New Bedford, Massachusetts

New Bedford, Massachusetts
New Bedford Harbor
The Whaling City
Lucem Diffundo (Latin)
"I Diffuse Light"[1]
Location in Bristol County, Massachusetts
Country United States
State Massachusetts
 • TypeMayor–council
 • MayorJonathan F. Mitchell
 • City CouncilCouncilors-at-Large:
  • Ian Abreu
  • Naomi R.A. Carney
  • Brian K. Gomes
  • Linda M. Morad
Ward Councilors by Ward:
  1. William Markey
  2. Maria E. Giesta
  3. Hugh Dunn
  4. Derek Baptiste
  5. Scott J. Lima
  6. Joseph P. Lopes
 • School Committee
  • Jonathan F. Mitchell
  • Bruce J. Oliveira
  • Joshua Amaral
  • Christopher A. Cotter
  • Colleen Dawicki
  • Joaquim Livramento
  • John A. Oliveira
 • Total24.1 sq mi (62.5 km2)
 • Land20.0 sq mi (51.8 km2)
 • Water4.1 sq mi (10.7 km2)
50 ft (15 m)
 • Total95,072
 • Estimate 
 • Density3,900/sq mi (1,500/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
02740, 02744, 02745, 02746
Area code(s)508 / 774
FIPS code25-45000
GNIS feature ID0613714

New Bedford is a city in Bristol County, Massachusetts, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a population of 95,072, making it the state's sixth-largest city and the third-largest of the South Coast region, after Fall River and Taunton. New Bedford is nicknamed "The Whaling City" because it was one of the world's most important whaling ports in the nineteenth century, along with Nantucket, Massachusetts; and New London, Connecticut.[3] The city remains known for its fishing fleet and accompanying seafood industry, for its high concentration of Portuguese Americans, and as the primary setting of Herman Melville's 1851 novel Moby-Dick.



Before the 17th century, the lands along the Acushnet River were inhabited by the Wampanoag Native Americans, who had settlements throughout southeastern Massachusetts and Rhode Island, including Martha's Vineyard and Nantucket. Their population is believed to have been about 12,000.

On May 15, 1602, English explorer Bartholomew Gosnold landed on Cuttyhunk Island while exploring New England. From there, he explored Cape Cod and the neighboring areas, including the site of present-day New Bedford. However, rather than settle the area, he returned to England at the request of his crew.[citation needed]

Old Dartmouth

In 1652, a group of Quakers left the Plymouth Colony because, as pacifists, they disagreed with the Puritans' proposal to use taxes to fund a military. These Quakers established the first European settlement on the South Coast.[4] They purchased Old Dartmouth—a region that is now Dartmouth, Acushnet, New Bedford, Fairhaven, and Westport—from Chief Massasoit of the native Wampanoag to start a new society. Whether the transfer of the land was legitimately done has been the subject of intense controversy. Like other indigenous tribes, the Wampanoags did not share the settlers' concepts of private property. The tribe may have understood they were granting usage rights to the land, not giving it up permanently.[citation needed]

At first, Old Dartmouth's 115,000 acres (470 km2) of territory was devoid of major town centers, and had isolated farms and small villages instead.[5] At this time, the economy primarily ran on agriculture and fishing. The availability of land attracted many Quakers and Baptists from Newport and Portsmouth in Rhode Island, as well as more waves of Puritan migration.[citation needed]

King Philip's War

The rising European population and increasing demand for land led the colonists' relationship with the indigenous inhabitants of New England to deteriorate. European encroachment and disregard for the terms of the Old Dartmouth Purchase led to King Philip's War in 1675.[6] In this conflict, Wampanoag tribesmen, allied with the Narragansett and the Nipmuc, raided Old Dartmouth and other European settlements in the area.[6] Europeans in Old Dartmouth garrisoned in sturdier homes—John Russell's home at Russells Mills, John Cooke's home in Fairhaven, and a third garrison on Palmer Island.[6][7]

New Bedford

A section of Old Dartmouth near the west bank of the Acushnet River, originally called Bedford Village, was officially incorporated as the town of New Bedford on February 23, 1787 after the American Revolutionary War. The name was suggested by the Russell family, who were prominent citizens of the community. The Dukes of Bedford, a leading English aristocratic house, also bore the surname Russell. (Bedford, Massachusetts had been incorporated in 1729; hence "New" Bedford.)

The late 18th century was a time of growth for the town. A small whale fishery developed, as well as modest international trade. In the 1760s, between the Seven Years' War and the American Revolution, shipwrights, carpenters, mechanics, and blacksmiths, settled around New Bedford harbor, creating a skilled and comprehensive maritime community.

New Bedford's first newspaper, The Medley (also known as the New Bedford Marine Journal), was founded in 1792.[8] On June 12, 1792, the town set up its first post office. William Tobey was its first postmaster. The construction of a bridge (originally a toll bridge) between New Bedford and present-day Fairhaven in 1796 also spurred growth. (Fairhaven separated from New Bedford in 1812, forming an independent town that included both present-day Fairhaven and present-day Acushnet.)

Whaling City

Nantucket had been the dominant whaling port, though the industry was controlled by a cartel of merchants in Boston, Newport, and Providence. In the 1760s, Nantucket's most prominent whaling families moved to New Bedford, refining their own oil and making their own premium candles.

The American Revolutionary War completely paralyzed the whaling industry. British forces blockaded American ports and captured or destroyed American commercial ships; they even marched down King's Street in New Bedford (defiantly renamed Union Street after the Revolution) and set businesses on fire.

Nantucket was even more exposed, and the physical destruction, frozen economy, and import taxes imposed after the war obliterated previous fortunes. New Bedford also had a deeper harbor and was located on the mainland. As a result, New Bedford supplanted Nantucket as the nation's preeminent whaling port, and so began the Golden Age of Whaling.

After the War of 1812's embargo was lifted, New Bedford started amassing a number of colossal, sturdy, square-rigged whaling ships, many of them built at the shipyard of Mattapoisett. The invention of on-board tryworks, a system of massive iron pots over a brick furnace, allowed the whalers to render high quality oil from the blubber.[9] This allowed the whaling ships to go out to sea for as long as four years, processing their catch while at sea.[9] Ships from New Bedford came back to port with barrels of oil, spermaceti, and occasionally ambergris.[10]

Whaling dominated New Bedford's economy for much of the century, and many families of the city were involved with it as crew and officers of ships. The Quakers remained prominent and influential in New Bedford throughout the whaling era. They brought religious values into their business models, promoting stability as well as prosperity, investing in infrastructure projects such as rail, and employing without discrimination.[12] They established solid social and economic relationships with Boston, New York, and Philadelphia, integrating New Bedford into the urban northeastern economy.

Ten thousand men worked in the whaling industry. During this period, New Bedford's population increased from approximately 4,000 in 1820 to about 24,000 in 1860.[13] At the height of the whaling industry in 1857, the harbor hosted 329 vessels worth over $12 million, and New Bedford became the richest city per capita in the world.[14]

On March 18, 1847 the town of New Bedford officially became a city; Abraham Hathaway Howland was elected its first mayor.

