Victoria's Secret Fashion Show - en.LinkFang.org

Victoria's Secret Fashion Show




Victoria's Secret Fashion Show
StatusInactive
GenreFashion show
FrequencyAnnually
Years active24
InauguratedAugust 1, 1995
FounderEdward Razek
Most recent2018
MemberVictoria's Secret
Websitevictoriassecret.com/fashion-show

The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show was an annual promotional event sponsored by and featuring Victoria's Secret, a brand of lingerie. From 1995 to 2018, Victoria's Secret used the show to market its goods in high-profile settings. Models under contract to the company, known as Victoria's Secret Angels, were key participants at the event. The fashion show was cancelled in 2019, the same year its organizer, Edward Razek, resigned under public pressure.[1]

The fashion show, at its peak viewership in 2001, had millions tuning in to watch and was known to be a lavish event with elaborate costumed lingerie, music by leading entertainers, and set design with changing themes.[2][3] With dozens of the world's top fashion models selected to perform in it each year, the fashion show attracted celebrities and entertainers, and regularly featured special performers and acts.

American network television broadcast the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show during prime time. The first few shows in the 1990s were held in the days preceding Valentine's Day, linking the brand to the holiday's romantic theme. In 1999 and 2000, the show was webcast. Beginning in 2001, the event was shifted to take place ahead of the Christmas holiday season. The show made its network television broadcast debut on ABC in 2001, with subsequent years (2002 - 2017) broadcast on CBS; the event returned to ABC for the final 2018 edition. The event was frequently held in New York City at the Plaza Hotel or the 69th Regiment Armory, in addition to special host cities including Miami, Los Angeles, Cannes, Paris, London, and Shanghai.

Cancelation, officially announced in November 2019 amid declining ratings and sales and growing criticism of Razek, was influenced by both the Me Too movement and the association of L Brands' CEO Les Wexner with sex offender Jeffrey Epstein.[4] Critics of the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show considered it objectifying, lacking in diversity of body sizes,[5] and repeatedly inclined towards offensive cultural appropriation with its designs.[3]

Contents

History


1995–2005

The first fashion show, introduced by Stephanie Seymour, was held at the Plaza Hotel in New York City in August 1995. The show also featured Beverly Peele and Frederique van der Wal.[6] The inaugural show occurred two months before The Limited, parent company of Victoria's Secret owner Intimate Brands, sold an initial public offering of a 16 percent stake in the company at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE).[7] Supermodel Stephanie Seymour rang the closing bell at the NYSE as part of the publicity campaign after the event had been promoted by full page adds in the Wall Street Journal.[8][9] The subsequent three annual shows were also held at the Plaza Hotel.[10][11][12]

In 1999, during Super Bowl XXXIII, Victoria's Secret announced a 72-hour countdown to the Internet webcast of their fashion show, which resulted in over 2 million internet viewers.[13] Parent company Intimate Brands bought a $1.5 million ($2.3 million today) 30-second television advertisement during the Super Bowl broadcast and spent an additional $4 million ($6.1 million) on international newspaper publicity.[14] The event, hosted by Broadcast.com,[14] featured Tyra Banks, Laetitia Casta, Heidi Klum, Karen Mulder, Daniela Peštová, Inés Rivero, and Seymour.[15] In 1999 and 2000,[16] the show was broadcast live on the internet. In 2000, the fashion show was held in May, in relation to the Cannes Film Festival in France, in order to raise a reported $3.5 million for the Cinema Against AIDS charity.[17]

The 2001 show, hosted by Rupert Everett,[18] returned to New York City and was held at Bryant Park. That year, the show made its broadcast debut on ABC, drawing millions of viewers as well as some controversy; the Federal Communications Commission received many complaints about the broadcast.[18][19]

From 2002 through 2005, it was held at the Lexington Avenue Armory in New York City.[20] The 2004 show was canceled due to the perceived indecency in broadcasting stemming from the Janet Jackson and Justin Timberlake Super Bowl XXXVIII halftime show controversy, in which Jackson encountered a breast-revealing "wardrobe malfunction".[21]

In 2004, instead of the annual fashion show, the Angels (Tyra Banks, Heidi Klum, Gisele Bündchen, Adriana Lima, and Alessandra Ambrosio) did an Angels Across America Tour, a grassroots campaign for the brand visiting four major cities: New York City, Miami, Las Vegas, and Los Angeles.[22]

2006–2012

Victoria's Secret sister brand PINK made its debut on the runway starting in 2006 and was regularly featured in a segment of the fashion show each year afterward.

In 2006 and 2007, the Victoria’s Secret fashion shows were held at the Kodak Theatre in Los Angeles.[23][24] On November 13, 2007, the company’s Angels were honored with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame outside the Kodak Theatre as part of a celebration to mark Victoria's Secret's 25th anniversary on Hollywood Boulevard.[25] [26]

[27] Justin Timberlake opened the show with his song "Sexy Back". This fashion show included the final walk of Gisele Bündchen.

The 2007 show featured a performance by the Spice Girls, the first American TV debut of the band’s comeback.[28] After Kanye West canceled his appearance, will.i.am was called to perform in his place.[29]

The 2008 show coincided with the grand re-opening of the Fontainebleau Miami Beach hotel and had Usher as a featured performer.[30] Unlike the other shows, the runway was designed parallel with the audience seats.

In 2009, the fashion show returned to the Lexington Avenue Armory and featured the “Victoria's Secret Model Search”, a competition to find a new runway Angel with the winner announced as Kylie Bisutti.[31]

The 2010 Victoria's Secret Fashion show aired on November 30, 2010 on CBS, and featured performances by Katy Perry and Akon.[32] A promotional ad featured a lipdub[33] for Katy Perry's "Firework".[34] As of 2010, 152 models have walked the show.[35]

In 2011, Kanye West started his song "Stronger" with a tribute to his mother who had died before his scheduled performance four years before, saying: "In 2007, I was supposed to perform this song on this show ...and I lost my superhero. Now she's my super-angel."[36]

In 2012, an outfit worn by model Karlie Kloss, which was reminiscent of Native American attire, sparked controversy due to its alleged stereotypical depiction of Native Americans. Victoria's Secret released a statement of apology shortly after, saying that they will remove it from future advertisements and the broadcast. Kloss apologized on her Twitter account for the outfit and expressed her support for the outfit's removal in the broadcast.[37]

2013–2019

The 2013 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show featured performances by Taylor Swift, A Great Big World, Neon Jungle, and Fall Out Boy.[38] Swift performed "I Knew You Were Trouble", A Great Big World performed "Say Something", UK's Neon Jungle made their US television debut with "Trouble", and Fall Out Boy performed with Taylor Swift in "My Songs Know What You Did In The Dark" and later performed "The Phoenix".[38]

In 2014, the Victoria's Secret Fashion show featured performances by Taylor Swift; Ed Sheeran, Ariana Grande, and Hozier.[39] Swift performed "Blank Space" and "Style". Ed Sheeran performed "Thinking Out Loud". Ariana Grande performed "Love Me Harder", "Bang Bang", "Break Free", and "Problem". Hozier performed "Take Me to Church". During the show, Ariana Grande was performing and was hit by accident by Elsa Hosk's wings.[40]

In 2015, the show featured performances by The Weeknd, Selena Gomez, and Ellie Goulding. The Weeknd performed "In the Night" and "Can't Feel My Face" for the show, while Gomez performed a medley of "Hands to Myself" and "Me & My Girls" for the PINK segment. Goulding was contracted as a replacement for Rihanna, who had canceled her appearance just one week before the show in order to focus on recording her album Anti. Goulding performed "Army" and "Love Me Like You Do" for the show.

