Picquigny


Picquigny
The church in Picquigny
Coat of arms
Location of Picquigny
Coordinates:
CountryFrance
RegionHauts-de-France
DepartmentSomme
ArrondissementAmiens
CantonAilly-sur-Somme
IntercommunalityCC Nièvre et Somme
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) José Herbet[1]
Area
1
10.31 km2 (3.98 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[2]
1,317
 • Density130/km2 (330/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
80622 /80310
Elevation11–107 m (36–351 ft)
(avg. 17 m or 56 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Picquigny (French pronunciation: ​[pikiɲi]) is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

Contents

Geography


Picquigny is situated at the junction of the N235, the D141 and D3 roads, on the banks of the river Somme, some 8 miles (13 km) northwest (and downstream) of Amiens. A railway station also serves the town.

Population


Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
19681,309—    
19751,322+0.14%
19821,381+0.63%
19901,397+0.14%
19991,386−0.09%
20071,382−0.04%
20121,363−0.28%
20171,337−0.38%
Source: INSEE[3]

History


Already established as a Gallic settlement before the Romans arrived, a Gallo-Roman cemetery was discovered in 1895 in the area known as Les Vignes.[4]

Known through the ages by various names, in 942 as Pinquigniacum, Pinconii castrum in 1066 and Pinchiniacum in 1110, then as Pinkeni, Pinkinei and Pecquigny .[5]

After the defeat of the Huns at Lihons-en-Santerre, the inhabitants of Amiens, who had helped the barbarians, took refuge in the castle of Picquigny, to hide from the vengeance of Dagobert, where they were then besieged by him.[6]

On 17 December 942, Arnulf I, Count of Flanders and William I, Duke of Normandy came to Picquigny to sign a peace treaty. They met on a small island in the Somme, having both left their armies behind. After the meeting, William left but was then assassinated by Arnulf's supporters.

As early as the 14th century, the town had commune status and a county judge. In 1307, several Templars, were arrested and imprisoned in the dungeons of the château by order of Philip IV of France,

On 29 August 1475, with the Treaty of Picquigny, Louis XI brought to an end the Hundred Years' War. The French king had to pay King Edward IV an annual sum of fifty thousand crowns.

In 1547, Henry II of France established a market, on every second Monday of the month.

Main sights


Notable people


See also


References


  1. ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les maires" . data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 7 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Populations légales 2018" . INSEE. 28 December 2020.
  3. ^ Population en historique depuis 1968 , INSEE
  4. ^ L. Ledieu - « Dictionnaire historique et archéologique de la Picardie », Tome III, Canton de Picquigny, page 197 (1919, reprint Editions Culture et Civilisation, Bruxelles, 1979)
  5. ^ "Recueil des monuments inédits de l'histoire du tiers état- chartes, coutumes, actes municipaux…" Par Louandre, Charles Léopold, 1812-1882, Thierry, Augustin, 1795-1856, Augustin Thierry, États généraux, France, Tiers État
  6. ^ Grandes Chroniques de France









Categories: Communes of Somme (department)




Information as of: 22.06.2021 03:13:06 CEST

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