Palomar Planet-Crossing Asteroid Survey


Planet-Crossing Asteroid Survey
Survey typeastronomical survey 
Minor planets discovered: 20 [1]
see § List of discovered minor planets

The Palomar Planet-Crossing Asteroid Survey (PCAS) was an astronomical survey, initiated by American astronomers Eleanor Helin and Eugene Shoemaker at the U.S Palomar Observatory, California, in 1973.[2][3][4][5] The program is responsible for the discovery of 95 near-Earth Objects including 17 comets,[6] while the Minor Planet Center directly credits PCAS with the discovery of 20 numbered minor planets during 1993–1994.[1] PCAS ran for nearly 25 years until June 1995. It had an international extension, INAS, and was the immediate predecessor of the outstandingly successful NEAT program.[6]

Contents

Notable discoveries


The first NEO discovered by PACS was (5496) 1973 NA, an Apollo asteroid with an exceptional orbital inclination of 68°, the most highly inclined minor planet known until 1999. In 1976, Eleanor Helin discovered 2062 Aten,[7] the first of a new class of asteroids called the Aten asteroids with small orbits that are never far from Earth's orbit. As a result, these objects have a particularly high probability of colliding with the Earth. In 1979, Helin discovered an Apollo-type asteroid, that they later identified with the comet 4015 Wilson–Harrington.[8] It was the first confirmation that a comet can evolve into an asteroid after it has degassed.[6]

List of discovered minor planets


(7029) 1993 XT2 14 December 1993 list
(9072) 1993 RX3 12 September 1993 list
(9078) 1994 PB2 9 August 1994 list
(10363) 1994 UP11 31 October 1994 list
(10564) 1993 XQ2 14 December 1993 list
(13594) 1994 PC2 9 August 1994 list
(14476) 1993 XW2 14 December 1993 list
(14912) 1993 RP3 12 September 1993 list
(15344) 1994 PA2 9 August 1994 list
(18435) 1994 GW10 14 April 1994 list
(18436) 1994 GY10 14 April 1994 list
(24781) 1993 RU3 12 September 1993 list
(24797) 1994 PD2 9 August 1994 list
(24798) 1994 PF2 9 August 1994 list
(26868) 1993 RS3 12 September 1993 list
(37671) 1994 UY11 31 October 1994 list
(39620) 1994 PE2 9 August 1994 list
(46623) 1994 GV10 14 April 1994 list
(52418) 1994 GX10 14 April 1994 list
(120503) 1993 RW3 12 September 1993 list

See also


References


  1. ^ a b "Minor Planet Discoverers (by number)" . Minor Planet Center. 16 November 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017.
  2. ^ Leverington, David (2003). Planetary vistas : a history of planetary astronomy up to the 21st century. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 339–340. ISBN 9780521808408.
  3. ^ Gehrels, Tom, ed. (1994). Hazards due to comets and asteroids. Tucson: Univ. of Arizona Press. pp. 129–131, 137. ISBN 9780816515059.
  4. ^ Barnes-Svarney, Patricia (2003). Asteroid : earth destroyer or new frontier? (Paperback ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: Basic Books, a member of the Perseus Books Group. p. 246. ISBN 9780738208855.
  5. ^ Levy, David H. (2002). Shoemaker by Levy: the man who made an impact. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press. pp. 167–174. ISBN 9780691113258.
  6. ^ a b c Helin, Eleanor F.; Pravdo, Steven H.; Rabinowitz, David L.; Lawrence, Kenneth J. (May 1997). "Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking (NEAT) Program" . Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences: 6. Bibcode:1997NYASA.822....6H . doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.1997.tb48329.x . Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  7. ^ "2062 Aten (1976 AA)" . Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
  8. ^ "4015 Wilson-Harrington (1979 VA)" . Minor Planet Center. Retrieved 7 January 2017.

Publications










Categories: 1973 in science | Asteroid surveys | Astronomical surveys | Near-Earth Asteroid Tracking | Astronomical discoveries by institution | Discoveries by PCAS | Asteroid stubs




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