Virtual Library museums pages

The Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp) formed an early leading directory of online museums around the world.[1] The resource was founded by Jonathan Bowen in 1994, originally at the Oxford University Computing Laboratory in the United Kingdom,[2][3] It has been supported by the International Council of Museums (ICOM) and Museophile Limited.[4][5] as part of the World Wide Web Virtual Library, initiated by Tim Berners-Lee and later managed by Arthur Secret.[6] The main VLmp site moved to London South Bank University in the early 2000s and is now hosted as a wiki on Wikia.[citation needed]

The directory was developed and organised in a distributed manner by country, with around twenty people in different countries maintaining various sections. Canada, through the Canadian Heritage Information Network (CHIN),[7] was the first country to become involved. The MDA maintained the United Kingdom section of museums,[8] later the Collections Trust.[9] The Historisches Centrum Hagen has maintained and hosted pages for Germany.[10] Other countries actively participating included Romania.[11] In total, around 20 countries were involved.[4]

The directory was influential in the museum field during the 1990s and 2000s.[12][13] It was used as a standard starting point to find museums online.[14] It was useful for monitoring the growth of museums internationally online.[15] It was also used for online museum surveys.[16][17] It was recommended as an educational resource[18][19] and included a search facility.[20]

See also


  1. ^ Turner, Nancy B. (1999). "Virtual Library Museums Pages" . Electronic Resources Review. Emerald Group Publishing. 3 (2): 27–28. doi:10.1108/err.1999. . ISSN 1364-5137 .
  2. ^ Bowen, Jonathan P. (2002). "Weaving the Museum Web: The Virtual Library museums pages". Program: Electronic Library and Information Systems. 36 (4): 236–252. doi:10.1108/00330330210447208 .
  3. ^ Bowen, Jonathan P. (1997). Bearman, David; Trant, Jennifer (eds.). "The Virtual Library museums pages (VLmp): Whence and Whither?". Museums and the Web, 1997: Selected Papers. Archives & Museum Informatics, 5501 Walnut Street, Suite 203, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15232-2311, USA. pp. 9–25.
  4. ^ a b "Virtual Library museums pages" . International Council of Museums. Archived from the original on 12 December 2012. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  5. ^ "VLmp: The Virtual Library museums pages". ICOM News: Newsletter of the International Council of Museums. 52 (1&2): 9. 1999.
  6. ^ "The WWW Virtual Library: About the Virtual Library" . The WWW Virtual Library. February 2008. Retrieved 29 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Reference Internet Resources – Quick Reference – Museums/Galleries" . Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on 25 December 2016. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  8. ^ "Museums around the UK on the Web" . MDA. 2008. Archived from the original on 2 January 2008. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  9. ^ "Museums around the UK on the Web" . Collections Trust. 2010. Archived from the original on 3 July 2010. Retrieved 25 March 2013.
  10. ^ "Online Activities" . Germany: Historisches Centrum Hagen. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
  11. ^ Oberlaender-Tarnoveanu, L. (1999). "CIMEC – A Web Site for Romanian Archaeology: Dissemination by Integration" (PDF). Bar International Series. 750. pp. 169–174.
  12. ^ Trant, Jennifer (1999). "When all you've got is "The Real Thing": Museums and authenticity in the networked world". Archives and Museum Informatics. 12 (2): 107–125. doi:10.1023/A:1009041909517 .
  13. ^ Tedd, Lucy A. (2006). "Program: a record of the first 40 years of electronic library and information systems" (PDF). Program. 40 (1): 11–26. doi:10.1108/00330330610646780 .
  14. ^ Veltman, Kim H. (2002). "Challenges of virtual and digital culture" (PDF). Proc. 3rd Eur. Conf. Employment and Cultural Heritage, Economic Development and New Technologies in the Information and Knowledge Society.
  15. ^ Veltman, Kim H. (2001). Valentino, P.; Mossetto, G. (eds.). "Developments in Virtual Museums ("La crescita nel settore dei musei virtuali")" (PDF). Museo contro museo. Le strategie, gli strumenti, i risultati (in Italian). Giunti, Firenze.
  16. ^ Hertzum, Morten (1999). "A review of museum web sites: in search of user-centred design". Archives and Museum Informatics. 12 (2): 127–138. doi:10.1023/A:1009009104685 .
  17. ^ Flor, Carla; Vanzin, Tarcisco; Ulbricht, Vania Ribas. "Virtual Museums: Diagnosis Accessibility ("Museus Virtuais: Diagnóstico de Acessibilidade")". Hipermídias: Interfaces Digitais em Ead: 126–152, 187–189. CiteSeerX .
  18. ^ Mohta, Viraf D. (1997). The World Wide Web For Kids & Parents . Wiley. p. 106 . ISBN 978-0764500985.
  19. ^ Provenzo, Eugene F.; Gotthoffer, Doug (2000). Quick guide to the Internet for education. Allyn and Bacon. p. 104. ISBN 978-0205309627.
  20. ^ Brano, Rovy (1 September 2001). "Web & Wild – Virtual Library Museum Pages" (PDF). TechTrends. Springer. 45 (5): 49, 24. doi:10.1007/BF03017091 . S2CID 189911244 .

External links

Categories: 1994 establishments in England | Internet properties established in 1994 | Virtual museums | Web directories | Web portals | Aggregation-based digital libraries | Oxford University Computing Laboratory | London South Bank University | International Council of Museums | Museum informatics | Museum stubs | Website stubs

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