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Pereslavl-Zalessky


Pereslavl-Zalessky

Переславль-Залесский
View of Pereslavl-Zalessky
Flag
Coat of arms
Location of Pereslavl-Zalessky
Coordinates:
CountryRussia
Federal subjectYaroslavl Oblast[1]
Founded1152
Government
 • BodyTown Duma
 • MayorDenis Koshurnikov
Area
 • Total22.5 km2 (8.7 sq mi)
Elevation
142 m (466 ft)
Population
 • Total41,925
 • Estimate 
(2018)[4]
38,649 (-7.8%)
 • Density1,900/km2 (4,800/sq mi)
 • Subordinated totown of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky[1]
 • Capital ofPereslavsky District[1], town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky[1]
 • Urban okrugPereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug[5]
 • Capital ofPereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug[5], Pereslavsky Municipal District
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK [6])
Postal code(s)[7]
152020, 152021, 152023–152026
Dialing code(s)+7 48535
OKTMO ID78705000001
Websitewww.adminpz.ru

Pereslavl-Zalessky (Russian: Переславль-Залесский, IPA: [pʲɪrʲɪˈslavlʲ zɐˈlʲɛskʲɪj], lit. Pereslavl beyond the woods), also known as Pereyaslavl-Zalessky, is a town in Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, located on the main Moscow–Yaroslavl road and on the southeastern shore of Lake Pleshcheyevo at the mouth of the Trubezh River. Population: 41,925 (2010 Census);[3] 43,379 (2002 Census);[8] 42,331 (1989 Census).[9]

Contents

Geography


Pereslavl-Zalessky is located in south of Yaroslavl Oblast, near a border with Moscow Oblast, 140 kilometres (87 mi) northeast of Moscow, and 139 kilometres (86 mi) southwest of Yaroslavl.

Climate

Climate of Pereslavl-Zalessky is humid continental: long, cold and snowy winters and short, warm and rainy summers. Average temperatures range from −12 °C (10 °F) in January to +18 °C (64 °F) in July.

History


Known as Pereyaslavl until the 15th century, it was founded in 1152 by Prince Yury Dolgoruky as a projected capital of Zalesye. In 1175–1302, the town was the seat of the Principality of Northern Pereyaslavl (not to be confused with the Principality of Pereyaslavl in modern-day Ukraine). In 1302, it became a part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow. Pereslavl-Zalessky was devastated numerous times by the Mongols between the mid-13th century and the early 15th century. In 1611–1612, it suffered from the Polish invasion.[10]

In 1688–1693, Peter the Great built his famous "fun flotilla" on Lake Pleshcheyevo for his own amusement, including the so-called Peter's little boat, which would be considered the forefather of the Russian fleet. The Botik (small boat) museum chronicles the history of the first Russian fleet and keeps one of the original model boats.

In 1708, the town became a part of Moscow Governorate.[11]

Just before the Moscow Olympics in 1980, the city of Moscow rounded up a large number of people it considered 'undesirable', many thousands, and decreed that they must be moved at least 120km from Moscow in order to improve the city's image. Pereslavl is approx 130km from Moscow and as such the population of the town soared prior to the Olympics.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status


Within the framework of administrative divisions, Pereslavl-Zalessky serves as the administrative center of Pereslavsky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the town of oblast significance of Pereslavl-Zalessky is incorporated as Pereslavl-Zalessky Urban Okrug.[5]

Science and education


There is Institute for Program Systems of the Russian Academy of Sciences in the town. The University of Pereslavl is also based in the town.

Sights and architecture


The town is a part of the Golden Ring of Russia. Monuments of church architecture include six architecture complex convents and nine churches. Notable historic buildings are:

Museum and exhibits

The town has a bewildering array of 'museums' that cater to the tourist trade in the summer, some are quite bizarre, the museum of Cunning and Wit for example. If you can think of it, they have a museum for it in Pereslavl.

The Kleshin complex, an archaeological monument, is located about 2 kilometers (1.2 mi) from the town proper.

The original earthworks (which are still quite substantial) from the defensive wall that circled the town originally are still here, it is possible to walk along these defensive structures. As are portions if the original road that was at its base. Although identifying a 12th-century road from a modern one would be a task in itself. Lake Pleshcheyevo

The town sits on the banks of Lake Pleschayevo, a large lake that draws tourists throughout the season. Kite surfing is particularly popular, as is camping.

Notable people


References


Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Law #12-z
  2. ^ Территориальный орган Федеральной службы государственной статистики по Ярославской области. Ярославская область в цифрах 2012. Краткий статистический сборник Archived May 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  4. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года" . Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  5. ^ a b c Law #65-z
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени" . Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Brumfield, W. (August 9, 2019). "The extraordinary revival of the Convent of St. Theodore in Pereslavl-Zalessky" . Russia Beyond the Headlines. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  11. ^ Указ об учреждении губерний и о росписании к ним городов (in Russian)

Sources

Further reading


External links











Categories: Golden Ring of Russia | Pereslavl-Zalessky | Vladimir Governorate | 1152 establishments in Europe | 12th-century establishments in Russia




Information as of: 08.07.2020 04:13:42 CEST

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