Land of Opportunity

The Quakers of New Bedford applied their principles of egalitarianism and community-building in their businesses.[15] On the boats, at the docks, at the factories, or in the shops—British, Wampanoag, Cape Verdean, Azorean, Irish, and West African hands found work in New Bedford.[13]

New Bedford also became one of the first fermentation centers of abolitionism in North America, and an important stop on the Underground Railroad. Many people were attracted by New Bedford's relatively open-minded atmosphere. For example, Paul Cuffe—an Ashanti-Wampanoag Quaker and self-made tycoon[16]—among several other remarkable achievements earned black property owners in New Bedford the right to vote decades before Abraham Lincoln even signed the Emancipation Proclamation.[16] Lewis Temple, an African-American blacksmith, invented the Temple toggle iron, which was the most successful harpoon design.[17] Frederick Douglass, the famous social reformer and orator, also found amnesty in New Bedford and worked at the wharf for three years.[18]

Whaling decline

The whaling industry went into decline after the 1859 discovery of petroleum in Pennsylvania. Each decade since then saw a gradual decrease in whaling work, activity, and revenue. During the Civil War, the Confederacy engaged in commerce raiding with ships such as the Alabama, the Florida, and the Shenandoah, trying to attack the Yankee whaling industry and sabotage the US economy.[19] Additionally, the US federal government bought several inactive whalers, filled them with stones, sand, and dirt, and towed them to Charleston, South Carolina where the Union Navy sank what became known as the Stone Fleet in an unsuccessful attempt to blockade the Confederate bay.[19] Along with the poor business and low whale populations, this dealt a potent blow to a failing industry.

Textile industry

In the midst of this decline, greater New Bedford's economy became more dependent on the textile industry, which began to eclipse the whaling industry in the late 19th century. The mills grew and expanded constantly, eventually comprising multiple sites along the Acushnet River. In 1875 alone, the Wamsutta Mills processed 19,000 bales of cotton into 20 million yards of cloth, which had a wholesale value comparable to that of the entire whaling catch, and continued to produce over 20 million yards of cloth yearly after 1883.[20] The Wamsutta Mills remained the world's largest weaving plant until 1892.[21]

The textile mills redefined wealth in New Bedford, and gave birth to a prosperity greater than that of the whaling industry.[22] New Bedford, funded by industrial fortunes, developed a thriving art scene. The Mount Washington Glass Company (which later became Pairpoint) crafted works of glass and silver for the newly affluent class, and examples of these works can be seen today on the second floor of the New Bedford Whaling Museum.[citation needed]


Until 1800, New Bedford and its surrounding communities were, by and large, populated by Protestants of English, Scottish, Welsh, and Dutch origin. During the first half of the 19th century many Irish people came to Massachusetts. In 1818, Irish immigrants established the Catholic mission that built St. Mary's Church. Later in that century, immigrants from Portugal and its colonial possessions in the Atlantic—Cape Verde, the Azores, and Madeira—began arriving in New Bedford and the surrounding area, attracted by jobs in the whaling industry; many had family members who had worked on whaling ships. As the Portuguese community began to increase in population, it established the first Portuguese parish in the city, St. John the Baptist (1871). French Canadians also secured a foothold in New Bedford at about the same time, and they built the Church of the Sacred Heart in 1877.

Similarly, Polish immigrants began arriving in the late 19th century and established the parish of Our Lady of Perpetual Help in 1903. A number of Jewish families, arriving in the late 19th century, were active in the whaling industry, selling provisions and outfitting ships. During the years leading up to the First World War, a sizable eastern-European Jewish community joined them in New Bedford. Some became prominent merchants and businessmen, mainly in textiles and manufacturing.

Modern history

Fishing and manufacturing continue to be two of the largest businesses in the area, and healthcare has become a major employer. The three largest single employers based in New Bedford are Southcoast Hospitals Group, one of the top ten employers in Massachusetts (healthcare), Titleist (golf clubs, balls, apparel, manufacturing), and Riverside Manufacturing (apparel manufacturing).[citation needed]

According to a 2001 study by the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth Center for Policy Analysis, the three largest employment sectors in the Greater New Bedford area (the area includes New Bedford and Acushnet, Dartmouth, Fairhaven, Freetown, Lakeville, Marion, Mattapoisett, Rochester, and Wareham) were as follows: services (26% of total employment); wholesale trade (22%); manufacturing (19%). The largest industries by employment in the area were as follows: health services, eating and drinking places, wholesale trade, food stores, and social services.[citation needed]

In 2002, the city received $61,194,358 in taxation revenue, $44,536,201 in local receipts, and $12,044,152 classified as other available.

In 2005 the unemployment rate was 7.3%, having dropped throughout the 1990s from 12.5% to 5.3% in 2000, and then having risen to 10.4% in 2003. By 2009, in the midst of the economic crisis of the era, the unemployment rate got as high as 12.4%.

In 2005, the city received $104,925,772 for education, and $22,755,439 for general government from the State of Massachusetts.

In 2016, the city hopes its proximity to Massachusetts' southern coastline will allow it to become a center for the growing wind energy market. Three companies, OffshoreMW, Deepwater Wind, and DONG Energy, have leased portions of New Bedford's Marine Commerce Terminal for the staging of turbines and platforms.[23]


In 1847, the New Bedford Horticultural Society was begun by James Arnold.[24]

The Ash Street Jail, which houses inmates from Bristol County, is located in New Bedford. It opened in 1829 and is the oldest continuously operating jail in the United States.[25]

Fort Taber and Fort Rodman (also called the "Fort at Clark's Point") were built during the American Civil War and are now in Fort Taber Park. Both forts are often called Fort Taber, including in some references.[26]


New Bedford is located at (41.651803, −70.933705).[27] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.1 square miles (62.5 km2). Of the total area, 20.0 square miles (51.8 km2) is land, and 4.1 square miles (10.7 km2), or 17.13%, is water.[28] New Bedford is a coastal city, a seaport, bordered on the west by Dartmouth, on the north by Freetown, on the east by Acushnet and Fairhaven, and on the south by Buzzards Bay. From New Bedford's northern border with Freetown to the Buzzards Bay coast at Clark's Point the distance is approximately 14 miles (23 km). Across New Bedford east to west is a distance of about 2 miles (3.2 km). The highest point in the city is an unnamed hill crossed by Interstate 195 and Hathaway Road west of downtown, with an elevation greater than 180 feet (55 m) above sea level.[29]

New Bedford Harbor, a body of water shared with Fairhaven, is actually the estuary of the Acushnet River where it empties into Buzzards Bay. The river empties into the bay beyond Clark's Point, the southernmost point of the city. To the west of Clark's Point is Clark's Cove, which extends landward approximately one and a half mile from the bay. Just south of Palmer's Island, beginning near Fort Phoenix in Fairhaven, lies a two-mile-long hurricane barrier, constructed in the 1960s to protect the inner harbor where the fishing fleet anchors. Along with Palmer's Island, the city also lays claim to Fish Island and Pope's Island. Between these two islands lies one of the three sections, the central section, of the New Bedford-Fairhaven Bridge. The central span, a swing bridge, connects the two islands as well as allowing boats and ships passage to the upper harbor. Two conventional bridges connect each of the islands to the nearest mainland, Fish Island to New Bedford and Pope's Island to Fairhaven. In addition to the harbor, there are several small brooks and ponds within the city limits.