In 2016, the Victoria's Secret Fashion show featured performances by The Weeknd (performed "Starboy"), Lady Gaga (performed "Million Reasons", plus a medley of "A-Yo" and "John Wayne"), and Bruno Mars (performed "Chunky" for the Pink brand and "24k Magic" for the VS brand).[41] The executive producer of Victoria's Secret, Ed Razek, chose Grand Palais in Paris, France, as the show's location. A major challenge faced with the show was the size of the building and how the show could be showcased on a small TV, as well as the natural lighting in the building, which would get in the way of the tradition of the show being held at night.[42][43]

The 2017 show was held in Shanghai, China and was the first Victoria's Secret Fashion Show to be held in Asia.[44] The show featured the first-ever segment in collaboration with another brand, French fashion house Balmain. The theme and designs were co-steered by Victoria's Secret and Balmain creative director Olivier Rousteing.[45] Performers included Harry Styles (performed Kiwi and Only Angel), Miguel (performed Pineapple Skies and Told You So), Jane Zhang (performed a medley of Work For It, 808, and Dust My Shoulders Off), and Leslie Odom Jr. (performed Winter Song). A performance by Katy Perry was canceled due to her visa to travel to China being revoked.[46] A week before the show was due to be filmed, model Gigi Hadid stated that she had been denied access to the show. Russian models were also reportedly denied visas for entry to Chin.[47]

In November 2018, the company's chief of marketing Ed Razek was criticized for comments he made in an interview with Vogue, suggesting that the fashion show did not cast trans women—whom he referred to using the now-rejected term "transsexuals"—because "the show is a fantasy". Razek apologized for the "insensitive" comments, noting that trans women have attempted to audition for the show in the past, but that "it was never about gender. I admire and respect their journey to embrace who they really are." Razek also faced criticism for similar comments regarding plus-size models, stating they had not attempted to do a show for them since 2000 since there was no viewer interest.[48][49] Criticism of Razek for anachronistic and misogynistic business practices intensified, from both inside and outside the company, and he resigned in August of 2019.[1]

Cancellation

In May 2019, it was reported that L Brands CEO Les Wexner had issued a memo questioning the future of the show, stating that network television was no longer the "right fit", and that the company planned to focus on "developing exciting and dynamic content and a new kind of event."[50] Viewership of the show had fallen from 9.2 million viewers in 2014 to 3.2 million in 2018. Victoria's Secret had also been experiencing an overall decline due to increasing competition, as well as changing perceptions to the company's marketing—which a retail analyst described as encouraging women to objectify themselves to "impress men".[51][52]

On November 21, 2019, L Brands CFO Stuart Burgdoerfer officially confirmed that the 2019 fashion show had been canceled, citing its declining viewership and lack of immediate "material impact" on Victoria's Secret sales post-broadcast. He re-affirmed that Victoria's Secret was "figuring out how to advance the positioning of the brand and best communicate that to customers".[51][53] The New York Times reported that the company was seeking to distance itself from the controversy following fallout from the Jeffrey Epstein sexual abuse scandal and Wexner's ties to Epstein.[4]

Wings as a design element


The wings were first introduced in the 1998 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show.[2] A consistent feature of each year's collection, wings were included as a part of some outfits. The idea to feature wings as part of the collection came in the wake of the immense success of the "Angels"-bra line, which was advertised with the models Tyra Banks, Helena Christensen, Karen Mulder, Daniela Pestova, and Stephanie Seymour wearing wings. The same models who were featured in the campaigns for the "Angel"-bra line, with the exception of Chandra North filling in the spot for Christensen, walked the runway with Angel wings on..[citation needed] Over the years, the show featured various forms and sizes of wings, such as butterfly, peacock, or devil wings, which have become emblematic of the Victoria's Secret brand. The wings were, at times, ornamental back pieces worn by the models on the runway, with limited resemblance to traditional wings. Some models considered it an honor to wear the wings.[citation needed]

Adriana Lima has worn the most winged costumes in the history of the show. With her count of 22 pair of wings, she's closely followed by Alessandra Ambrosio and Candice Swanepoel, who have worn 18 pair of wings.[citation needed]

Critical review


The early webcasts were criticized for poor connection, and users that could connect were subjected to low video quality.[14] One critic from The New York Times described the initial 20th-century webcast experience as having felt like he was "watching a striptease through a keyhole".[8]

Some critics have described the 21st-century televised editions of the show as pornographic,[54][55] while others have described it as both "outright commercialism" and indistinguishable from an infomercial.[18] The Federal Communications Commission has received complaints regarding the broadcast, but no fines have been imposed, with the FCC, following the 2001 airing, citing the First Amendment and stating that "sexual or excretory activities or organs in a patently offensive manner as measured by contemporary community standards for the broadcast medium" were not broadcast.[56] In the initial 2001 airing ABC blurred the screen on particularly sheer lingerie.[55] This enabled the show to pass muster with its internal Broadcast Standards and Practices department and to achieve a TV Parental Guidelines rating of TV-14 (a rating maintained for each broadcast presentation over the years), as a TV-MA rating is virtually unmarketable for advertisers on broadcast television.[57] In 2002, the National Organization for Women protested the show calling it a "soft-core porn infomercial."[54] They were joined in protest by the Parents Television Council and other watchdog organizations.[55] Despite the program's timeslot and parental ratings, some affiliates have chosen not to air the program, including Fisher Communications' CBS stations in Boise and Idaho Falls, Idaho in the past.[55] In 2009, the American Decency Association organized email letters of protests to sponsors of the show including AT&T, Kentucky Fried Chicken, Netflix, Nikon, and Reebok.[58] CBS described the event as "the Super Bowl of fashion" in 2014.[59]

