Saitama (city)


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Saitama

さいたま市
Saitama City
From top left: Saitama Stadium 2002, Urawa Parco, Gyokuzouin, Hikawa Shrine, Saitama New City Center, Saitama Super Arena, Musashi urawa
Flag
Location of Saitama in Saitama Prefecture
Coordinates:
CountryJapan
RegionKantō
PrefectureSaitama
Area
 • Total217.43 km2 (83.95 sq mi)
Population
 (March 1, 2021)
 • Total1,324,854
 • Density6,100/km2 (16,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
- TreeZelkova serrata
- FlowerPrimula sieboldii
Phone number048-829-1111
Address6-4-4 Tokiwa, Urawa-ku, Saitama-shi, Saitama-ken 330-9588
WebsiteOfficial website

Saitama (さいたま市, Saitama-shi, Japanese: [saꜜitama]) is the capital and the most populous city of Saitama Prefecture, Japan. Its area incorporates the former cities of Urawa, Ōmiya, Yono and Iwatsuki. It is a city designated by government ordinance. Being in the Greater Tokyo Area and lying 15 to 30 kilometres north of central Tokyo, many of its residents commute into Tokyo. As of 1 February 2021, the city had an estimated population of 1,324,854, and a population density of 6,100 persons per km². Its total area is 217.43 square kilometres (83.95 sq mi).[1]

Contents

Name


The name "Saitama" originally comes from the Sakitama District (埼玉郡) of what is now the city of Gyōda in the northern part of what is now known as Saitama Prefecture. "Sakitama" has an ancient history and is mentioned in the famous 8th century poetry anthology Man'yōshū. The pronunciation has changed from Sakitama to Saitama over the years.

With the merger of Urawa, Ōmiya, and Yono it was decided that a new name, one fitting for this newly created prefectural capital, was needed. The prefectural name "Saitama" (埼玉県) was changed from kanji into hiragana, thus Saitama City (さいたま市) was born. It is the only prefectural capital in Japan whose name is always written in hiragana, and belongs to the list of hiragana cities.

However, Saitama written in hiragana (さいたま市) actually finished in second place in public polling to Saitama written in kanji (埼玉市). Despite this, government officials decided to name the new city Saitama in hiragana, not kanji. In third place in the poll was Ōmiya (大宮市). In fourth was Saitama (彩玉市), written with an alternative kanji for "sai" () which means "colorful". The "sai" () used in the prefectural name is a rare form of a common character () that means 'cape' or 'promontory'.

Geography


The city is located 20 to 30 km north of central Tokyo, roughly at the center of the Kantō Plain. Situated in the southeast of Saitama Prefecture, the city is topographically comprised by lowlands and plateaus, at mostly less than 20 m above sea level, with no mountain ranges or hills within the city boundaries. The western portion of the city lies on the lowland created by the Arakawa River along with those created by small rivers such as the Moto-Arakawa River, Shiba River, and Ayase River. The rest of the area mostly resides on the Ōmiya Plateau lying in the north-south direction. Dispersed in this region, major rivers flow southward, almost paralleling to one another.

Surrounding municipalities

Saitama Prefecture

Climate


Saitama has a Humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) characterized by warm summers and cool winters with light to no snowfall. The average annual temperature in Saitama is 14.6 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1408 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.4 °C, and lowest in January, at around 2.9 °C.[2]

Climate data for Saitama (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.7
(65.7)
25.5
(77.9)
26.9
(80.4)
31.2
(88.2)
34.2
(93.6)
35.9
(96.6)
39.3
(102.7)
38.7
(101.7)
37.4
(99.3)
33.1
(91.6)
25.6
(78.1)
25.1
(77.2)
39.3
(102.7)
Average high °C (°F) 9.4
(48.9)
10.3
(50.5)
13.7
(56.7)
19.2
(66.6)
23.8
(74.8)
26.5
(79.7)
30.5
(86.9)
31.8
(89.2)
27.7
(81.9)
21.9
(71.4)
16.5
(61.7)
11.7
(53.1)
20.3
(68.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.9
(39.0)
4.9
(40.8)
8.4
(47.1)
13.7
(56.7)
18.6
(65.5)
22.0
(71.6)
25.9
(78.6)
27.0
(80.6)
23.2
(73.8)
17.5
(63.5)
11.4
(52.5)
6.2
(43.2)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) −1.1
(30.0)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.3
(37.9)
8.4
(47.1)
13.9
(57.0)
18.3
(64.9)
22.2
(72.0)
23.2
(73.8)
19.5
(67.1)
13.5
(56.3)
6.8
(44.2)
1.2
(34.2)
10.8
(51.4)
Record low °C (°F) −9.8
(14.4)
−8.8
(16.2)
−5.0
(23.0)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.8
(40.6)
11.5
(52.7)
14.7
(58.5)
16.3
(61.3)
9.5
(49.1)
3.6
(38.5)
−2.4
(27.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−9.8
(14.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.4
(1.67)
39.6
(1.56)
88.0
(3.46)
101.9
(4.01)
121.4
(4.78)
144.8
(5.70)
148.0
(5.83)
164.0
(6.46)
202.8
(7.98)
196.8
(7.75)
70.9
(2.79)
45.2
(1.78)
1,371.3
(53.99)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 3.8 4.6 8.7 9.0 10.0 11.6 11.8 8.8 10.8 10.0 6.7 4.4 100.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 201.4 186.4 186.6 187.1 185.3 128.4 152.5 181.9 135.6 135.1 156.6 181.1 2,018
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3]