There are several parks and playgrounds, some with splash pads, scattered throughout the city, with the first four being primary parks:[30]

  • Abolition Row Park
  • Acushnet Cedar Swamp State Reservation
  • Allen C. Haskell Public Gardens
  • Ashley Park
  • Baby Kenney Tot Lot
  • Brooklawn Park
  • Buttonwood Park
  • Captain Jack Peterson Dog Park
  • Clasky Common Park
  • Custom House Square
  • Flora B. Pierce Nature Trail
  • Fort Rodman/Taber Park
  • Hazelwood Park
  • Marine Park at Pope's Island
  • New Bedford Covewalk
  • New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park
  • Ricketson's Nature Trail
  • River's End Park
  • Riverside Park
  • Roberto Clemente Park
  • Ross C. Mathieu Nature Trail
  • Victory Park Community Gardens


New Bedford has a cooler than normal version of a humid subtropical climate[31] that in many aspects resembles a humid continental one, but with slightly milder winters. In spite of being influenced by continental winds with large differences between seasons, temperatures are somewhat moderated compared to areas farther inland. There is high precipitation year-round, with winter being split between rainfall and snowfall.[32]

Climate data for New Bedford, Massachusetts (1991–2020 normals, extremes 1893–present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 67
Average high °F (°C) 38.1
Daily mean °F (°C) 30.1
Average low °F (°C) 22.1
Record low °F (°C) −10
Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.82
Average snowfall inches (cm) 10.9
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 11.3 10.6 11.8 12.2 11.3 9.6 7.9 9.0 9.7 8.3 10.3 11.6 123.6
Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in) 4.3 3.7 2.7 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 2.2 13.8
Source: NOAA[33][34]


New Bedford has had thirty unsolved homicides since 2000. Most stem from the ongoing feuds between gangs of the United Front and Monte Park neighborhoods (projects). The gangs are located in the south and west ends of the city.

On March 6, 1983, Cheryl Ann Araujo, 21, was gang-raped by four men on a pool table in Big Dan's tavern in New Bedford while other patrons watched, but did not intervene. During the prosecution, the defendants' attorneys cross-examined Araujo to such an extent that the case became widely seen as a template for "blaming the victim" in rape cases. The case also raised tensions between the Portuguese-American community and other ethnic groups in New Bedford, as the defendants were Portuguese immigrants. The 1988 film The Accused was loosely based on the incident, and the crime is referred to in Dennis Lehane's book Gone Baby Gone as well as its 2007 film adaptation.

In 2000, crime had dropped to a 20-year low. Some 3,166 total crimes tracked by the Crime Reporting Unit of the Massachusetts State Police, of which 789 were violent crimes (the lowest violent crime rate since 1975), and 2,377 were property crimes.[35] The city has been the site of some high-profile crimes.

On December 8, 2001, New Bedford was the site of the biggest cocaine drug arrest in Massachusetts history, yielding a total of 260 kilograms. The dealer was Rafael Yeje Cabrera.[36][37][38][39][40]

According to witnesses and police, on February 1, 2006, Jacob D. Robida attacked and seriously wounded three patrons of Puzzles Lounge, a New Bedford gay bar.[41] He fled to Arkansas where he murdered a female companion and a police officer and later died from wounds (seemingly self-inflicted) received in a shootout.[42][43][44][45]

New Bedford was featured on America's Most Wanted on February 11, 2006, for three unsolved murders: that of Marcus Cruz in 2001, Cecil Lopes III in 2004, and Dana Haywood in 2005, run as part of a report on the Stop Snitching phenomenon that has hindered police investigations nationwide.[46] America's Most Wanted senior correspondent Tom Morris, who spoke with sources in New Bedford for the piece, said he usually cannot discuss the number or content of calls in response to a particular segment. But he said he'd make an exception in this case. "I was amazed at how minimal the response was. I'm still wondering if we actually aired the show or not," he said. "We expected people to call in and maybe say 'Hey, I was there July 4 when Dana Haywood was killed' ... but we received no useful information." The show received just a handful of calls and one e-mail thanking its producers for running it, the fewest ever for any episode in the show's history, Mr. Morris said. "I've been doing this for 13 years," he said. "I was really surprised by this." He said the show, which aired Feb 11, received good ratings.[47]

On December 12, 2006, gunman Scott Medeiros shot and killed a doorman and a manager at the Foxy Lady strip club, shot a patron and two police officers, and then killed himself.[48][49][50][51][52][53][54][55]

On March 7, 2007, Michael Bianco, Inc., a leather products factory, was raided by Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents. 361 undocumented immigrants were arrested by approximately 300 federal, state and local law enforcement officers. About 90 were transported to Texas in preparation for deportation, some without being contacted by the Department of Social Services regarding any infants and toddlers without care. About 20 DSS case workers were sent to Texas to follow up on care of families.[56]

In recent years over 80 gang members from UFP, Monte Park, and the Latin Kings have been detained, indicted and imprisoned, curbing violence in 2007 and 2008. In May 2010, it was reported that "Not a single person arrested in the roundups since 2007 has yet been acquitted in the state superior or federal courts" and "gang-related shootings and homicides are down from the violent levels seen before 2007."[57]

In September 2017, New Bedford fishing mogul Carlos Rafael was sentenced to 46 months in prison after pleading guilty to lying to federal regulators about his catches.[58] Rafael, dubbed "the Codfather" by the local media, owned 40 fishing boats and controlled about one-quarter of New England's landing of groundfish.

New Bedford highway killings. 11 woman total, 9 bodies found, 2 missing till this day.



The Port of New Bedford is a major harbor for freight and passenger services, generating over $9.8 billion in economic value annually.[59] The port serves as a break-bulk handler of perishable items, including fruit, fish,[60] and a variety other cargo. The port is also a frequent stop for cruise ships, expecting an upwards of thirty cruise ship calls in 2006.[61] One public and several private marinas offer limited transient dockage for recreational boats.

A handful of private ferry services also originate from New Bedford. One such company, SeaStreak, offers catamaran fast ferry service to Oak Bluffs and Vineyard Haven, both in Martha's Vineyard,[62] as well as Nantucket.[63] A separate passenger line, the Cuttyhunk Ferry Company, runs scheduled ferry services from New Bedford to Cuttyhunk Island.[64] The neighboring town of Fall River is served by seasonal services to Newport and Block Island, both in the state of Rhode Island. The history of ferry service from New Bedford dates back to May 15, 1818, when a steamboat entitled The Eagle carried six hundred passengers across the Nantucket Sound.

New Bedford has historically been a major city for whaling and commercial fishing, and remains an important site for the latter to this day. As of 2020, the Port of New Bedford is the number one fishing port in the United States, in terms of dollar value of catch. New Bedford fisherman landed 124 million pounds of fish in 2015, valued at $322 million, and the fishing industry accounts for the vast majority of the Port's annual economic value.[59][65]


New Bedford Regional Airport (EWB), a towered Class D airport offering two 5,400-foot (1,600 m) runways and a precision Instrument Landing System, is located in the central portion of the city with easy access to major highways.

Frequent scheduled passenger service is provided to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard by Cape Air and Southern Airways Express. As of 2020, New Bedford Regional Airport serves as the New England Fleet Base for Southern Airways Express, providing maintenance, storage, and offices for the Airline.[66]

In addition, the Airport provides a wide-range of General Aviation and Corporate Jet services, including Aircraft Maintenance, Fuel, and Part 61 Flight Instruction.


