Siege of Siracena

Siege of Siracena
Part of First Bosporan Civil War
Date309 BC
Siracena, Sarmatia
Result Strategic Siracen Defense/Tactical Bosporan Defeat
The Siraceni Bosporans,
Commanders and leaders
Satyros II 
Siracen Infantry Thracian peltasts
Greek hoplites
Scythian Infantry
Casualties and losses
Low High

The Siege of Siracena was a Bosporan siege led by Satyrus II and Meniscus on the fortified capital city of the Siraces, Siracena. It that occurred in 309 BC during the First Bosporan Civil War, the Siraces were a hellenized Sarmatian tribe that had sided with Eumelos, a claimant to the Bosporan throne and a brother of Satyrus.



Before the siege, the Bosporan army which had been composed of 34,000 troops (20,000 Scythian Infantry, 10,000 Scythian cavalry, 2,000 Thracians peltasts and 2,000 Greek mercenaries hoplites) had successfully defeated and routed Aripharnes and Eumelos, and the Siracen army of 42,000 (22,000 Infantry, 20,000 cavalry) during the Battle of the River Thatis.

Satyros gave immediate chase to his younger brother, where he came up the Siracen capital city of Siracena which was heavily fortified and situated on that the river Thatis. Knowing that he could not take the city, he plundered the surrounding countryside and took on many prisoners.


Satyros II had his men cut through the trees that surrounded the easiest entry way of the city for a total of 4 days,[1] although on the third day, they began to experience missile fire and arrows from the Siracens on the city's walls, they could not fight back as the woods were too thick and could not see who was firing at them, or from where. On the fourth day, they were able to reach the wall and enter the city.[2] As soon as he made it through, Meniscus fought with great valor and boldness against his enemies, but had to retreat once a larger force of Siracens had arrived at his location. Seeing his friend in danger, Satyrus rushed to his aid and fought valiantly, but was struck with a spear to his right shoulder and he was carried to camp. Satyrus died that night, and Meniscus gave up the siege and took his body back to Panticapaeum.[3]


Meniscus returned the body of his friend Satyros to his younger brother Prytanis, who then assumed the title of basileios and continued his brother's war against his other brother Eumelos. Prytanis would later be spared, to only be later killed after his attempt to usurp his brother Eumelos and he would become ruler of the Bosporan Kingdom and expand its fame and naval power in the Black Sea.


  1. ^ Siculus, Diodorus. Book 22.23 . The men of Satyrus for three days went on cutting down the woods
  2. ^ Siculus, Diodorus. Book 22.23 . by whose aid he easily inflicted mortal wounds on the men who were cutting down the woods, for because of the density of the trees they could neither see the missiles in time nor strike back at the archers.
  3. ^ Siculus, Diodorus. Book 22.23 .

Categories: 309 BC | Wars of the Bosporan Kingdom | 300s BC conflicts

Information as of: 20.07.2020 01:43:34 CEST

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