Sunzha (river)

The Sunzha in Grozny
CountryNorth Ossetia, Ingushetia and Chechnya, Russia
Physical characteristics
 • locationGreater Caucasus, North Ossetia
 • coordinates
Length278 km (173 mi)
Basin size12,000 km2 (4,600 sq mi)
Basin features
ProgressionTerekCaspian Sea

The Sunzha (Russian: Су́нжа, IPA: [ˈsunʐə], Ingush: Шолжа, Sholʒə, Chechen: Соьлжа, Sölƶa[1]) is a river in North Ossetia, Ingushetia and Chechnya, Russia, a tributary of the Terek. It flows northeast inside the great northwest bend of the Terek River and catches most of the rivers that flow north from the mountains before they reach the Terek. It is 278 kilometres (173 mi) long, and has a drainage basin of 12,000 square kilometres (4,600 sq mi).[2] The Sunzha rises on the Northern slope of the Caucasus Major. Its major tributaries are the Assa and Argun. With a turbidity of 3,800 grams per cubic metre (6.4 lb/cu yd), it carries 12.2 million tons of alluvium per year. It is used for irrigation. Cities that lie on the Sunzha include Nazran, Karabulak, Grozny (the capital of Chechnya), and Gudermes. During the First and Second Chechen Wars, the destruction of petroleum reservoirs caused the Sunzha to become polluted with petroleum.[3]


The origin of the name of the river is disputed. The most probable of versions name Sunzha has come from Mongol-Turkic languages in the deformed type. It is known, that Mongols called it Suinchie, Russian Sevenz and in the Chechen language it is names has got in corrective type Solchzha.[citation needed]

There is also other version that the river Sunzha Chechens called before Okhi «Oh'-hi, Оhhи » that means in translation with Chechen – «downwards the river».[citation needed] The Sunzha ( Sundscha) River was reached by The Abwehr, 1933–1943, together with rivers in the Caucasus. The Sunzha was penetrated in part by The Abwehr and the German Armies, 1942–3.

See also


  1. ^ Lepiev A.S., Lepiev İ.A., Türkçe-Çeçençe sözlük, Turkoyŋ-noxçiyŋ doşam, Ankara, 2003
  2. ^ Река Сунжа in the State Water Register of Russia (Russian)
  3. ^ John Daniszewski (March 11, 2001). "Chechens Find a Way to Live Off the Land--Through Oil" . Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on May 24, 2001. Retrieved September 28, 2007.

Categories: Tributaries of the Terek | Rivers of North Ossetia–Alania | Rivers of Ingushetia | Rivers of Chechnya

Information as of: 20.06.2021 05:18:50 CEST

Source: Wikipedia (Authors [History])    License : CC-BY-SA-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.

Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Legal Notice & Privacy policy.