Interstate 195 is the main freeway through central New Bedford, traveling from Providence, Rhode Island, to Wareham. Additionally, U.S. Route 6 runs from east to west through the city as well. US 6 leaves the city toward Cape Cod over the New Bedford-Fairhaven Bridge, a swing truss bridge, and the Popes Island Bridge. New Bedford also serves as the southern terminus of MA Route 140, which is a freeway that connects to MA Route 24 in Taunton on the road north to Boston. MA Route 18, the extension of the John F. Kennedy Memorial Highway (which travels through downtown), is a freeway for the short stretch connecting I-195 to US 6 and the port area.


The city bus terminal offers local and long-distance bus connections. A free shuttle bus connects the bus terminal and the ferries. The Southeastern Regional Transit Authority (SRTA) provides bus service between the city, Fall River, and the surrounding regions.[67]

Peter Pan Bus Lines makes a New Bedford stop on a New York City to Hyannis (Cape Cod) route. As of October 2006, private carrier DATTCO provides daily commuter bus service to Boston via Taunton.[68]


The MBTA has proposed renewing commuter rail service to the city.[69] As of May 14, 2006, total capital costs for commuter rail service to New Bedford were projected to be $800 million, and the project has not yet been funded by the state; which is still reeling financially from the financial excesses of the Big Dig project in Boston.[70] CSX Transportation (formerly Conrail) provides freight rail service to New Bedford, terminating at the New Bedford Rail Yard in the port area.[60] Until 1959, the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad provided train service to New Bedford from Boston and Providence via Taunton.

On March 15, 2017, MassDOT filed a notice of project change in order to advance South Coast Rail service serving both New Bedford and Fall River using the existing Middleborough/Lakeville Commuter Rail Line.[71]



New Bedford is governed by a Mayor-Council form of government. The City Council members serve two-year terms while the Mayor serves four-year terms, both positions having no term limits. The current mayor, former assistant U.S. Attorney Jonathan F. Mitchell, defeated State Representative Antonio F.D. Cabral in the 2011 mayoral election.[72]

The New Bedford Police Department patrols the city from four stations. The main station is on Rockdale Avenue in a converted supermarket plaza and replaces the former headquarters (located downtown). There are also branches in the North End (at the intersection of Tarkiln Hill Road and Ashley Boulevard), South End (along Cove Street near the end of Route 18), and Downtown (on Pleasant Street near City Hall). The Chief of Police is Joseph Cordeiro.

There are four post offices, the Central (modeled after New York's James A. Farley Post Office) located downtown, one in the South End, and two in the North End.

The city provides weekly trash and recycling pickup. The city also formerly operated a trash dump in the Mount Pleasant area of town between the regional airport and the Whaling City Golf Course. However, owing to pollution concerns, it was closed in the 1990s.


The Bristol County Sheriff's Office operates the Ash Street Jail and Regional Lock-Up and the Juvenile Secure Alternative Lock Up Program (JALP) in New Bedford. The Ash Street jail houses over 200 pre-trial prisoners and a few sentenced inmate workers for the system. JALP houses up to 12 pre-arraignment juvenile prisoners.[73]

State and federal

New Bedford is represented in the state legislature by officials elected from the following districts:

The Third Barracks of Troop D of the Massachusetts State Police, located nearby in Dartmouth, patrol New Bedford.

The city is part of Massachusetts's 9th congressional district, represented by U.S. Representative William R. Keating. The state's junior (Class I) U.S. Senator is Ed Markey, elected in a special election in 2013. The state's senior senator is Elizabeth Warren, re-elected in 2018.

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 17, 2018[76]
Party Number of voters Percentage
Unenrolled 28,235 48.52%
Democrat 25,043 43.03%
Republican 3,874 6.66%
Minor Political Parties/Designations 815 1.40%
Libertarian 231 0.40%
Total 58,198 100%

Fire department

The city of New Bedford is currently protected 24/7, 365 by the city of New Bedford Fire Department(NBFD).[77] Established in 1834, the New Bedford Fire Department currently operates out of seven Fire Stations, located throughout the city in two Districts, under the command of two District Chiefs per shift. The New Bedford Fire Department currently maintains and operates a fire apparatus fleet of seven Engines, three Ladders, one Fireboat, one Air Cascade Unit, one Foam Trailer, and one ARFF Crash Rescue Unit (cross staffed by Engine 7)based at New Bedford Regional Airport and 4 reserve apparatus (3 engines, 1 ladder). The NBFD is made up of 203 full-time uniformed professional firefighters, including a Chief of Department, a Deputy Chief, 10 District Chiefs, 12 Captains, 29 Lieutenants, 152 Firefighters, 4 Fire Investigators, and 5 Civilian Personnel. The New Bedford Fire Department responds to approximately 15,000 emergency calls annually.

In 2015, the New Bedford Fire Department received the "Class 1" ISO (Insurance Service Office) distinction becoming just the 3rd city in the state, Boston and Cambridge being the other two, to receive such a rating. New Bedford has been known to be a very aggressive interior attack department when responding to fire emergencies, and has been considered to be among the best in the state.

Below is a complete listing of all fire station and fire apparatus locations.[78] In addition to the seven Fire Stations, the NBFD also operates a fire apparatus maintenance facility/repair shop at 311 Liberty St., an Emergency Management facility at 834 Kempton St., and a Fire Museum at 51 Bedford St.

Fire Headquarters is located at 868 Pleasant St. and the Fire Prevention Bureau is located at 1204 Purchase St.

Engine company Ladder company Special unit Command unit Address
Engine 1 Ladder 1 Air Cascade Unit Unit 2(District Chief) 868 Pleasant St.
Engine 5 3665 Acushnet Ave.
Engine 6 Ladder 3 151 Purchase St.
Engine 7 Foam Trailer 700 Cottage St.
Engine 8 Ladder 4 Unit 1(District Chief) 1599 Acushnet Ave.
Engine 9 799 Ashley Blvd.
Engine 11 Fireboat 11 754 Brock Ave.


Public schools

New Bedford Public Schools is the community school district. New Bedford High School is the sole public high school in the city.

New Bedford is also the home to Greater New Bedford Regional Vocational-Technical High School, a large vocational high school serving the city New Bedford, and also the towns of Dartmouth and Fairhaven.

The city operates two alternative junior-senior high schools, Whaling City Alternative School, out of the original Greater New Bedford Vocational High School building, and Trinity Day Academy. There are also two charter schools, the Global Learning Charter Public School, otherwise known as GLCPS,[79] which serves grades 5-12 and two campuses of the Alma del Mar Charter School,[80] which is growing to serve grades K-8.

Other schools

There are three Catholic schools within the city, operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Fall River.

Some of the students who attend these schools go on to attend Bishop Stang High School in neighboring Dartmouth. There are also two Catholic preschools.[citation needed]

There is also the Nazarene Christian Academy, a school operated by the Church of the Nazarene. Independent schools include Nativity Prep for boys grades 5-8 and Our Sisters' School for girls grades 5–8.

Former Catholic schools:

There is one Non-Collegiate Flight School Located at the New Bedford Regional Airport

Higher education

New Bedford is home to one of Fisher College's neighborhood campuses. Located on Church Street in the north end of the city, it serves adult learners from the greater New Bedford region and the surrounding communities of Taunton, Wareham, and Fall River. Bristol Community College has a satellite campus in Downtown New Bedford in the Star Store Building and 800 Purchase Street. Nearby Dartmouth is home to the University of Massachusetts Dartmouth campus, as well as the University of Massachusetts School of Law - Dartmouth, the first public law school in the state. However, the city also is the site of the marine campus of University of Massachusetts Dartmouth (located at Fort Rodman) as well as its satellite visual art campus located in the former Star Store building downtown.