Summary table


# Event Dates Locations Broadcaster Viewers (millions) Models Performers
List Ref.
1 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 1995 August 1, 1995 Plaza Hotel, New York City
 USA
no broadcast no broadcast [6] None
2 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 1996 February 6, 1996 Plaza Hotel, New York City
 USA
no broadcast no broadcast [10][60][61][62]
3 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 1997 February 4, 1997 Plaza Hotel, New York City
 USA
no broadcast no broadcast [11][63][64]
4 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 1998 February 3, 1998 Plaza Hotel, New York City
 USA
no broadcast no broadcast [65][12][66]
5 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 1999 February 3, 1999 Cipriani Wall Street restaurant, New York City
 USA
webcast by Broadcast.com 2.0+[13] [16][66][67][68][69][70]
6 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2000 May 18, 2000 Cannes
 France
webcast [65][71][72][73]
7 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2001 November 13, 2001[74]
aired: November 15, 2001[74]
Bryant Park, New York City
 USA
ABC 12.4 [75][76][77] Mary J. Blige and Andrea Bocelli
8 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2002 November 14, 2002[78]
aired: November 20, 2002[79]
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS 10.5 [76][79][80][81] Destiny's Child, Marc Anthony, and Phil Collins
9 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2003 November 13, 2003[82]
aired: November 19, 2003[83]
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
UPN repeat
9.44[84]
3.5
[82][85][86][87] Sting, Mary J. Blige, and Eve
Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2004 2004 (Angels Across America Tour instead of annual fashion show) New York City, Miami, Las Vegas and Los Angeles[22]
 USA
None N/A N/A None
10 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2005 November 9, 2005[20]
aired: December 6, 2005[88]
re-aired: December 13, 2005[89]
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
UPN repeat
8.9[90]
3.33[91]
[20][88][92][93] Chris Botti, Ricky Martin, Seal, and Rutgers University Drumline[94]
11 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2006 November 16, 2006[23]
aired: December 5, 2006[95]
re-aired: December 19, 2006[96]
Kodak Theatre, Los Angeles
 USA
CBS
The CW
6.78[97] [21][23][95][98] Justin Timberlake
12 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2007 November 16, 2007[99]
aired: December 4, 2007[24]
re-aired: December 11, 2007
Kodak Theatre, Los Angeles
 USA
CBS
The CW
7.4[100]
2.94[101]
[24][102][103] Spice Girls, will.i.am, Seal and Heidi Klum
13 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2008 November 15, 2008[104]
aired: December 3, 2008[30]
re-aired: December 17, 2008
Fontainebleau Hotel, Miami
 USA
CBS
The CW
8.7[105]
2.43[106]
[30][107][108][109] Usher and Jorge Moreno
14 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2009 November 19, 2009[110]
aired: December 1, 2009[110]
re-aired: December 9, 2009
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
The CW
8.3[111]
1.7[112]
[114] The Black Eyed Peas[115]
15 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2010 November 10, 2010
aired: November 30, 2010
re-aired: December 8, 2010
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
The CW
10.4[116]
2.4[117]
[118][119][120] Katy Perry and Akon
16 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2011 November 9, 2011
aired: November 29, 2011
aired: December 14, 2011
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
The CW
10.3[121]
1.6[122]
[123] Maroon 5, Kanye West, Jay-Z, and Nicki Minaj[124]
17 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2012 November 7, 2012
aired: December 4, 2012
re-aired: December 12, 2012
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
The CW
9.48[125]
1.52[126]
[127][128] Rihanna, Justin Bieber, and Bruno Mars
18 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2013 November 13, 2013
aired: December 10, 2013
re-aired: December 16, 2013
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City
 USA
CBS
The CW repeat
9.72[129]
1.11[130]
Taylor Swift, Fall Out Boy, Neon Jungle, A Great Big World, and Rutgers University Drumline[131]
19 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2014 December 2, 2014
airing: December 9, 2014
re-aired: December 16, 2014
Earls Court, London[132]
 United Kingdom
CBS
The CW repeat
9.29[133]
1.24[134]
[135][136] Taylor Swift, Ed Sheeran, Ariana Grande, and Hozier
20 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2015 November 10, 2015
airing: December 8, 2015
re-aired: December 15, 2015
Lexington Avenue Armory,
New York City,
 USA
CBS
The CW repeat
6.59[137]
1.20[138]
[139] Ellie Goulding, Selena Gomez, and The Weeknd
21 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2016 November 30, 2016
airing: December 5, 2016
re-aired: December 14, 2016
Grand Palais,
Paris,[140]
 France
CBS
The CW repeat
6.67[141] [139] Lady Gaga, Bruno Mars, and The Weeknd[142]
22 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2017 November 20, 2017
airing: November 28, 2017
re-aired: 2017
Mercedes Benz Arena,
Shanghai,
 China
CBS
The CW repeat
4.98[143] [144] Harry Styles, Miguel, Li Yundi, Leslie Odom Jr., and Jane Zhang
23 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2018 November 8, 2018

airing: December 2, 2018

re-aired: December 7, 2018

Pier 94, New York City,
 USA
ABC 3.27 Shawn Mendes, Rita Ora, The Chainsmokers, Bebe Rexha, Halsey, Leela James, Kelsea Ballerini, and The Struts
24 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2019 (canceled) 2019 None N/A

[145]

None

Fantasy Bra


Typically, one model is chosen among the Angels to wear a bejeweled bra dubbed the "Fantasy Bra". It was first advertised in the Victoria's Secret catalog, but since 2001 has been worn in the fashion shows. Prior to each fashion show, Victoria's Secret contracts a renowned jewelry designer to craft the bra to be used as a focal point for promoting the fashion show and as a centerpiece within it. However, only the centerpiece from the 2004 Heavenly "70" Fantasy Bra and the 2012 Floral Fantasy Bra and Gift Set have found a buyer.[146][147] If not bought, the bras are usually dismantled after a year.[148][149]

Heidi Klum and Adriana Lima have worn the Fantasy Bra in three different years.[150] Gisele Bündchen, Tyra Banks, Karolína Kurková, and Alessandra Ambrosio have each worn two Fantasy Bras.[151] Tyra Banks also wore the 1996 Million Dollar Miracle Bra during the 1999 fashion show.[152] As of 2018, the fantasy bra has been worn by 8 times by a Brazilian model, 5 times by an American model, 4 times by a German model, and 3 times by a Czech model.

The $15 million price tag for the 2000 bra worn by Gisele Bündchen earned a place in the Guinness World Records as the most expensive item of lingerie ever created.[153] The $3 million 2009 Harlequin Fantasy Bra and the $2 million 2010 Bombshell Fantasy Bra were designed by Damiani.[154] Listed below are the prices per set (including accessories for the 2007 and 2013 editions, the 2013 bra alone is worth $8,000,000[149]). The 2012 Floral Fantasy Bra was accompanied by a $500,000 perfume bottle.

In 2014, for the first time, two fantasy bras were created. They were worn by Alessandra Ambrosio and Adriana Lima and were valued at $2,000,000 each.

