Poitou - en.LinkFang.org

Poitou


Poitou

Poetou  (Poitevin)
Flag
Coat of arms
CountryFrance
Area
 • Total19,709 km2 (7,610 sq mi)
Population
 (2006 estimate)
Residents known as Poitevins[1]
 • Total1,375,356
Time zoneCET
Count638–677, Guérin de Trèves
1403–1461, Charles VII of France

Poitou (UK: /ˈpwʌt/, US: /pwɑːˈt/,[2][3][4] French: [pwatu]; Poitevin: Poetou) was a province of west-central France whose capital city was Poitiers.

Contents

Geography


The main historical cities are Poitiers (historical capital city), Châtellerault (France's kings' establishment in Poitou), Niort, La Roche-sur-Yon, Thouars, and Parthenay.

History


The region of Poitou was called Thifalia (or Theiphalia) in the sixth century.

There is a marshland called the Poitevin Marsh (French Marais Poitevin) on the Gulf of Poitou, on the west coast of France, just north of La Rochelle and west of Niort.

By the Treaty of Paris of 1259, King Henry III of England recognized his loss of continental Plantagenet territory to France (including Normandy, Maine, Anjou, and Poitou).

During the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries Poitou was a hotbed of Huguenot (French Calvinist) activity among the nobility and bourgeoisie and was severely affected by the French Wars of Religion (1562–1598).

Many of the Acadians who settled in what is now Nova Scotia beginning in 1604, and later in New Brunswick, came from the region of Poitou. After the Acadians were deported by the British beginning in 1755, some of them eventually took refuge in Québec. A large portion of these refugees who were deported eventually moved to Louisiana in 1785 and became known as Cajuns (from Acadians).

After the revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685, a strong Counter-Reformation effort was made by the French Roman Catholic Church; in 1793, this was partially responsible for the three-year-long open revolt against the French Revolutionary Government in the Bas-Poitou (Département of Vendée). Indeed, during Napoleon's Hundred Days in 1815, the Vendée stayed loyal to the Restoration Monarchy of King Louis XVIII and Napoleon dispatched 10,000 troops under General Lamarque to pacify the region.

As noted by Lampert, "The persistent Huguenots of 17th Century Poitou and the fiercely Catholic rebellious Royalists of what came be the Vendée of the late 18th Century had ideologies very different, indeed diametrically opposed to each other. The common thread connecting both phenomena is a continuing assertion of a local identity and opposition to the central government in Paris, whatever its composition and identity. (...) In the region where Louis XIII and Louis XIV had encountered stiff resistance, the House of Bourbon gained loyal and militant supporters exactly when it had been overthrown and when a Bourbon loyalty came to imply a local loyalty in opposition to the new central government, that of Robespierre."[5]

Culture


In fiction


See also


References


  1. ^ Lance Day, Ian McNeil, ed. (1996). Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology . Routledge. ISBN 0-415-19399-0.
  2. ^ "Poitou" . The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (5th ed.). Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Poitou" (US) and "Poitou" . Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  4. ^ "Poitou" . Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  5. ^ Andre Lampert, "Centralism and Localism in European History" (cited as an example of "A Persistant [sic?] Localism" in the Introduction)

External links










Categories: Former provinces of France | Poitou | Geography of Charente | Geography of Charente-Maritime | Geography of Deux-Sèvres | Geography of Haute-Vienne | Geography of Indre | Geography of Loire-Atlantique | Geography of Maine-et-Loire | Geography of Vendée | Geography of Vienne | History of Pays de la Loire | History of Nouvelle-Aquitaine | History of Centre-Val de Loire | History of Charente | History of Charente-Maritime | History of Deux-Sèvres | History of Haute-Vienne | History of Indre | History of Loire-Atlantique | History of Maine-et-Loire | History of Vendée | History of Vienne








Information as of: 10.06.2020 12:30:57 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore LinkFang.org does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.