Bridgewater State University Aviation is based at the New Bedford Regional Airport. The program is one of the only Accredited Part 141 Collegiate Aviation Universities in New England. Bachelor of Science Degree's are offered in Flight Training and Aviation Management.


Historical population
Census Pop.
2019 (est.)95,3630.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[84]

New Bedford and surrounding communities are a part of the Providence metropolitan area. The Greater Providence-Fall River-New Bedford area is home to the largest Portuguese-American community in the United States.

At the 2010 census,[85] there were 95,072 people, 39,204 households and 24,990 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,760 per square mile (1,799/km2). There were 42,781 housing units at an average density of 2,063/sq mi (797/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.17% (66.1% Non-Hispanic) White, 9.69% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.00% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 13.51% from other races, and 3.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 16.11% of the population. The city is very multi-cultural and diverse. The ethnic makeup of the city is estimated to be 33.8% Portuguese, 10.1% Puerto Rican, 9.1% French, 8.8% Cape Verdean, 6.9% Irish, 5.3% English.

There were 39,208 households, of which 31.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 37.5% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.9% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 3.01.

Age distribution was 24.9% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.2% from 45 to 64, and 16.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 89.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.4 males.

The median household income was $37,569, and the median family income was $45,708. Males had a median income of $37,388 versus $27,278 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,602. About 17.3% of families and 20.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 29.1% of those under age 18 and 15.7% of those age 65 or over.


Early history

The economy of the Pilgrim settlement in the New Bedford area was initially based around a few farming and fishing villages. The early Bedford Village quickly became a commercial zone and from there became a major whaling and foreign trade port. In the early 18th century, the Russell family purchased this area and developed it into a larger village (Joseph Russell III having made the most significant contributions). Age of Sail ships built in New Bedford include the schooner Caroline and whaleship Charles W. Morgan. By the 18th century, entrepreneurs in the area, such as whaling merchants from Nantucket, were attracted to the village and helped make it into one of the top whaling cities in the country. The most significant of these merchants was Joseph Rotch, who bought 10 acres (four hectares) of land in 1765 from Joseph Russell III on which he and his sons ran the family business. Rotch moved his business to New Bedford since it would be better for refining whale oil and manufacturing candles made from whales. As these parts of the whaling industry had been monopolized by a merchant cartel in Boston, Newport, Rhode Island, and Providence, Rhode Island, Rotch felt that it would be better for business to handle these himself by moving to the mainland.

The relationship between New Bedford and Nantucket allowed the two cities to dominate the whaling industry. In 1848 New Bedford resident Lewis Temple invented the toggling harpoon, an invention that would revolutionize the whaling industry. This helped make New Bedford the preeminent city in the U.S. whaling industry. Another factor was the increased draft of whaling ships, in part the result of greater use of steel in their construction, which made them too deep for Nantucket harbor. Syren, the longest lived of the clipper ships, spent over a decade transporting whale oil and whaling products to New Bedford, principally from Honolulu, and was owned for several years by William H. Besse of New Bedford. As a result of its control over whaling products that were used widely throughout the world (most importantly whale oil), New Bedford became one of the richest per capita cities in the world.

Many whalers would quit their jobs in 1849, though, as the Gold Rush attracted many of them to leave New Bedford for California. During this time Herman Melville, who worked in New Bedford as a whaler, wrote the novel Moby-Dick and published it in 1851; the city would be the initial setting of the book, including a scene set in the Seaman's Bethel, which still stands today. Despite the power it gave to New Bedford, the whaling industry began to decline starting in 1859 when petroleum, which would become an alternative to whale oil, was discovered. Another blow came with the Whaling Disaster of 1871, in which twenty-two New Bedford whalers were lost in the ice off the coast of Alaska.[86] The New Bedford firm J. & W. R. Wing Company, the largest whaling company in the United States, sent out its last whaleship in 1914,[87] and whaling in New Bedford came to its final end in 1925, with the last whaling expedition being made by the schooner John R. Manta.

In the mid-1840s, New Bedford was the site of the first petroleum fuel refinery in the United States, as newly discovered Pennsylvania crude oil was shipped to New Bedford to be refined for lamp oil and other oil. Standard Oil would ultimately buy this refinery, located on Fish Island.[88] Fish Island was also the site of an early experiment in coal gasification, leading to the explosion of a building.

New Bedford was able to remain wealthy because of its textile industry. Starting in 1881, the textile industry grew large enough to sustain the city's economy. At its height, over 30,000 people were employed by the 32 cotton-manufacturing companies that owned the textile factories of New Bedford (which were worth $100 million in total). The creation of the New Bedford Textile School in 1895–1899 ushered in an era of textile prosperity that began to decline in the great depression and ended with the end of the textile period in the 1940s. The industry garnered national headlines in 1928 when it was hit with a strike of 30,000 workers.[89] The walkout of mostly immigrant workers was given critical support by the Workers (Communist) Party and was the precursor of a more tumultuous textile strike in North Carolina held the following year.

Tool and die operations also left the area steadily, starting in the 1970s.


While accurate figures are hard to come by, tourism appears to be a growing industry. New Bedford tourism centers on fairs and festivals including the Folk Festival, Whaling City Festival, Fourth of July, Jazzfest, Working Waterfront Festival, Polish Fest, New Bedford Day of Portugal, Senhor Da Pedra feast, Holy Ghost of Pico feast, and the Portuguese Feast of the Blessed Sacrament[90] (the largest Portuguese cultural celebration in the nation). Tourism also focuses on the historic whaling industry, and the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park is the only national park unit that focuses on the whaling industry's impact on the history of the United States. The Buttonwood Park Zoo features various species, including two Asian Elephants, Emily and Ruth, the only ones in New England.

Driven in part by increased tourism, a Fairfield Inn and Suites hotel opened in New Bedford in late May 2010, on the edge of the city's harbor. This became the first hotel in the city to open in over 40 years, though it is well-supplied with bed and breakfast establishments.[91] A secondary hotel, New Bedford Harbor Hotel, opened during the summer of 2018.


Despite the historical decline of fishing and whaling in New England, New Bedford continues to be a leading fishing port. From 1999 to 2018, New Bedford has been the highest-valued port in the nation, landing 114 million pounds of seafood (worth $431 million) in 2018.[92] While volume is below that of other major ports, New Bedford retains the top position due largely to its scallop fishery.[93][94] Dutch Harbor, Alaska, has the highest volume, at 763 million pounds, worth $182 million.[92]


Data is from the 2009–2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates.[95][96][97]

Rank ZIP Code (ZCTA) Per capita
Population Number of
Massachusetts $35,763 $66,866 $84,900 6,605,058 2,530,147
Bristol County $28,837 $55,298 $72,018 549,870 210,037
United States $28,155 $53,046 $64,719 311,536,594 115,610,216
1 02745 $26,093 $47,536 $57,287 24,830 10,303
New Bedford $21,056 $35,999 $44,607 94,927 39,068
2 02740 $20,649 $34,259 $40,508 43,308 18,028
3 02744 $18,190 $31,216 $40,635 11,722 4,685
4 02746 $15,948 $25,623 $32,314 14,835 5,954


The New Bedford public library was established in 1852.[98][99] In fiscal year 2016, the City of New Bedford spent 0.78% ($2,012,820) of its budget on its public library system—some $21.20 per person.[100]


New Bedford is part of the Providence TV market but is the city of license for two TV stations; WLNE-TV Channel 6 is the ABC affiliate for the market, and WLWC Channel 28 is The CW affiliate. The Portuguese Channel has its corporate offices and studios in the city at 638 Mount Pleasant Street in the Comcast building.