Year Name Model Value Appeared in
fashion show
Refs
1996 Million Dollar Miracle Bra Claudia Schiffer $1,000,000 [152][155]
1997 Diamond Dream Bra Tyra Banks $3,000,000
1998 Dream Angel Bra Daniela Peštová $5,000,000
1999 Millennium Bra Heidi Klum $10,000,000 [150]
2000 Red Hot Fantasy Bra/Panties Gisele Bündchen $15,000,000 [153]
2001 Heavenly Star Bra Heidi Klum $12,500,000 [156]
2002 Star of Victoria Fantasy Bra Karolína Kurková $10,000,000 [157]
2003 Very Sexy Fantasy Bra Heidi Klum $11,000,000 [158]
2004 Heavenly "70" Fantasy Bra Tyra Banks $10,000,000 [159]
2005 Sexy Splendor Fantasy Bra Gisele Bündchen $12,500,000 [160]
2006 Hearts On Fire Diamond Fantasy Bra Karolína Kurková $6,500,000 [157]
2007 Holiday Fantasy Bra Set Selita Ebanks $4,500,000 [161]
2008 Black Diamond Fantasy Miracle Bra Adriana Lima $5,000,000 [162]
2009 Harlequin Fantasy Bra Marisa Miller $3,000,000 [163]
2010 Bombshell Fantasy Bra Adriana Lima $2,000,000 [164]
2011 Fantasy Treasure Bra Miranda Kerr $2,500,000 [165]
2012 Floral Fantasy Bra & Gift Set Alessandra Ambrosio $2,500,000 [166]
2013 Royal Fantasy Bra Candice Swanepoel $10,000,000 [167]
2014 Dream Angels Fantasy Bras Alessandra Ambrosio
Adriana Lima
$2,000,000
$2,000,000
[168]
2015 Fireworks Fantasy Bra Lily Aldridge $2,000,000 [169]
2016 Bright Night Fantasy Bra Jasmine Tookes $3,000,000 [170]
2017 Champagne Nights Fantasy Bra Lais Ribeiro $2,000,000 [171]
2018 Dream Angels Fantasy Bra Elsa Hosk $1,000,000 [172]

Fantasy Bra count

# Model Count Year
1 Adriana Lima 3 2008, 2010, 2014
Heidi Klum 1999, 2001, 2003
2 Alessandra Ambrosio 2 2012, 2014
Karolína Kurková 2002, 2006
Gisele Bündchen 2000, 2005
Tyra Banks 1997, 2004
3 Elsa Hosk 1 2018
Lais Ribeiro 2017
Jasmine Tookes 2016
Lily Aldridge 2015
Candice Swanepoel 2013
Miranda Kerr 2011
Marisa Miller 2009
Selita Ebanks 2007
Daniela Peštová 1998
Claudia Schiffer 1996

Swarovski


Since 2003, similar to the Fantasy Bra, one or more models are chosen to wear the "Swarovski Outfit" and the "Swarovski Wings" every year. The first Swarovski items that were shown on the runway were given to Alessandra Ambrosio. Victoria's Secret had worked with Swarovski for 9 years prior to the Swarovski items worn on the runway in 2011.[173]

Alessandra Ambrosio's Swarovski outfit, worn in 2011, included a 60-pound wing which was made out of 105,000 Swarovski crystals. The base of her wing was made out of 23-carat gold. Cameron Russell was given the "10th Anniversary" Swarovski outfit, worn in 2012, celebrating Victoria's Secret's 10th year working with Swarovski.

The 2013 Swarovski outfit was a 3D printed piece given to Lindsay Ellingson, which included mini-micro Swarovski crystals. In 2017, Elsa Hosk was chosen to wear the 15th Anniversary Swarovski outfit, which came out to a total value of $1,000,000.

Year Model Runway Shows Segment Worn Notes
2011 Alessandra Ambrosio 2000-2017 Segment 3: Passion Play Heaviest Wings (40 pounds)
2012 Cameron Russell 2011–2012 Segment 5: Silver Screen Angels 10th Anniversary Swarovski Outfit
2013 Lindsay Ellingson 2007–2014 Segment 6: Snow Angels 3D Printed Swarovski Outfit
2014 Lily Donaldson 2010–2016 Segment 5: Fairy Tale "The Swarovski Look"
2015 Martha Hunt 2013–2018 Segment 6: Fireworks Includes Swarovski, Light Up Wings
2016 Josephine Skriver 2013–2018 Segment 6: Bright Night Angel Silver Fringe Swarovski Outfit
2017 Elsa Hosk 2011–2018 Segment 5: Nomadic Adventure $1,000,000 Swarovski Outfit and Wing
2018 Romee Strijd 2014-2018 Segment 7: Celestial Angel Shooting Star Swarovski Outfit and Wing

Show Opening & Closing models


# Year Opening model Opening count Closing count Angel status Runway shows Notes Closing model Opening count Closing count Angel status Runway shows Notes
1 1995 Ingrid Seynhaeve 1 1995 • 1997 • 2000 Non-Angel Opening [174] Stephanie Seymour 1 1997-2000 1995-2000
2 1996 Naomi Campbell 1 1996–1998 • 2002–2003 • 2005 Non-Angel Opening Stephanie Seymour 2 1997-2000 1995–2000
3 1997 Claudia Schiffer 1 1997 Non-Angel Opening [175] Naomi Campbell 1 1 1996–1998 • 2002–2003 • 2005 Non-Angel Closing
4 1998 Karen Mulder 1 1996–2000 1996–2000 [176] Naomi Campbell 1 2 1996–1998 • 2002–2003 • 2005 Non-Angel Closing
5 1999 Carmen Kass 1 1 1999–2000 • 2002–2003 • 2008 Non-Angel Opening & Closing [177][177] Carmen Kass 1 1 1999–2000 • 2002–2003 • 2008 Non-Angel Opening & Closing [177][177]
6 2000 Gisele Bündchen 1 2000–2007 1999–2003 • 2005-2006 Laetitia Casta 1 1998–2000 1997–2000
7 2001 Karolína Kurková 1 2005–2009 2000–2003 • 2005-2008 • 2010 Non-Angel Opening Adriana Lima 1 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010–2018
8 2002 Gisele Bündchen 2 2000–2007 1999–2003 • 2005-2006 Adriana Lima 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010–2018
9 2003 Adriana Lima 1 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010–2018 Heidi Klum 1 1999–2010 1997–2003 • 2005 • 2007–2009
10 2005 Gisele Bündchen 3 2000–2007 1999–2003 • 2005-2006 Wearing "Sexy Splendor Fantasy Bra" ($12,500,000) Tyra Banks 1 1997–2005 1996–2003 • 2005 Last Walk
11 2006 Gisele Bündchen 4 2000–2007 1999–2003 • 2005-2006 Ana Beatriz Barros 1 2002–2003 • 2005–2006 • 2008–2009 Non-Angel Closing
12 2007 Adriana Lima 2 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010–2018 Heidi Klum 2 1999–2010 1997–2003 • 2005 • 2007–2009 Tied with Adriana Lima for most shows closed, with 2.
13 2008 Adriana Lima 3 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010-2018 Heidi Klum 3 1999–2010 1997–2003 • 2005 • 2007–2009
14 2009 Alessandra Ambrosio 1 2004–2017 2000–2003 • 2005–2017 Doutzen Kroes 1 2008–2014 2005–2006 • 2008–2009 • 2011–2014
15 2010 Adriana Lima 4 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005–2008 • 2010–2018 Tied with Gisele Bündchen for most shows opened, with 4. Chanel Iman 1 2010–2012 2009–2011
16 2011 Candice Swanepoel 1 2010–present 2007–2015 • 2017–2018 Karlie Kloss 1 2013–2015 2011–2014 • 2017 Non-Angel Closing
17 2012 Adriana Lima 5 2 2000–2018 1999–2003 • 2005-2008 • 2010–2018 Currently holds the record for most shows opened, with 5. Toni Garrn 1 2011-2013•2018 Non-Angel Closing
18 2013 Candice Swanepoel 2 2010–present 2007–2015 • 2017–2018 Wearing "Royal Fantasy Bra" ($10,000,000) Magdalena Frackowiak 1 2010 • 2012–2015 Non-Angel Closing
19 2014 Behati Prinsloo 1 2009–present 2007–2015 • 2018 Candice Swanepoel 2 1 2010–present 2007–2015 • 2017–2018
20 2015 Behati Prinsloo 2 2009–present 2007–2015 • 2018 Martha Hunt 1 2015–present 2013–2018 Wearing Swarovski Outfit
21 2016 Elsa Hosk 1 2015–present 2011–2018 Lily Aldridge 1 2010–present 2009–2017
22 2017 Candice Swanepoel 3 1 2010–present 2007–2015 • 2017–2018 Alessandra Ambrosio 1 1 2004-2017 2000–2003 • 2005–2017
23 2018 Taylor Hill 1 2015–present 2014-2018 Adriana Lima 5 3 2000-2018 1999-2003 • 2005-2008 • 2010-2018 Tied with Heidi Klum for most shows closed, with 3.