Historical population


Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 420,442—    
1970 657,425+56.4%
1980 879,291+33.7%
1990 1,007,569+14.6%
2000 1,133,300+12.5%
2010 1,222,910+7.9%

Wards


Saitama has ten wards (ku), which were assigned official colors as of April 2005:

Wards of Saitama
Place Name Map of Saitama
Rōmaji Kanji Color Area (km2)
1 Chūō-ku 中央区 (Rose red) 8.39
2 Iwatsuki-ku 岩槻区 (Ochre) 49.17
3 Kita-ku 北区 (Dark green) 16.86
4 Midori-ku 緑区 (Green) 26.44
5 Minami-ku 南区 (Lemon yellow) 13.82
6 Minuma-ku 見沼区 (Sky blue) 30.69
7 Nishi-ku 西区 (Blue) 29.12
8 Ōmiya-ku 大宮区 (Orange) 12.80
9 Sakura-ku 桜区 (Cherry blossom pink) 18.64
10 Urawa-ku 浦和区 (Red) - administrative center 11.51

History


The city was founded on May 1, 2001, and was designated on April 1, 2003 as a government ordinance. For the histories of Urawa, Ōmiya and Yono before the merger, see:

On April 1, 2005, Saitama absorbed the city of Iwatsuki to its east, which became a new ward, Iwatsuki-ku.

Government


Saitama has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city council of 64 members. Saitama contributes 14 members to the Saitama Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is divided between the Saitama 1st district, Saitama 5th district and Saitama 15th districts of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Elections

The executive mayor, who is directly elected, is Sōichi Aikawa, an independent backed by the Liberal Democratic Party and Komeito. On May 24, 2009, Aikawa lost his bid for reelection against Hayato Shimizu, who was backed by the opposition DPJ.[4]

Economy


Saitama's economy is principally constituted by commercial business. The city is one of many commercial centers of the Greater Tokyo area and serves Saitama Prefecture, North Kanto, and northeast Honshu.

Saitama is also home to various manufacturers, exporting automotive (Honda manufactures the Honda Legend at Sayama Plant), food, optical, precision and pharmaceutical products. Calsonic Kansei, a global automotive company is headquartered in the city.[5] Iwatsuki is famous for manufacturing of hinamatsuri dolls and ornate kabuto (samurai helmets).

Transportation


Representative station is Urawa Station. Saitama is a regional transportation hub for both passengers and freight train lines. Ōmiya Station, part of the Shinkansen high-speed train network, serves as the biggest railway hub in the prefecture.

The closest major airports are Haneda Airport and Narita International Airport, both about two hours away.[6] Honda Airport in Okegawa is for general aviation and offers no scheduled transport services. Commuter helicopter flights to Narita Airport are offered from Kawajima.[7]

Railway stations

JR East
Tōhoku, Akita, Yamagata, Jōetsu and Hokuriku Shinkansen
Utsunomiya Line
Takasaki Line
  • (<<Through to the Utsunomiya Line<<) - Ōmiya - Miyahara
Keihin-Tōhoku Line
Saikyō Line
Musashino Line
Kawagoe Line
Saitama Rapid Railway Line
Tōbu Railway - Tōbu Urban Park Line
Saitama New Urban Transit ("New Shuttle") - Ina Line

Highways

Culture


Education

Universities

Junior Colleges

Professional Graduate School

Sports

Saitama was one of the host cities for the playoffs and the final of the official 2006 Basketball World Championship.

It is home to two J. League football (soccer) teams: the Urawa Red Diamonds, formerly owned by Mitsubishi, and Omiya Ardija, formerly owned by NTT.

The city and Tokorozawa are home to the Japan Professional Basketball League team the Saitama Broncos.

Since 2013, the city has hosted the Saitama Criterium cycling race sponsored by the Tour de France, held at the end of October.

Mass media

Most of Saitama Prefecture's mass media presence is concentrated in this city. See Mass media in Saitama Prefecture for details.

Sister cities


Saitama has six sister cities.[8]

Visitor attractions


References


  1. ^ "Saitama city official statistics" (in Japanese). Japan.
  2. ^ Saitama climate data
  3. ^ 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値) . Japan Meteorological Agency. Retrieved May 19, 2021.
  4. ^ "DPJ Triumphs in Saitama Election ", The Japan Times, 25 May 2009.
  5. ^ "Company Profile ." Calsonic Kansei. Retrieved on January 29, 2015.
  6. ^ Haneda bus and Narita bus
  7. ^ Connecting TOKYO and Narita Int'l Airport - NARITA HELI EXPRESS
  8. ^ 姉妹友好都市 [Sister Cities] (in Japanese). Saitama Tourism and International Relations Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2013.

External links









Categories: Saitama (city) | Cities in Saitama Prefecture | Cities designated by government ordinance of Japan | Populated places established in 2001 | 2001 establishments in Japan




Information as of: 07.06.2021 10:30:41 CEST

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