The city is home to three radio stations: FM stations WJFD-FM/97.3 (Portuguese-language) and WNBH-FM/101.3, and WNBH-AM/1340. All three have served the residents of New Bedford for many decades.

The city is also served by the New Bedford Standard-Times and The Portuguese Times newspapers.



Herman Melville is associated with New Bedford, with his 1851 novel Moby-Dick set in the city. The New Bedford Whaling Museum hosts an annual marathon reading of the whaling classic.[107]


Clement Nye Swift and Clifford Warren Ashley are notable artists from New Bedford.

In 2018, the 1,275-foot (389 m) panoramic painting Grand Panorama of a Whaling Voyage Round the World by Caleb Purrington and Benjamin Russell, depicting a 19th-century whaling voyage departing from New Bedford, was displayed at the Kilburn Mill.[108]


New Bedford has had a sporadic history of successful musicians. During the 1970s, Tavares, a Rhythm and blues group made up of five brothers from New Bedford, became a chart topping success with such songs as "Heaven Must Be Missing an Angel" and "More Than a Woman". In 1999, the pop group LFO (Lyte Funky Ones), whose group member Harold "Devin" Lima is from New Bedford, had a hit single with their song "Summer Girls". Have Heart, a Straight-edge hardcore band, were formed in New Bedford in 2002, before breaking up in 2009. Most recently, the hardcore punk band A Wilhelm Scream has gained some success, having been added to the 2005 Warped Tour lineup. New Bedford natives Hector Barros and Scott Ross were members of the hip-hop group Marky Mark and the Funky Bunch, led by actor Mark Wahlberg. They achieved success with their 1991 single, Good Vibrations, which reached number one in the U.S., Sweden, and Switzerland. Josh Newton from the band Every Time I Die was born in New Bedford.

Quinn Sullivan (born March 26, 1999) is a blues guitarist from New Bedford. Quinn has performed on stage with Buddy Guy and B.B. King and has played in venues such as the Beacon Theatre in New York City, the Orpheum Theatre in Boston, Buddy Guy's Legends in Chicago, and on The Oprah Winfrey Show, NBC's The Today Show, Lollapalooza and Jimmy Kimmel Live!. In April 2013 he played at Madison Square Garden with his mentor Buddy Guy during the first night of the 2013 Crossroads Guitar Festival.[109]

The accordionist and accordion instructor Aldo DeRossi (1917–2010) composed the Whaling City Concerto in 1992, honoring New Bedford.[110]

The city is the home of the Zeiterion Performing Arts Center, the home venue of the New Bedford Symphony Orchestra.[111]


New Bedford had a Class B professional Baseball team called The Whalers from 1895 to 1915.[112] They were a member of the New England League from 1895 to 1913 and the Colonial League from 1914 to 1915. The team folded after the 1915 season. A second team called the Millmen played for one season in 1929. A second Whalers team played in the New England League in 1933–34.[113] Since 2009, the city has been home to the New Bedford Bay Sox baseball franchise of the New England Collegiate Baseball League, a collegiate summer baseball league operating in New England. The team, which reached the league playoffs in their inaugural season, plays home games at Paul Walsh Field in New Bedford. In 2020, the team announced they were folding for the 2020 season and hope to return in 2021.[114] From 2005 to 2018 the New England Football League semi-pro team the Whaling City Clippers,[115] have played at Walsh Field.


New Bedford hosts the Feast of the Blessed Sacrament, the New Bedford Folk Festival, the Whaling City Festival, Jazzfest, Working Waterfront Festival. In addition, AHA! (Art, History, and Architecture) Nights are free cultural events held monthly in downtown New Bedford.[116]

Points of interest


New Bedford is the home of the New Bedford Whaling Museum, the centerpiece of the New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park. It is the country's largest museum on the subject of whaling and the history of interaction between humans and whales. The museum has the skeletons of a 66-foot (20 m)-long baby blue whale (obtained in 2000), a 35-foot (11 m)-long adult humpback whale (obtained in 1900), and a 45-foot (14 m)-long sperm whale (obtained in 2004) on display. All whales died in New England waters and were cleaned and assembled for display.[citation needed]

The Rotch-Jones-Duff House and Garden Museum is a 28-room Greek Revival mansion that was built for the whaling merchant, William Rotch, Jr., in 1834. Between 1834 and 1981, three prominent families owned the house. It was restored by the Waterfront Historic Area LeaguE (WHALE) in the early 1980s and converted into the house museum it is today, chronicling 150 years of economic, social, and domestic life in New Bedford.[117]

The New Bedford Fire Museum is housed in a red-brick building, formerly Fire Station No. 4, which opened in 1867. The fire station was one of the oldest continuously operating fire stations in the state when it was closed in 1979. The museum has a collection of old firefighting equipment and some old fire engines. Old city fire records dating to 1890 are available for research and review. Retired and active city firefighters act as docents.

The New Bedford Museum of Glass reflects the city's history as home of the Mount Washington and Pairpoint Glass companies. The museum's collection ranges from ancient to contemporary glass with a large focus on the glass of New England. A research library contains over eight thousand volumes on glass. The museum is located in one of the historic Wamsutta Mills textile factory buildings.

Historic districts

New Bedford has nine historic districts on the National Register of Historic Places. They are:

Notable people

Paul Cuffee, a merchant and ship's captain of Native and African (Ashanti of Ghana) origin, was born in nearby Cuttyhunk and settled in Westport, Massachusetts. Many of his ships sailed out of New Bedford.

Lewis Temple was an African-American blacksmith who invented the toggle iron, a type of toggling harpoon, which revolutionized the whaling industry and enabled the capture of more whales. There is a monument to Temple in downtown New Bedford.

In 1838, Frederick Douglass, the runaway slave who became a famous abolitionist, settled in New Bedford. He writes in detail about the life and times of New Bedford in the late 1840s in his celebrated autobiography.[118][119][120] A historic building and monument dedicated to Douglass can be found today at the Nathan and Polly Johnson properties. Frederick Douglass was not the only fugitive slave or freedman to see New Bedford as a welcoming place to settle. New Bedford had a small but thriving African-American community during the antebellum period. It was the home of a number of members of the 54th Massachusetts Regiment, an American Civil War regiment which fought, with considerable distinction, to preserve the Union. The 54th Massachusetts was the first regiment in the country's history formed entirely by African-American troops (who served with white officers). The most famous of these soldiers was William Harvey Carney, who made sure that the American flag never touched the ground during the Union assault on Fort Wagner, South Carolina, near Charleston. There is an elementary school in New Bedford named in his honor.

Patrick Cunningham was an Irish immigrant who lived in New Bedford. He was an inventor known for building a torpedo which he later fired down a street in the city.[121]

Bishop "Sweet Daddy" Grace, native of Brava, Cape Verde, was a New Bedford resident who founded the United House of Prayer for All People, one of the largest African-American sects in America. He is buried in New Bedford.

In popular culture

In 2002, the movie Passionada was filmed in New Bedford, making it the first film to be shot in the city in 45 years.[123] Previously, film director John Huston shot a scene for the movie adaptation of Moby-Dick in front of Seamen's Bethel in 1956. However, all other exterior shots for New Bedford in the film were shot in Youghal instead.