Last Walk.

Opening count

Until 2018, 13 models have opened the show.

# Opening model Opening count Year
1 Adriana Lima 5 2003, 2007-2008, 2010, 2012
2 Gisele Bündchen 4 2000, 2002, 2005-2006
3 Candice Swanepoel 3 2011, 2013, 2017
4 Behati Prinsloo 2 2014-2015
5 Taylor Hill 1 2018
Elsa Hosk 2016
Alessandra Ambrosio 2009
Karolína Kurková 2001
Carmen Kass 1999
Karen Mulder 1998
Claudia Schiffer 1997
Naomi Campbell 1996
Ingrid Seynhaeve 1995

Closing count

Until 2018, 17 models have closed the show.

# Closing model Closing count Year
1 Adriana Lima 3 2001, 2002, 2018
Heidi Klum 2003, 2007, 2008
2 Naomi Campbell 2 1997, 1998
Stephanie Seymour 1995, 1996
3 Alessandra Ambrosio 1 2017
Lily Aldridge 2016
Martha Hunt 2015
Candice Swanepoel 2014
Magdalena Frackowiak 2013
Toni Garrn 2012
Karlie Kloss 2011
Chanel Iman 2010
Doutzen Kroes 2009
Ana Beatriz Barros 2006
Tyra Banks 2005
Laetitia Casta 2000
Carmen Kass 1999

