|Born||December 7, 1896|
Fuyang, Zhejiang, China
|Died||September 17, 1945 (aged 48)|
Pajakoemboeh, Sumatra, Dutch East Indies
|Occupation||Writer and poet|
Yu Dafu (December 7, 1896 – September 17, 1945) was a modern Chinese short story writer and poet. He died in Japanese-occupied Dutch East Indies, likely executed.
Yu was born in Fuyang, Zhejiang province. His father died when he was three, leaving the family poverty-stricken and destitute. He received a number of scholarships through the Chinese government and went on to receive a traditional Chinese education in Hangzhou. Chronologically he studied in Jiangxing Middle School (before he came to Hangzhou), Hangzhou Middle School, Yuying Academy (育英学堂, formerly of Zhejiang University).
In 1912, he entered Hangchow University (later its major part merged into Zhejiang University) preparatory through examination. He was there only for a short period before he was expelled for participation in a student strike.
He then moved to Japan, where he studied economics at the Tokyo Imperial University between 1913 and 1922, where he met other Chinese intellectuals (namely, Guo Moruo, Zhang Ziping and Tian Han). Together, in 1921 they founded the Chuangzao she 創造社 ("Creation Society"), which promoted vernacular and modern literature. He published one of his earlier works, the short story Chenlun (沉淪, Sinking), his most famous, while still in Japan in 1921. The work had gained immense popularity in China, shocking the world of Chinese literature with its frank dealing with sex, as well as grievances directed at the incompetence of Chinese government at the time.
In 1922, he returned to China as a literary celebrity and worked as the editor of Creation Quarterly, editing journals and writing short stories. In 1923, after an attack of tuberculosis, Yu Dafu directed his attention to the welfare of the masses.
After the start of the Second Sino-Japanese war, he returned to China and worked as a writer of anti-Japanese propaganda in Hangzhou. From 1938 to 1942, he worked as a literary editor for the newspaper Sin Chew Jit Poh in Singapore.
In 1942 when the Imperial Japanese Army invaded Singapore, he was forced to flee to Pajakoemboeh, Sumatra, Indonesia. Known under a different identity, he settled there among other overseas Chinese and began a brewery business with the help of the locals. Later he was forced to help the Japanese military police as an interpreter when it was discovered that he was one of the few "locals" in the area who could speak Japanese.
Yu Dafu's work is considered by leading scholars to be iconoclastic and controversial.:102–103 His heroes, which supposedly reflect the author:109 are "By turns voyeur, fetishist, homosexual, masochist, and kleptomaniac.":109 The sexually repressed heroes cannot relate to women. The alleged 'decadence' of Yu Dafu's novels, whether in a pejorative or in an aesthetic sense (i.e.'Decadence' as an artistic movement) has been considered by some Chinese Marxist critics to be a sign of Yu Dafu's moral corruption,:111 but Shih argues that Yu Dafu's writings constitute a serious-minded critique of China's political plight and perceived social conformism.:113–114 Indeed, concern for the person and for the nation are intimately linked in his work, and the effeminate and ailing body serves as a metaphor for the weak and sickly nation.:115–123
Categories: 1896 births | 1945 deaths | Chinese expatriates in Japan | Hangzhou High School alumni | Republic of China poets | University of Tokyo alumni | Zhejiang University alumni | Writers from Hangzhou | Poets from Zhejiang | People executed by Japanese occupation forces | 20th-century Chinese poets | Chinese casualties of World War II | Chinese male short story writers | Republic of China short story writers | Short story writers from Zhejiang | Republic of China people born during Qing