The 2011 movie Whaling City, about the fight of an independent fisherman to save his boat and his way of life, is set in New Bedford and was filmed there.

New Bedford was the town where 100 brides in the 1968–70 TV series Here Come the Brides came from prior to their arrival in 1860s Seattle, Washington.

A character named New Bedford appeared on a Family Guy episode (in 2006) as a friend of another girl named Dakota. The fictional town of Quahog, Rhode Island is "situated" near New Bedford. Family Guy episode "Lottery Fever" Peter mentions New Bedford while looking at a whale painting

Sister cities

New Bedford's sister cities are:[124]

See also


  1. ^ "Dept. Home - Tourism & Marketing" . Tourism & Marketing.
  2. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
  3. ^ Tom Huntington [permanent dead link] "Treasure Trove of Documents Discovered in Whaling Town," American Heritage, Winter 2009.
  4. ^ Wittenberg, Ariel. "The story of Dartmouth's first settlers: The Quakers" . Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  5. ^ "The Old Dartmouth Purchase" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  6. ^ a b c Arato, Christine A.; Eleey, Patrick L. (1998). Safety Moored at Last: History, existing conditions, analysis, preliminary preservation issues . National Park Service. ISBN 978-0-912627-66-3.
  7. ^ "Conflict - Irreconcilable Differences" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  8. ^ "The Medley, or, Newbedford marine journal" – via
  9. ^ a b Bedford, Mailing Address: 33 William Street New; Us, MA 02740 Phone: 508-996-4095 Contact. "Whale Hunt - New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)" . Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  10. ^ Bedford, Mailing Address: 33 William Street New; Us, MA 02740 Phone: 508-996-4095 Contact. "Whale Products | Whaling - New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)" . Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  11. ^ "" . Retrieved February 17, 2020.
  12. ^ "Cultural Communities and Identities" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  13. ^ a b DeWitt, John (2002). Early Globalization and the Economic Development of the United States and Brazil . Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-275-97199-1.
  14. ^ MacEacheran, Mike. "The city that lit the world" . Retrieved February 3, 2020.
  15. ^ Bedford, Mailing Address: 33 William Street New; Us, MA 02740 Phone: 508-996-4095 Contact. "Quakers - New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park (U.S. National Park Service)" . Retrieved February 14, 2020.
  16. ^ a b Appiah, Anthony; Gates, Henry Louis (2005). Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience . Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-517055-9.
  17. ^ "Lewis Temple – New Bedford Historical Society" . Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  18. ^ "Frederick Douglass (circa 1818-1895) – From Slavery to Freedom" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  19. ^ a b "Yankee Whaling" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  20. ^ Hough, Henry Beetle (1946). Wamsutta of New Bedford, 1846-1946: A Story of New England Enterprise . Wamsutta Mills.
  21. ^ "Wamsutta Mill, New Bedford Massachusetts" . Historic Structures. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  22. ^ "Migration and Mill Work" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 15, 2020.
  23. ^ Associated, Press (September 6, 2016). "Offshore wind firms agree to use New Bedford terminal" . Boston Herald. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  24. ^ "History of New Bedford" .
  25. ^ "New Bedford's Ash Street Jail" , South Coast Today blog, October 5, 2011
  26. ^ Weaver II, John R. (2001). A Legacy in Brick and Stone: American Coastal Defense Forts of the Third System, 1816-1867. McLean, VA: Redoubt Press. pp. 92–94, 103. ISBN 1-57510-069-X.
  27. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990" . United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  28. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): New Bedford city, Massachusetts" . U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved February 5, 2013.
  29. ^ U.S. Geological Survey New Bedford North, MA 7.5-minute quadrangle, 1979.
  30. ^ "Parks in New Bedford" (PDF).
  31. ^ "New Bedford, Massachusetts Climate Summary" . Weatherbase. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  32. ^ "New Bedford, Massachusetts Temperature Averages" . Weatherbase. Retrieved February 6, 2015.
  33. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data" . National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  34. ^ "Station: New Bedford COOP, MA" . U.S. Climate Normals 2020: U.S. Monthly Climate Normals (1991-2020). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved May 30, 2021.
  35. ^ "State and National Crime Data Archived 2005-07-06 at the Wayback Machine". Massachusetts State Police. Retrieved July 24, 2005.
  36. ^ "Four Defendants Convicted On Drug Charges In Connection With Largest Ever Cocaine Seizure In Massachusetts History" Archived August 30, 2010, at the Wayback Machine, U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration. Retrieved March 17, 2009
  37. ^ "South Coast Today" .
  38. ^ archived Archived July 14, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  39. ^ Attorney, U.S. "Twenty-one Indicted on Drug Charges; Largest Ever Cocaine Seizure in Massachusetts History, Reports U.S. Attorney" .
  40. ^ "COCAINE DEALER GIVEN LIFE SENTENCE" . February 27, 2003. Archived from the original on November 5, 2013.
  41. ^ Arce, Rose; Byron, Katy; Feyerick, Deborah; & Gilbert, Alison. "Man, 18, sought after gun, hatchet attack at gay bar ". February 2, 2006.
  42. ^ "Mass. gay-bar attacker left note, official says" . February 7, 2006.
  43. ^ "Jacob D. Robida" .
  44. ^ "Cop Killer Jacob D. Robida Dies" .
  45. ^ "Police Identify Suspect in New Bedford Bar Attack" ,, February 2, 2006
  46. ^ ""Stop Snitching": Perpetuating A Culture Of Violence" . Wanted. February 1, 2006. Archived from the original on August 27, 2006. Retrieved July 27, 2006.
  47. ^ writer, ROB MARGETTA, Standard-Times staff. "'Most Wanted' episode draws 'almost no calls'" .
  48. ^ "Foxy Lady - Your link to SouthCoast Massachusetts and beyond" . Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  49. ^ "Gunman opens fire, three dead, at Foxy Lady strip club" .
  50. ^ HENRY, RAY (December 14, 2006). "Mass. Gunman Left Note Before Suicide" – via
  51. ^
  52. ^ "Login -" .
  53. ^ "Jilted love sparked strip club killer's rampage" . December 13, 2006.
  54. ^ Henry, Ray. "Police release 911 call with gunman in strip club shooting" . Associated Press.
  55. ^ "Spectrum News - Capital Region - Albany, Saratoga, Troy, Glens Falls, North Country" .
  56. ^ "Immigration Raid - Your link to SouthCoast Massachusetts and beyond" . Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  57. ^ Fraga, Brian (May 17, 2010). "High conviction rate has officials touting New Bedford gang roundups" . SouthCoastToday.
  58. ^ "'Codfather' reports to federal prison in Massachusetts" . SouthCoastToday. November 7, 2017.
  59. ^ a b "About Us" . New Bedford Seafood. Retrieved July 27, 2020.
  60. ^ a b "Home - Port of New Bedford" . The Port of New Bedford Official Website.
  61. ^ 2006 Cruise Season Update [permanent dead link] The Port of New Bedford/ Harbor Development Commission. Retrieved October 28, 2006.
  62. ^ "New Bedford to Martha's Vineyard Ferry" . SeaStreak.
  63. ^ "New Bedford to Nantucket Ferry" . SeaStreak.
  64. ^ "Cuttyhunk Ferry Company" . The Cuttyhunk Ferry Company.
  65. ^ "Top U.S. Fishing Ports Rankings for 2004" Archived October 2, 2006, at the Wayback Machine. U.S. National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration news release, November 14, 2005.