See also


References


  1. ^ a b Silver-Greenberg, Jessica; Rosman, Katherine; Maheshwari, Sapna; Stewart, James B. (February 1, 2020). "'Angels' in Hell: The Culture of Misogyny Inside Victoria's Secret" . The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  2. ^ a b Storey, Kate (November 29, 2016). "The Untold History of the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . ELLE. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  3. ^ a b Koul, Scaachi (November 25, 2019). "No One's Gonna Miss The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . BuzzFeed News. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Hsu, Tiffany; Steel, Emily (August 5, 2019). "Victoria's Secret Executive Leaves as Company Distances Itself From Epstein" . The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331 . Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  5. ^ "The 2019 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show Is Canceled" . NPR.org. November 25, 2019. Retrieved June 7, 2020.
  6. ^ a b Flaim, Denise (August 3, 1995). "Victoria's Secrets For All to See A peekaboo bra-fest on the Plaza runway" . Newsday. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  7. ^ "Interest In Stock Offer Is Modest - Sales May Reveal Trouble For Spice Lingerie Retailer" . Sun-Sentinel. October 24, 1995. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  8. ^ a b Rothstein, Edward (February 5, 1999). "Internet Review; A Sex Metaphor, by Victoria's Secret" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  9. ^ Rogers, David L.; Vrotsos, Karen L.; Schmitt, Bernd H. (2003). There's No Business That's Not Show Business: Marketing in an Experience Culture . FT Press. ISBN 9780132704076.
  10. ^ a b Flaim, Denise, Paul D. Colford, and Andy Edelstein (February 8, 1996). "Flash! The latest entertainment news and more" . Newsday. Retrieved March 6, 2009.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  11. ^ a b Marshall, Hood (February 9, 1997). "Victoria Can't Keep Much Secret For Valentine's Day" . The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  12. ^ a b Smith, Liz (February 5, 1998). "A D.C. Power Pair" . Newsday. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  13. ^ a b Farrell, Greg (February 8, 1999). "Victoria's Secret weapon: Ad exec Woman behind spots has been to Bowl before" . USA Today. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
  14. ^ a b c Napoli, Lisa (February 8, 1999). "The Media Business: Advertising; Was the Victoria's Secret show a Web failure? Hardly. There's no such thing as bad publicity" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  15. ^ Parnes, Francine (February 3, 1999). "Victoria jiggling into cyberspace" . The Denver Post. Retrieved March 11, 2009.
  16. ^ a b Parnes, Francine (February 3, 1999). "Victoria jiggling into cyberspace" . The Denver Post. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  17. ^ Ealy, Charles (May 7, 2000). "Cannes can still deliver the goods - Nothing else compares to this chaotic festival" . The Dallas Morning News. Retrieved March 8, 2009.
  18. ^ a b c Kuczynski, Alex (November 18, 2001). "VIEW; Victoria's Secret on TV: Another First for Women" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  19. ^ "FCC official makes no secret of displeasure over lingerie show" . CNN. November 21, 2002. Retrieved March 8, 2013.[permanent dead link]
  20. ^ a b c Robertson, Campbell (November 11, 2005). "Boldface" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  21. ^ a b Critchell, Samantha (November 23, 2006). "Models Prepare For Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . The Press of Atlantic City. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  22. ^ a b Sturrock, Staci (November 16, 2004). "Celestial Bodies" . The Palm Beach Post. Cox Media Group. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
  23. ^ a b c "The Secret? Sexy Takes Time, Effort" . Daily News of Los Angeles. November 17, 2006. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  24. ^ a b c Korb, Michael (December 2, 2007). "Model behavior on CBS' ' Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2007'" . Charleston Gazette. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  25. ^ "Victoria's Secret Angels 'Hollywood Walk Of Fame'" . PopCrunch. November 14, 2007. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2009.
  26. ^ "Victoria's Secret Angels 'Hollywood Walk Of Fame'" . The Insider. November 14, 2007. Archived from the original on August 18, 2009. Retrieved March 9, 2009.
  27. ^ "Victorias Secret Fashion Shows" . Best Lingerie Brands. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved February 28, 2010.
  28. ^ Sage, Alexandria (November 16, 2007). "Spice Girls strut down Victoria's Secret runway" . Reuters. Retrieved February 27, 2010.
  29. ^ Castina (November 15, 2007). "Will.i.am To Replace Kanye West" . PopCrunch. Archived from the original on September 3, 2012. Retrieved January 6, 2008.
  30. ^ a b c Abravanel, Lesley (November 14, 2008). "Singin' the Fontainebleau shut-out blues?" . The Miami Herald. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  31. ^ Smith, Olivia (December 2, 2009). "Kylie Bisutti bests Jamie Lee Darley to win Victoria's Secret Model Search, makes runway debut" . New York Daily News. Retrieved January 17, 2010.
  32. ^ "It's On! 2010 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show Announced" . Victoria's Secret. September 3, 2010. Archived from the original on September 14, 2010. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
  33. ^ "Victoria's Secret Video: VS Loves Katy Perry" (Video). New York, NY: Victoria Secret, CBS. November 29, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  34. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Show: Victoria's Secret 2010 - VS Loves Katy Perry" (Video). New York, NY: Victoria Secret, CBS. November 29, 2010. Retrieved February 5, 2011.
  35. ^ "VICTORIA'S SECRET : SOPHIA'S 10 DIARY : THE PEP TALK" . YouTube. December 3, 2010. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  36. ^ Gibson, Christina (November 10, 2011). "E! Online" . www.eonline.com. Christina Gibson. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  37. ^ Karlie Kloss's Victoria's Secret American Indian outfit causes controversy. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  38. ^ a b "2013 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show - The Performances (Video)" . Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  39. ^ Finn, Natalie (November 17, 2014). "News/2014 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show: Ariana Grande, Taylor Swift and More Performers Announced!" . E!. Retrieved December 15, 2014.
  40. ^ "Ariana Grande gets smacked in face by Victoria's Secret model's wings - LA Times" . Los Angeles Times. December 3, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2015.
  41. ^ "2017 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . Victoria's Secret. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  42. ^ "SECRETS BEHIND THE VICTORIA SECRET'S FASHION SHOW AT PARIS DEC 5 2016- My Fashion 19" . www.myfashion19.com. December 7, 2016. Retrieved December 7, 2016.
  43. ^ "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show-IMDb" . IMDb.
  44. ^ "2018 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" .
  45. ^ "Road to the Runway: Episode 5 —VS x BALMAIN" – via www.youtube.com.
  46. ^ Coleman, Oli (November 17, 2017). "Katy Perry banned from China as Victoria's Secret Fashion Show continues to crumble" . Page Six. Retrieved November 16, 2017.
  47. ^ Newbold, Alice (November 16, 2017). "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2017: Everything You Need To Know" . Vogue. Archived from the original on July 25, 2018. Retrieved June 8, 2020.
  48. ^ Nyren, Erin (November 10, 2018). "Victoria's Secret Exec Apologizes for Transgender Comments After Fashion Show" . Variety. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  49. ^ "Victoria's Secret Faces Backlash After Exec's Comments About Trans and Plus-Size Models" . The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  50. ^ Thomas, Lauren. "Victoria's Secret 'rethinking' annual fashion show, says network TV not 'right fit'" . CNBC. Retrieved May 11, 2019.
  51. ^ a b Low, Elaine (November 22, 2019). "Why the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show Was Canceled" . Variety. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  52. ^ Mzezewa, Tariro (November 18, 2018). "Victoria's Secret? In 2018, Fewer Women Want to Hear It" . The New York Times. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  53. ^ Setty, Ganesh (November 20, 2019). "Shares of Victoria's Secret parent L Brands jump on fourth-quarter forecast, in-line profits" . CNBC. Retrieved November 24, 2019.
  54. ^ a b Stevens, Dana (November 20, 2003). "These Are a Few of My Favorite Thongs: The Victoria's Secret spectacle on CBS" . Slate. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  55. ^ a b c d "Watchdog Groups Protest Victoria's Secret Show" . Fox News. November 20, 2002. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  56. ^ People: Sexy Telecast No Problem With FCC. March 26, 2002.
  57. ^ Kleder, Martha (November 21, 2001). "FCC Investigating ABC's 'Victoria's Secret Fashion Show'" . Concerned Women for America. Archived from the original on July 28, 2012. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  58. ^ "Victoria's Secret toning down? Not!" . American Decency Association. December 2, 2009. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved March 2, 2010.
  59. ^ "Backstage pass: Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . CBS News. December 3, 2014. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
