonal charter: Antalya,[13] Bodrum,[13] Burgas (suspended),[13] Catania (suspended),[13] Dalaman,[13] Heraklion (suspended),[13] Hurghada,[13] İzmir,[13] Kavala (suspended),[18] Lamezia Terme (suspended),[13] Palma de Mallorca (suspended),[13] Patras (suspended),[13] Rhodes (suspended),[13] Rimini (suspended),[13] Sharm El Sheikh,[13][19] Thessaloniki (suspended),[18] Tirana,[20] Tivat, Varna (suspended)[13]
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi
flydubai Dubai–International[21]
Iraqi Airways Baghdad
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin (suspended)
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich (both suspended)
Motor Sich Airlines Zaporizhzhia (suspended)
Turkish Airlines Istanbul
Turkmenistan Airlines Ashgabat
Ural Airlines Moscow–Domodedovo
Utair Moscow–Vnukovo
Seasonal: Surgut
Uzbekistan Airways Tashkent

Notes: ^1 : Air China's flight from Beijing to Budapest stops in Minsk, but the return flight from Budapest to Beijing is nonstop. Air China does not have local traffic rights for the Minsk – Budapest sector.[22]

Cargo

AirlinesDestinations
Genex[23] Warsaw–Chopin (suspended)
Transaviabaltika[24] Vilnius (suspended)
Turkish Cargo[25] Istanbul–Atatürk, Vienna

Statistics



See source Wikidata query and sources .

Traffic by calendar year. Official ACI Statistics[26]
Passengers Change from previous year Aircraft operations Change from previous year Cargo
(metric tons)
Change from previous year
2005 559,114 10.86% 5,456 2.83% 5,488 4.29%
2006 637,560 14.03% 6,144 12.61% 6,059 10.40%
2007 830,481 30.26% 7,590 23.54% 7,290 20.32%
2008 1,010,695 21.70% 9,256 21.95% 7,870 7.96%
2009 1,028,886 1.80% 9,341 0.92% 7,289 7.38%
2010 1,285,423 24.93% 11,020 17.97% 8,553 17.34%
2011 1,437,825 11.86% 13,686 24.19% 8,667 1.33%
2012 1,837,911 27.83% 14,947 9.27% 9,833 13.45%
2013 2,182,177 18.73% 16,586 11.00% 10,477 6.55%
2014 2,593,559 18.90% 20,036 20.90% 19,905 89.99%
2015 2,782,866 7.30% 20,365 1.64% N.D. N.D.
2016 3,429,112 23.2% 23,034 13.1% N.D. N.D.
2017 4,114,512 20.0% 24,508 6.4% N.D. N.D.
2018 4,536,644 10.3% 26,103 6.5% 20,217 N.D.
Source: Airports Council International. World Airport Traffic Reports
(Years 2005,[27] 2006,[28] 2007,[29] 2009,[30] 2011,[31] 2012,[32] 2013,[33] and 2014[34]);
Official website[26] (Years 2015, 2016, 2017 and 2018).

Ground transportation


The airport is located 42 km (26 mi) east of Minsk, and is linked with the city with a toll-free (for non-BY registered cars) highway. Free short term parking is available in front of the terminal. Minsk National Airport is linked to the capital by the M2 motorway. Bus, train, taxi and parking services are provided.[35] The airport is served by buses 300Э and 173Э departing from Centralny bus station.

Incidents and accidents


See also


References


  1. ^ UMMS. "Minsk National Airport" . airport.by. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. ^ "Показатели деятельности предприятия | Национальный аэропорт Минск" . airport.by. Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2019.
  3. ^ "История аэропорта | Национальный аэропорт Минск" . airport.by (in Russian). Archived from the original on 28 June 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  4. ^ "Национальный аэропорт "Минск": 35 лет | Национальный аэропорт Минск" . airport.by (in Russian). Archived from the original on 13 April 2019. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Минск (Аэродром)" . ekskursii.by. Archived from the original on 1 August 2018. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  6. ^ "Airport History - Minsk National Airport" . Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  7. ^ "EU imposes new economic sanctions on Belarus over 'hijacked' flight" . the Guardian. 25 May 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  8. ^ airport.by - Season Timetable retrieved 19 September 2020
  9. ^ irishtimes.com - EU agrees sanctions on Belarus after forced landing of Ryanair flight 24 May 2021
  10. ^ en.belavia.by - Timetable retrieved 17 September 2020
  11. ^ "Wit-Russisch Belavia moet nu alsnog lijndienst naar Schiphol schrappen" . Luchtvaartnieuws.nl. Retrieved 5 June 2021.
  12. ^ Liu, Jim. "Belavia resumes Tashkent service from July 2020" . Routesonline. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p "Timetable" . www.tez-tour.com.
  14. ^ "Belavia open flights to Ufa" . www.en.belavia.by.
  15. ^ "Belarusian Belavia to launch Minsk-Vienna flight" . eng.belta.by. BelTA – News from Belarus. 4 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  16. ^ Liu, Jim. "Belavia S20 Kazakhstan network additions" . Routesonline. Retrieved 8 January 2020.
  17. ^ Liu, Jim (20 January 2020). "Belavia adds Reus service in S20" . Routesonline. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  18. ^ a b "Flight" . mouzenidis.com.
  19. ^ "Belavia resumes charter flights to Sharm el-Sheikh" . 20 April 2016. Retrieved 30 May 2017.
  20. ^ https://www.airportia.com/flights/b28383/minsk/tirana/
  21. ^ "Flydubai to launch flights to Minsk" .
  22. ^ L, J (16 March 2015). "Air China Adds Minsk / Budapest Service from May 2015" . Airline Route. Retrieved 16 March 2015.
  23. ^ Liu, Jim. "AIR CARGO CARRIAGE" . genex.by. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  24. ^ transaviabaltika.lt - About us retrieved 27 September 2020
  25. ^ Turkish Airlines Cargo Winter Schedule Archived 4 June 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  26. ^ a b "Показатели деятельности предприятия - Национальный аэропорт Минск" . Archived from the original on 4 July 2019. Retrieved 24 February 2018.
  27. ^ Airport Council International 's 2005 World Airport Traffic Report
  28. ^ Airport Council International 's 2006 World Airport Traffic Report
  29. ^ Airport Council International 's 2007 World Airport Traffic Report
  30. ^ Airport Council International Archived 11 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine's 2009 World Airport Traffic Report
  31. ^ Airport Council International 's 2011 World Airport Traffic Report
  32. ^ Airport Council International 's 2012 World Airport Traffic Report
  33. ^ Airport Council International 's 2013 World Airport Traffic Report
  34. ^ Airport Council International 's 2014 World Airport Traffic Report
  35. ^ "Transport - Minsk National Airport" . Archived from the original on 17 June 2019. Retrieved 3 June 2015.
  36. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Tupolev 134AK CCCP-65910 Nezhivka" .
  37. ^ "Kish Air aircraft strikes trees during landing" .
  38. ^ "Accident description" . Aviation Safety Network. Retrieved 27 October 2009.

External links


Media related to Minsk National Airport at Wikimedia Commons








Categories: Airports built in the Soviet Union | Airports in Belarus | Transport in Minsk




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