  66. ^ "Southern Airways extends service in New Bedford, plans to base New England fleet at airport" . Retrieved November 4, 2020.
  67. ^ "Southeastern Regional Transit Authority Archived 2008-08-08 at the Wayback Machine" official Web site.
  68. ^ Boston Commuter Schedule Archived April 3, 2007, at the Wayback Machine, DATTCO, Retrieved May 13, 2007
  69. ^ "New Bedford/Fall River Commuter Rail Extension" . Archived from the original on October 15, 2006.
  70. ^ Laidler "Although New Bedford and neighboring Fall River remain the two largest cities in Massachusetts which do not have rail service to Boston, not all are on board: Some towns balk at state's plan to extend Stoughton rail line" Boston Globe, May 14, 2006
  71. ^ Rail, South Coast. "South Coast Rail" . Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  72. ^ Dan McDonald (November 9, 2011). "Mitchell tops Cabral to become 38th mayor of New Bedford" . Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  73. ^ "Facilities ." Bristol County Sheriff's Office. Retrieved on January 30, 2012. "Juvenile Secure Alternative Lock Up Program 323 Mill Street New Bedford, MA 02740 " and "Ash Street Jail and Regional Lock-Up 226 Ash Street New Bedford, MA 02740 "
  74. ^ Massachusetts General Court, "An Act Establishing Executive Councillor and Senatorial Districts" , Session Laws: Acts (2011), retrieved August 23, 2020
  75. ^ "Massachusetts Representative Districts" . Retrieved August 23, 2020.
  76. ^ "Registered Voters and Party Enrollment as of October 17, 2018" (PDF). Massachusetts Elections Division.
  77. ^ "Dept. Home - Fire Department - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  78. ^ "Fire Station Locations - Fire Department - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  79. ^ "Global Learning Charter School" .
  80. ^ "Home - Alma del Mar" . Alma del Mar.
  81. ^ a b c Fraga, Brian (March 27, 2020). "Two New Bedford Catholic schools to merge" . South Coast Today. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  82. ^ Rodrigues, Linda Andrade (May 26, 2007). "Catholic school closes with celebration of 66-year history" . South Coast Today. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  83. ^ Rodrigues, Linda Andrade (June 2, 2007). "Closing of century-old school is sad loss to community" . South Coast Today. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  84. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" . Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  85. ^ "U.S. Census website" . United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  86. ^ "Overview of American Whaling: Arctic Whaling" . Archived from the original on November 10, 2011.
  87. ^ Davis, Lance Edwin; et al. (1997). In Pursuit of Leviathan: Technology, Institutions, Productivity, and Profits . University of Chicago Press. ISBN 9780226137902.
  88. ^ "Congressional Edition" . U.S. Government Printing Office. June 17, 2017 – via Google Books.
  89. ^ See, for example: Daniel Georgianna with Roberta Hazen Aaronson, The Strike of '28. New Bedford, MA: Spinner Publications, 1993.
  90. ^ "FEAST OF THE BLESSED SACRAMENT" . Retrieved March 27, 2017.
  91. ^ "Fairfield Inn earns 'Small Business of Year' award" .
  92. ^ a b "Fisheries of the United States" . Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  93. ^ "US seafood catch reaches 17-year high" . Associated Press. Retrieved September 19, 2012 – via
  94. ^ "New Bedford retains title of highest valued port for 17th-straight year," South Coast Today Accessed March 3, 2017
  95. ^ "SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" . U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 17, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  96. ^ "ACS DEMOGRAPHIC AND HOUSING ESTIMATES 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" . U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 5, 2015. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  97. ^ "HOUSEHOLDS AND FAMILIES 2009-2013 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" . U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved January 12, 2015.
  98. ^ C.B. Tillinghast. The free public libraries of Massachusetts. 1st Report of the Free Public Library Commission of Massachusetts . Boston: Wright & Potter, 1891.
  99. ^ New Bedford Free Public Library . Retrieved November 11, 2010
  100. ^ The FY2016 Municipal Pie...What's Your Library's Share? Municipal Pie Reports
  101. ^ "Main Library - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  102. ^ "Casa da Saudade Library - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  103. ^ "Howland - Green Library - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  104. ^ "Lawler Library - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  105. ^ "Wilks Library - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  106. ^ "Bookmobile - Library - City of New Bedford Official Website" .
  107. ^ "WGBH's Jared Bowen to be honorary Ishmael in New Bedford's 'Moby-Dick' marathon Jan. 4 - The Boston Globe" . Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  108. ^ Museum, New Bedford Whaling. "A Spectacle in Motion: The Grand Panorama of a Whaling Voyage 'Round the World-the original" . New Bedford Whaling Museum. Retrieved February 18, 2020.
  109. ^ "Eric Clapton - Crossroads Guitar Festival 2013 - Photos - Crossroads Guitar Festival 2013" .
  110. ^ "Memorial" . American Accordionists' Association. Accordions Worldwide. 2010. Retrieved April 6, 2017.
  111. ^ "Zeiterion Performing Arts Center - Official Site" . October 21, 2013.
  112. ^
  113. ^
  114. ^
  115. ^ "Index of /" .
  116. ^ Chiavaroli, Aimee. "New Bedford's arts and culture sectors 'back in business'" . Retrieved August 1, 2020.
  117. ^ "Waterfront Historic Area LeaguE (WHALE) - Revitalizing New Bedford Through Historic Preservation" .
  118. ^ Conery, Ben. Douglass reading stirs abolitionist roots ". The Standard-Times. February 17, 2003. Accessed May 29, 2006.
  119. ^ "Frederick Douglass ". Accessed May 29, 2006.
  120. ^ Douglass, Frederick. "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, An American Slave, Chapter XI , Berkeley Digital Library SunSITE, Accessed August 13, 2006.
  121. ^ Edwyn Gray (2004). Nineteenth-century Torpedoes and Their Inventors . Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1591143411. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
  122. ^ TED. "Laurie R. Santos" .
  123. ^ "Passionada - Your link to SouthCoast Massachusetts and beyond" . Retrieved November 19, 2011.
  124. ^ "New Bedford's Sister Cities" . City of New Bedford. Retrieved May 14, 2021.

Further reading

  • Gelbert, Doug. A Walking Tour of New Bedford, Massachusetts (2009)
  • Heath, Kingston Wm., "Whalers to Weavers: New Bedford's Urban Transformation and Contested Identities," IA: Journal of the Society for Industrial Archeology 40 (no. 1 and 2, 2014), 7–32.
  • Mulderink III, Earl F. New Bedford's Civil War (Fordham University Press; 2012) 306 pages excerpt and text search
  • Thomas, Joseph D. et al. A Picture History of New Bedford - Volume One 1602~1925 (2013)
  • "From Old Dartmouth to New Bedford ". Retrieved May 21, 2005.

Old primary sources

External links

Categories: New Bedford, Massachusetts | Cities in Massachusetts | Populated coastal places in Bristol County, Massachusetts | Populated places established in 1640 | Cities in Bristol County, Massachusetts | Port cities and towns in Massachusetts | Portuguese-American culture in Massachusetts | Portuguese neighborhoods in the United States | Providence metropolitan area | 1640 establishments in Massachusetts

Information as of: 05.06.2021 07:24:30 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-BY-SA-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.