  60. ^ 90s Fashion (August 10, 2015). "VIctoria Secrect [sic] 1996" . Retrieved August 25, 2017 – via YouTube.
  61. ^ Wells, Melanie (February 14, 1996). "Victoria's secret to success – Mixing romance, fantasy" . USA Today. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  62. ^ "Yasmeen Ghauri" . nymag.com. New York Magazine. Archived from the original on January 22, 2014. Retrieved January 14, 2014.
  63. ^ Washington, Roxanne (February 13, 1997). "Real Men Absent On N.Y. Runway" . The Plain Dealer. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  64. ^ Davidson, Justin & Julia Szabo (February 6, 1997). "Flash! The latest entertainment news and more" . Newsday. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  65. ^ a b Callaway, Libby (May 18, 2000). "Model Behavior – Secret Gals Smile For Pre-Show Audience" . New York Post. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  66. ^ a b "Height, Weight, Hairstyle, Hair Color, College, Relationships and Complete Profile of Female Celebrity Jaime King" . Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2009.
  67. ^ "Tech" . The Daily Ardmoreite. February 4, 1999. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  68. ^ "Advertising Mascots – People" . tvacres.com. Archived from the original on December 9, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  69. ^ Lacitis, Erik (February 5, 1999). "Where Were You And 1.5 Million Others When Victoria's Secret Show Aired?" . The Seattle Times. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  70. ^ Wolf, Barnet D. (February 7, 1999). "Victoria's Secret Sold On Concept of Cybermedium" . The Columbus Dispatch. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  71. ^ Callaway, Libby (May 21, 2000). "Showing Off Their Cannes: The Post Goes Behind The Scenes At The World's Biggest Fashion Show" . New York Post. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  72. ^ Callaway, Libby (May 17, 2000). "Pretty in Pink, Victoria's Angels' Wing Their Way To France A La Concorde" . New York Post. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  73. ^ Callaway, Libby & Jonathan Foreman (May 19, 2000). "A Fest-Seller At Cannes: Fashion" . New York Post. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  74. ^ a b Penn, Faye (November 14, 2001). "Bridget's Got A Hall-uva Secret" . New York Post. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  75. ^ Kaplan, Don (November 17, 2001). "Victoria's Undies Fall Off" . New York Post. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  76. ^ a b Stern, Jared Paul (November 8, 2002). "'Secret' No Longer: Model List Released" . New York Post. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  77. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2001)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  78. ^ "PETA Pans Gisele In Victoria's Secret Protest" . New York Post. November 15, 2002. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  79. ^ a b Bobbin, Jay (November 17, 2002). "Heidi Klum reveals Victoria's fashion secrets in CBS special" . The Daily Ardmoreite. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  80. ^ Rosenthal, Phil (November 20, 2002). "An hour barely covers it" . Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  81. ^ "Movie Moguls Let Fur Fly, Too" . New York Post. November 17, 2002. Retrieved March 6, 2009.
  82. ^ a b Hoffmann, Bill (November 14, 2003). "Playing Our Thong – Victoria's Celebs Lead Undie Fun Day" . New York Post. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  83. ^ Hanson, Holly (October 30, 2003). "Victoria's Secret Likes Somerset – Local Store Is First To Get New Model Makeup Kit" . Detroit Free Press. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  84. ^ Berman, Marc (November 21, 2003). "The Programming Insider: Friday 11/21/03" . Mediaweek. Archived from the original on January 26, 2009. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  85. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2003)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  86. ^ Kahn, Robert (November 17, 2003). "Victoria's Latex Secret Now on Show" . Newsday. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  87. ^ Radsken, Jill (November 19, 2003). "Fashion – Peek experience – Behind the scenes at the Victoria's Secret fashion show" . Boston Herald. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  88. ^ a b Critchell, Samantha (November 27, 2005). "Camp On The Catwalk – Victoria's Secret puts on a show – How to make a supermodel smile" . Houston Chronicle. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  89. ^ Grossman, Ben (December 8, 2005). "UPN Shares Victoria's Secret" . BroadcastingCable.com. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  90. ^ de Moraes, Lisa (December 8, 2005). "Viewers Are Scanty for 'Victoria's Secret Fashion Show'" . The Washington Post. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  91. ^ "Viewers are following the scripts" . Los Angeles Times. December 21, 2005. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  92. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2005)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  93. ^ Amodio, Joseph V. (December 5, 2005). "Prime-Time Catwalk Are supermodels a dying breed? Victoria's Secret may be the last launching pad for the next big name" . Newsday. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  94. ^ "CBS Specials: Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2005" . CBS. Retrieved November 8, 2007.
  95. ^ a b Shattuck, Kathryn (December 5, 2005). "What's on Tuesday" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  96. ^ "CBS Repeats as Tuesday Winner" . Zap2It.com. December 20, 2006. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  97. ^ "Weekly Program Rankings" . ABC Medianet. December 12, 2006. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved December 15, 2018.
  98. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2006)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  99. ^ "Will.I.Am Replaces Kanye At VS Show" . San Jose Mercury News. November 17, 2007. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
  100. ^ Cox, Jennifer (December 5, 2007). "Victoria's Secret Racy Pics, Models, Spice Girls Boost Fashion Show" . The National Ledger. Archived from the original on December 16, 2008. Retrieved December 5, 2007.
  101. ^ Seidman, Robert (December 12, 2007). "Overnight Results 12/11: A Rare NBC Win" . TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on November 3, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  102. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2007)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  103. ^ Rosenthal, Phil (December 9, 2007). "Models can't make hard sell look attractive" . Chicago Tribune. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  104. ^ "Stars come out for Fontainebleau" . The Miami Herald. November 17, 2008. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  105. ^ Barrett, Annie (December 4, 2008). "TV Ratings: 'Rudolph' glows ('like a light bulb!') for CBS" . Entertainment Weekly. Hollywood Insider. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  106. ^ Seidman, Robert (December 18, 2008). "Wednesday Ratings: 'Life' and 'Private Practice' no match for 'Criminal Minds'" . TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on December 24, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  107. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2008)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  108. ^ Micchandani, Raakhee (December 3, 2008). "Backstage Secrets – Behind The Brassieres At The Victoria's Secret Fashion" . New York Post. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  109. ^ "Quick Chemistry" . New York Post. November 19, 2008. Retrieved March 7, 2009.
  110. ^ a b Mirchandani, Raakhee & Danica Lo (November 19, 2009). "Secret Angels Bare Skinny" . New York Post. p. 67. Retrieved November 23, 2009.
  111. ^ Cantor, Brian (December 2, 2009). "Obama Barely Helps "90210" Ratings, "Biggest Loser" Tops "Victoria's Secret"" . Headline Planet. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  112. ^ Nguyen, Hanh (December 10, 2009). "TV Ratings: CBS' crime lords it over Wednesday; Adults on the rise on FOX, ABC" . TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  113. ^ As the runner-up to Victoria's Secret Model Search competition winner Kylie Bisutti, Jamie Lee Darley appeared in the broadcast, but not on the catwalk.
  114. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (2009)" . Internet Movie Database. Retrieved December 26, 2009.
  115. ^ "First Look: Marisa Miller to Rock Victoria Secret's New Diamond-Studded Bra" . People. StyleWatch. October 21, 2009. Archived from the original on March 6, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  116. ^ Sepinwall, Alan (December 1, 2010). "TV Ratings: 'Rudolph' & Victoria's Secret give CBS the Tuesday win" . Hit Fix. Retrieved December 1, 2010.
  117. ^ "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'Modern Family,' 'The Sing Off' Adjusted Up; 'The Middle' Adjusted Down" . TV by the Numbers. December 9, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  118. ^ "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2010 Line-up Gallery" . VSHOLIC.com. Archived from the original on August 31, 2012. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  119. ^ [1] Archived October 22, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  120. ^ "Victorias Secret Supermodels Attend The 2010 Victorias Secret Fashion… | Getty Images Nederland | 106652423" . Gettyimages.com. November 9, 2010. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  121. ^ "TV Ratings Tuesday: CBS Gets A Rise Out of 'Victoria's Secret Fashion Show'; Parenthood & Biggest Loser Match Season Highs; 'Glee,' 'New Girl' Inch Up" . TV by the Numbers. November 30, 2011. Retrieved November 30, 2011.
