Ribe


Ribe
Town
Ribe seen from Riberhus
Coat of arms
Coordinates:
CountryDenmark
RegionSouthern Denmark (Syddanmark)
MunicipalityEsbjerg
Area
 • Urban
7.28 km2 (2.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2019)
 • Urban
9.918
 • Urban density1.4/km2 (3.5/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ripenser
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
6760
Websitewww.ribe.dk

Ribe (Danish pronunciation: [ˈʁiːpə]; German: Ripen) is a Danish town in south-west Jutland, with a population of 9.918 (2019).[1] It is the seat of the Diocese of Ribe covering southwestern Jutland.

Until 1 January 2007, Ribe was the seat of both a surrounding municipality, and county. It is now part of the enlarged Esbjerg Municipality in the Region of Southern Denmark.

Ribe is the oldest extant town in Denmark, established in the early eighth century in the Germanic Iron Age.

Contents

History


Established in the first decade of the eighth century[2] and first attested in a document dated 854; Ribe is the oldest extant town in Denmark (and in Scandinavia). The town celebrated its 1300th anniversary in 2010.[3]

When Ansgar the Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen, set out on the "Mission to bring Christianity to the North", he made a request in about 860, to King Horik II of Denmark, that the first Scandinavian church be built in Ribe. This was not coincidental, since Ribe already at that point was one of the most important trade cities in Scandinavia. However the presence of a bishop, and thus a cathedral, in Ribe can only be confirmed from the year 948. Recent archaeological excavations in Ribe have however led to the discovery of between 2,000 and 3,000 Christian graves. They have been dated to the ninth century indicating that a large Christian community was already living peacefully together with the Vikings at the time.[4] Excavations conducted between 2008 and 2012 have also revealed more details of the original church built by Ansgar.[5]

The town has many well-preserved old buildings, Ribe Cathedral, and about 110 houses are under Heritage Protection. Denmark's oldest town hall is found on the town's Von Støckens Plads. The building was erected in 1496, and was purchased by the city for use as a town hall in 1709.

Timeline

Cultural and environmental features


There are numerous cultural and environmental features of Ribe. Among the cultural highlights are notable churches and museums. The flora and fauna, while depleted in large part from the man-made development and surrounding agricultural land conversion, retain notable aspects of the natural environment. The Ribe River flows through town[8] and hosts certain elements of riparian habitat.

Certain notable birdlife is found in and near the town; the European white stork, Ciconia ciconia, is one of the historic inhabitants of the town, choosing to build nests atop chimneys. This bird has steadily declined in population throughout Western Europe due to agricultural land conversion as well as droughts in its wintering range in Africa.[9]

The following list some of the specific town features:

Notable people


The Arts

Public thinking

Science & Business

Sport


Official Honorary Citizens

The following have been declared Honorary Citizens of Ribe: (By year)

Education


The town of Ribe has a long history as a center of learning. The cathedral school of Ribe Katedralskole has its roots in the Latin School of Ribe, dating back to at least 1145, when the bishop officially handed over the chapter's school.[16] The school provided religious education of priests and clergymen up until 1805 and is nowadays a gymnasium (Danish high school). Ribe Katedralskole celebrated its 850th anniversary in 1995, and is the oldest continuously existing school in Scandinavia.[citation needed]

Schools

Demographics


The following table shows the population of Ribe. Data from before the eighteenth century are estimates, the rest are taken from the official census.

Year Population
1500 ~5,000
1591 ~4,500
1641 ~3,500
1672 ~2,000
Year Population
1769 1,827
1801 1,994
1850 2,984
1901 4,243
Year Population
1976 7,452
1981 7,646
1986 7,709
1990 7,636
Year Population
1996 8,105
2000 7,984
2001 8,031
2002 8,033
Year Population
2003 8,006
2004 7,990
2006 8,081

Industry


Dancake [13] has a factory in Ribe.

Twin cities and towns


(alphabetic list)

See also


References


  1. ^ BY3: Population 1st January, by the esbjerg council The Mobile Statbank from Statistics Denmark
  2. ^ The New Cambridge Medieval History. 1995. Page 205
  3. ^ "Ribes 1300 års jubilæum" . ribe1300.dk (in Danish). Esbjerg Municipality. Retrieved 12 July 2015.
  4. ^ Lisbeth Quass (24 July 2014). "Danskere var kristne længe før Harald Blåtand´" . Berlingske (in Danish).
  5. ^ "Danskere var kristne længe før Harald Blåtand" . Kristeligt Dagblad (in Danish). 23 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  6. ^ Medieval Sourcebook: Rimbert: Life of Anskar, the Apostle of the North, 801–865: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/basis/anskar.asp
  7. ^ Celebration site
  8. ^ Tom Buk-Swienty. 2008
  9. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2009
  10. ^ Ribe Viking Museum retrieved 23 March 2018
  11. ^ Ribe Art Museum retrieved 23 March 2018
  12. ^ Ribe Vikinge Center retrieved 23 March 2018
  13. ^ Wadden Sea Centre retrieved 23 March 2018
  14. ^ IMDb Database retrieved 21 April 2020
  15. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Volume 26, Tausen, Hans retrieved 31 March 2018
  16. ^ "Ribe Katedralskole" (in Danish). The Danish National Archives. Retrieved 12 July 2015.

Sources


External links









Categories: 700s establishments | Populated places established in the 8th century | Cities and towns in the Region of Southern Denmark | Viking Age populated places | Esbjerg Municipality | 8th-century establishments in Europe




Information as of: 13.06.2020 05:22:15 CEST

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