  122. ^ "TV ratings: 'X Factor' steady Wednesday, viewers not fascinated with Barbara Walters special" . TV by the Numbers. December 15, 2011. Archived from the original on January 11, 2014. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  123. ^ "Victoria's Secret Show Date Set - Intimates/Activewear - Media" . WWD.com. September 19, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  124. ^ "Maroon 5 & Kanye West To Perform At The Victoria's Secret Fashion Show [AUDIO] | Ryan Seacrest - The official entertainment news site of American Idol host and American Top 40 on air radio personality!" . Ryan Seacrest. October 11, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011.
  125. ^ "Tuesday Final Ratings: 'Parenthood', 'Victoria's Secret Fashion Show', 'The Voice', & 'Shark Tank' Adjusted Up; 'Hart of Dixie' and 'Go On' Adjusted Down" . TV by the Numbers. December 5, 2012. Retrieved December 5, 2012.
  126. ^ "Wednesday Final Ratings: 'The X Factor' Adjusted Up; 'The Middle' Adjusted Down" . TV by the Numbers. December 13, 2012. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  127. ^ "2017 Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . Victoria's Secret. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  128. ^ Evers, Sonia. "Jessica Hart Talks Football, Fitness, and the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show - News - FashionEtc.com" . fashionetc.com. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  129. ^ "Tuesday Final Ratings: 'Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.' & 'NCIS' Adjusted Up; 'The Goldbergs' Adjusted Down" . TV by the Numbers. November 12, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
  130. ^ "Week 13 TV Ratings and Analysis; How the Sitcoms Did" . SitcomsOnline.com. December 22, 2013. Retrieved January 11, 2014.
  131. ^ "10 highlights from Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . USA Today.
  132. ^ Milligan, Lauren (April 15, 2014). "Victoria's Secret Comes To London" . Vogue. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  133. ^ Bibel, Sara (December 10, 2014). "Tuesday Final Ratings: 'Victoria's Secret Fashion Show' & 'The Voice' Adjusted Up; 'Supernatural' & 'The Mindy Project' Adjusted Down" . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 10, 2014.
  134. ^ Kondolojy, Amanda (December 17, 2014). "Tuesday Final Ratings: 'NCIS' & 'The Voice' Adjusted Up, No Adjustment for 'Person of Interest' or 'MasterChef Junior'" . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 17, 2014.
  135. ^ "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show - CBS.com" . Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  136. ^ 15, Megan Cahn Oct; 2014 (October 15, 2014). "How Model Jasmine Tookes Prepares for the Victoria's Secret Fashion Show" . ELLE. Retrieved August 25, 2017.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  137. ^ Porter, Rick (December 9, 2015). "TV Ratings Tuesday: 'Scream Queens' finale flat, 'Victoria's Secret' and 'Flash' slip" . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 10, 2015.
  138. ^ Porter, Rick (December 15, 2015). "Monday final ratings: 'Scorpion' and 'Jane the Virgin' adjust down" . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  139. ^ a b http://vsallaccess.victoriassecret.com Archived October 16, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  140. ^ Lugmayr, Luigi (October 24, 2016). "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2016 Is In Paris" . I4U News. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  141. ^ Porter, Rick (December 6, 2016). "'The Voice' and '2 Broke Girls' adjust up, 'Christmas Light Fight' and 'Conviction' adjust down: Monday final ratings" . TV by the Numbers. Retrieved December 8, 2016.
  142. ^ See, Denise (November 4, 2016). "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show 2016 news: The Weeknd, Bruno Mars, Lady Gaga to perform" . Ecumenical News. Retrieved November 5, 2016.
  143. ^ Patten, Dominic (November 29, 2017). "Beaten By 'Rudolph', 'Victoria's Secret' Ratings Hit Low; 'This Is Us' & 'Legends' Rise" . deadline.com. Retrieved December 1, 2017.
  144. ^ Talarico, Brittany (November 18, 2017). "Victoria's Secret Announces Fashion Show Performers in Its First Statement from Shanghai" . People. Retrieved November 18, 2017.
  145. ^ "Victoria's Secret fashion show cancelled: Everything you need to know" . harpersbazaar.com. September 17, 2019. Retrieved November 20, 2019.
  146. ^ O'Connell, Vanessa (October 7, 2009). "The Shrinking of the Fantasy Gift" . The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  147. ^ Little, Katie (November 13, 2013). "Behind Victoria's Secret $10 million Fantasy Bra" . Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  148. ^ "Victoria's Secret Fashion Show Shows Off $3 Million Harlequin Fantasy Bra - Speakeasy - WSJ" . The Wall Street Journal.
  149. ^ a b "YouTube" . www.youtube.com. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  150. ^ a b Pedersen, Stephanie (2004). Bra: a thousand years of style, support and seduction. David & Charles Publishers. p. 110. ISBN 978-0-7153-2067-9.
  151. ^ "The Fantasy Bra's History" . CBS New York.
  152. ^ a b https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KeoGq9WW374 25:40, 39:45, 41:35
  153. ^ a b Sussman, Paul (December 1, 2005). "The Ultimate in lingerie: $15m set" . CNN. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  154. ^ Shattuck, Kathryn (December 1, 2009). "What's On Today" . The New York Times. Retrieved March 4, 2010.
  155. ^ Bird, Laura (November 17, 1996). "Forget ties; Catalogs offer much more for Christmas" . The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  156. ^ Paschal, Jan (November 13, 2001). "Diamonds ARE a girl's best friend" . Reuters. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  157. ^ a b "Hearts On Fire creates bra with bling" . National Jeweler. October 18, 2006. Retrieved October 24, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  158. ^ Bhatnagar, Parija (October 31, 2003). "Betting on the $11 million bra" . CNNMoney.com. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  159. ^ "Tyra Banks reveals $10-million Fantasy Bra" . Hello Magazine. October 14, 2004. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  160. ^ Crean, Ellen (December 5, 2005). "Bundchen Has The Secret" . CBS News. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  161. ^ Thomas, Karen (October 9, 2007). "Victoria's Secret has a gem-dandy fantasy" . USA Today. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  162. ^ "Victoria's Secret unveils 2008 "Fantasy Bra"" . National Jeweler. October 20, 2008. Archived from the original on December 11, 2008. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  163. ^ "Marisa Miller to Rock Victoria Secret's New Diamond-Studded Bra" . People Magazine. October 21, 2009. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved October 24, 2009.
  164. ^ "Adriana Lima and the $2 million 2010 Fantasy bra" .
  165. ^ jkucsak (October 20, 2011). "The $2.5 Million Bra" . Yahoo!. Retrieved October 21, 2011.
  166. ^ "Ambrosio models latest Victoria's Secret Fantasy Bra" . USA Today.
  167. ^ "The Victoria's Secret Angel Wearing This Year's $10 Million Fantasy Bra Is … (Drumroll)" . October 16, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  168. ^ "The Dream Angels Fantasy Bras Revealed!" . Victoria's Secret. November 4, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  169. ^ Satenstein, Liana (November 2, 2015). "The New Victoria's Secret Fantasy Bra Is Finally Unveiled" . Vogue.
  170. ^ "Jasmine Tookes Is the First Woman of Color to Wear the Victoria's Secret Fantasy Bra In 9 Years" . October 28, 2016. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
  171. ^ "Log In or Sign Up to View" . www.facebook.com.[dead link]
  172. ^ https://www.instagram.com/p/BpxkitYgOD7/
  173. ^ https://www.crystals-from-swarovski.com/editorial/events/15-years-of-victorias-secret-and-swarovski.en.html/
  174. ^ "Victoria's Secret Full Runway Show - 1995 | VF VAULT" – via www.youtube.com.
  175. ^ "Victoria's Secret Full Runway Show - 1997 | VF VAULT" – via www.youtube.com.
  176. ^ "Victoria's Secret Full Runway Show - 1998 | VF VAULT" – via www.youtube.com.
  177. ^ a b c d Victoria's Secret Full Runway Show - 1999 on YouTube

External links










Categories: Annual events in the United States | CBS television specials | Christmas television specials | Fashion events in the United States | Victoria's Secret








Source: Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Victoria's Secret Fashion Show (Authors [History])    License : CC-by-sa-3.0

Changes: All pictures and most design elements which are related to those, were removed. Some Icons were replaced by FontAwesome-Icons. Some templates were removed (like “article needs expansion) or assigned (like “hatnotes”). CSS classes were either removed or harmonized.
Wikipedia specific links which do not lead to an article or category (like “Redlinks”, “links to the edit page”, “links to portals”) were removed. Every external link has an additional FontAwesome-Icon. Beside some small changes of design, media-container, maps, navigation-boxes, spoken versions and Geo-microformats were removed.


Information as of: 15.06.2020 02:36:55 CEST - Please note: Because the given content is automatically taken from Wikipedia at the given point of time, a manual verification was and is not possible. Therefore LinkFang.org does not guarantee the accuracy and actuality of the acquired content. If there is an Information which is wrong at the moment or has an inaccurate display please feel free to contact us: email.
See also: Imprint & Privacy policy.